Short Film Texas

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    If i post my short film online, can i still send it to festivals?
    Basically, if i want to post my short film on YouTube or Vimeo, i heard that festivals only accept films that haven't been seen before. Is this true?

    • ANSWER:
      check with the Festivals rules. Its really hard to say whether your talking about The Cannes or Toronto Film Festivals. or the East Texas Community College Film Festival.

      They all have different rules and your not gonna find the answer here (not without telling us what festivals). Check the website and read the rules carefully. and other questions and you should contact them.

      Good Luck with your film

  2. QUESTION:
    How to find casting calls without an agent?
    I'm a teenage girl living in Dallas, Texas, and I'm definitely not a veteran actor. I have, however, taken a few years of specific classes (period acting, scene study, etc) and have participated in a "Teen Scene" company doing Shakespeare. I can't get an agent, so does anyone have any suggestions as to where I could find any sort of casting calls/acting auditions for short film/student film or stage?

    • ANSWER:
      look in your phone book for community theaters. any college near you that has film programs will have
      students making films. look in the classifieds of your newspaper for ind. film auditions.

  3. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to have an airline delay for weeks?
    I have a friend who is went to texas in mid November. He said that he will be back mid December to help me film a short film, but every time I schedule something and tell him. he says that the airline pushed his flight back a few days. After talking to him a couple more times he gives me the same response. Now he claims that the airline pushed it from December 15th to December 29th. Could this really happen? or is he just trying to avoid filming?

    • ANSWER:
      It is HIGHLY, HIGHLY unlikely they would even push a flight back a few days (let alone weeks) unless he were flying out of some airport in the middle of nowhere on a small single engine plane.

      When people book flights, they book them because they need to be somewhere on a certain day. Imagine if airlines delayed flights a few days just moments before you were going to board the plane. It would be terrible customer service and they would lose a ton of business!

      I am pretty sure your friend just is giving you an excuse to get out of filming your movie. If you really want to bust him in the act, ask him for his flight number so you can monitor the status of his flight! 😉

  4. QUESTION:
    where can i find some houston texas agents for child actors?
    I need a good agentagencie where I can get an agent. Im a child (10-13) And i found an application for a short film. It said i needed a resume, so i could get that, but one of the things on the list was i needed an agent. Help?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a link to an interesting article about child actors and what is required of them.

      It mentions a casting agency.

      It might point you in the right direction

      http://articles.philly.com/1993-03-18/news/25948905_1_lacy-auditions-parent

  5. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of any movies which depict success and failure?
    For school, I have to create a short film about a fine line between success and failure. My topic which I'm going to be talking about is that there are varying degrees of success and failure, and that failure brings us one step forward towards success because we learn from it.

    Does anyone know of any movies which depict it in any part of their storyline? We need film exerpts which give examples. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Friday Night Lights (the movie not the crap TV show)
      If you haven't seen it, let me fill you in on how it applies. The Movie is centered on a high school football team in Texas. The entire town is invested in their football team and will accept nothing except a state championship from the team- and they make it very clear to the boys on the team. [skip through the whole movie] at the end, they get to the state championship game, and play the big bad dallas team. The ending is epic, great game so i wont spoil it if you are going to watch. But in the end they show the importance of winning and what really defines success and failure

      In my top 3 favorite sports movies, Hope it helps :)

  6. QUESTION:
    Anyone know of an Old West film location near Dallas/Ft Worth, Texas?
    I am planning a short film shoot for late July or August and need a location as close as possible to Dallas/Ft Worth. I would be needing the buildings, saloons, etc. Thanks in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      You're looking for Old Fort Dallas in Ferris.

      Pictures:
      http://www.smugmug.com/gallery/26537#910059_vho92

  7. QUESTION:
    What's a topic for a documentary that a kid in high school could do?
    Im in film class at my high school and we have to make a short film about anything we want. i have a good story together but im kind of into documentaries at this point in time, however i cant think of a conflict or topic. i would like some ideas for a topic i could do.

    things that may help-
    im a guy
    i play football
    im going to college next year
    i go to public school
    i live in Texas
    my school has super rich kids but also has kids on welfare
    my school is racially equivalent 33% of white black and Hispanic kids

    • ANSWER:
      Write something about bulling kids. That seems to be a hot issue. I know of a family who had a daughter who was adopted from Russia. She is a beautiful girl, cheerleader, but has no friends. (girls mostly) I believe she doesn't get bullied by the boys, it's the girls. Well anyway, it got so bad, the school wouldn't do anything, the parents moved out of the school district. That is getting pretty bad when that happens. She comes from a very reputable family. People need to be treated the same for kids to learn these days.

  8. QUESTION:
    How can I become a porn star or get into the adult film industry?
    I live in San Antonio Texas and I heard couple of companies were hiring but I can't tell which is legit or who to contact.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry, but that's sick. It's just another form of prostitution, with all the inherent risks.
      I hope you know that most of the work would be incredibly boring, having repeated sex with both sexes, and after a very short time you'd be fed up with the whole thing, have a number of communicable diseases and hate real sex for the rest of your life.
      Don't do it.
      It's a sick industry for sick people - both those who perform in it and those who watch it.

  9. QUESTION:
    How do they judge the Texas Thespian Festival Film-Making IE?
    I am the first one in my troupe to do it and I don't know how they judge it. Do the critics ask you any questions over there, do you have to present your film, do they interview you or is it judged before-hand and then shown to the public? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Check out the info at the bottom of this page:
      http://www.texasthespians.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=54&Itemid=50

      It looks like the deadline to enter was November 12, 2010, according to the info on:
      http://www.texasthespians.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=38&Itemid=50

      Here's a link to the Critique Sheet used to judge short films:
      http://schooltheatre.org/sites/default/files/critique_sheet_short_film_2011.pdf

  10. QUESTION:
    What movies should I watch to be knowledgeable about film?
    I'm an incoming freshman in college and I'm a film major. I love producing videos, but I'm not exactly a movie buff. What movies should I definitely see before i go to school?

    • ANSWER:
      55% of my all time favorites ; )
      _____________
      ACTION:
      _____________
      Eraser
      True Lies
      On Deadly Ground
      Terminator 1 & 2
      Triple x
      Traffic
      Falling down
      Training Day
      Total Recall
      Con Air
      Fight Club
      Rocky 1-4
      Ladder 49
      Point Break
      Bad Boys 1 & 2
      Young Guns 1 & 2
      Blow
      Deep Cover
      Over The Top
      Money talks
      Predator
      Independence day
      Insomnia
      National Treasure
      Natural Born Killers
      The Road House
      Wanted
      Mr.nice guy
      Time cop
      Double team
      _____________
      Fantacy/SuperHero:
      _____________

      Hancock
      (Dark Knight)
      Spiderman 1-3
      Superman 1-3
      Iron man
      Batman 1-4
      I am legend
      Edward Scissorhands
      Spawn
      The crow
      Jurassic Park
      _______________
      Classic Comedy:
      _______________
      Young Frankenstein
      Airplaine
      Throw Mama From The Train
      Short Circuit
      Harry And The Hendersons
      Who Framed Roger Rabbit
      Pee Wees Big Adventure
      Cry Baby
      Tommy boy
      Oceans 11-13
      Weird science
      Encino man
      Trading Places
      _____________
      Comedy/Romance:
      _____________
      Talladega Nights
      Pineapple Express
      Anger Management
      Big Daddy
      The Cable Guy
      Joe Dirt
      Cheech and Chong's
      Bill and Teds-Excellent Adventure
      Bill and Teds-Bogus Journey
      Dude Wheres My Car
      Topic Thunder
      40 Year Old Virgin
      Evan Almighty
      Bruce Almighty
      SpaceBalls
      Encino Man
      Zack and Miri Make a Porno
      Super Troopers
      Walk Hard
      Harold & Kumar 1 & 2
      Half Baked
      Knocked up
      Shallow Hal
      Daddy daycare
      Big Bully
      Dumb & Dumber
      Kingpin
      The nutty professor
      Happy gilmore
      Hitch
      Joes apartment
      Blank man
      Love potion #9
      Stealing Harvard
      Lets go to prison
      Without a paddle
      ________________
      Horror/Zombie:
      ________________
      13 Ghost
      the shining
      Ghost ship
      The Grudge 1 & 2
      Dead Silence
      The exorcist
      Exorcism of Emily rose
      Rest stop
      The Messengers
      Stir of Echoes
      Wrong turn 1& 2
      mirrors
      Devils rejects
      house of 1000 corpse
      Halloween:rob zombie
      Resident Evil
      White noise 2
      The Faculty
      Hostle 1 & 2
      House on Haunted Hill
      Saw 1-5
      1408
      28 days
      28 weeks
      An American werewolf in paris
      Anaconda
      Bats
      Bram Stoker's Dracula
      The Fly
      Sleepwalkers
      Childs play
      Chucky 2-4
      Christine
      Constintine
      Cursed
      Silver Bullet
      Dawn of the Dead
      Day of the Dead
      Night of the living dead(1990)
      Land of the dead
      Night of the living dead 3D
      Disturbia
      Doom
      Final Destination 1-3
      Flowers in the Attic (1987)
      Freddy vs. Jason (2003)
      Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare
      Jason X
      Gothika
      Gremlins
      Hollow man
      House of wax
      Jacobs Ladder
      Jaws
      Jeepers creepers 1 & 2
      Lake Placid
      Leprechaun 1-6
      Little shop of horrors
      Misery
      Pet Sematary
      Pitch black
      Poltergeist
      Pulse
      Seven
      Shaun of the dead
      Creepshow
      Silent Hill
      Species
      It
      The Lawnmower man
      Stigmata
      Tales from the hood
      Texas Chainsaw massacre-beginning
      The amityville horror
      The boogeyman(2005)
      The Witches of Eastwick
      Hills have eyes 1 & 2
      The lost boys
      Silence of the lambs
      The sixth sence
      The Nightmare on elm street 1-8
      Tales from the dark side
      _______________
      Comedy/Stoner:
      _______________
      Fear & Loathing
      Grandmas Boy
      Tenacious D
      Dracula: Dead And Loving It
      _______________
      Stand Up:
      _______________
      Eddie Murphy-Delerious
      Eddie Murphy-Raw
      Robin Williams-Live On Broadway
      _______________
      Based On:
      _______________
      Man on the Moon(Jim Carrey)
      Grand Theft Parsons
      Walking Tall
      The Outsiders
      300
      _______________
      Disney/Kids:
      _______________
      Over the Hedge
      Garfeild
      Lion King
      Madagascar
      The Santa Clause
      Angels in the outfeild
      The Sandlot
      _______________
      War/Mobster:
      _______________
      A Bronx Tale
      Scarface
      American History x
      Full metal jacket
      Boys in the hood
      Cotton Club
      The kingdom
      War games
      _______________
      Others:
      _______________
      Big Fish
      Stand by me
      The Majestic
      The Truman Show
      Second Hand Lions
      Jurassic Park
      Ghost

      Mickey and the beanstalk
      Deep Blue Sea
      Blade
      Darkman
      Pay it Forward
      Ghost
      the stand
      The Legend of billy jean
      Walk like a man
      Radio flyer
      Back to the future 1-3
      Paulie
      The swiss family robinsons
      Zathura
      Fly away home
      _______________
      /Suspence:
      _______________
      Dual

      _______________
      Classic tv:
      _______________
      The Simpsons
      Family Guy
      Southpark
      Jackass
      The Tom Green Show
      Bill Nye
      Red Green(KERA13)
      Two & A Half Men
      I Love Lucy
      The Twilight Zone
      Tales From The Crypt
      Riply's Beleive it or not
      Are you afraid of the dark

  11. QUESTION:
    Can pyrotechnicians recreate explosions for movies?
    I need one explosion (small) for a short film I am trying to shoot and have no idea where to go for that?

    Also do I need to take out special licenses or permits with the city for that?

    I live in Dallas TX

    • ANSWER:
      I think North Texas Pyrotechnic Productions, does special effects and fireworks. They are located in the Dallas and Ft. Worth area. Call them at 214.674.1465 or email them at Info@NorthTexasPyro.com to ask if they can actually help with your needs within a reasonable price range.

      Here is their site and they are licensed -> http://www.northtexaspyro.com/Outdoor_Displays.htm

  12. QUESTION:
    What kids movie was film in bastrop Texas?
    I saw this short movie on tv about kids who rode there bike around woods and into a small town and the kids where talking about bike safety. I think the movie was film around 1996-1997. I may be wrong but does anyone have any info? Oh then a few of the kids got on a
    chopper .

    • ANSWER:
      Several movies were at least partially filmed in Bastrop, including Lovin' Molly (1974), the original The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974), Home Fries (1998), Courage Under Fire (1996), and the 2004 remake of The Alamo. Projects not yet released include All The Boys Love Mandy Lane and Fireflies in the Garden, which was filmed in Bastrop in April 2007 starring Willem Dafoe and Julia Roberts. The as-of-yet-unreleased Brad Pitt/Sean Penn film "Tree of Life" was also filmed largely in Bastrop. Recently, the remake of Friday the 13th was also partially filmed in Bastrop.

      "Home Fries" is the only one that meets your timeline.

      Synopsis: A quirky, hard to label picture penned by X-Files scribe Gilligan. Loosely, the story concerns a drive-through employee at a fast food restaurant (Barrymore). She is ordered to be murdered by the... A quirky, hard to label picture penned by X-Files scribe Gilligan. Loosely, the story concerns a drive-through employee at a fast food restaurant (Barrymore). She is ordered to be murdered by the son of the dead man with whom she'd been having an affair. Not so fast, however, for the son, Dorian (Wilson), begins to fall for her. From there, events spiral even further into the land of black comedy.

  13. QUESTION:
    where can I look up professional auditions for actors in Houston, TX?
    I have moved from New York and know which newspapers and websites to look for them there, but no idea how to research for them here. I need auditions for theater, films, voice overs, dinner theaters, etc, non union. Any help given would be much appreciated as I need to build my resume up in this area. So far all I've been able to find are the scam artists who expect you to pay for an audition or show you the auditions if you get a membership.Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Check the various film commission sites
      Texas Film Commission http://governor.state.tx.us/film/hotline-cast
      Short Film Texas http://www.shortfilmtexas.com/castcrew-calls/
      Houston Film Commission http://www.houstonfilmcommission.com/

  14. QUESTION:
    Old carnivals in the southern part of the US?
    I am making a short film that has to do with carnivals and fun houses. Do you know where I could find one with a walk in fun house with mirrors and mazes? Not one for only children? Also there needs to be a carousel. Just anywhere in the south. Arkansas, Louisiana, Alabama, Florida, Texas, Tennessee. Any of those states. It needs to have an old vibe to it. I am mostly looking for the fun house. Thank you tons.

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe something like http://www.carnivalmidways.com can point you in the right direction.

  15. QUESTION:
    How to become an actress and what to do to be an actress?
    I have been wanting to become an actress for the longest time but I have no Idea how to find out about auditions or anything. I live in houston texas and I was just wondering if anybody has any helpful tips? I want to join acting classes but my family has financial problems so we cant afford them.

    • ANSWER:
      The steps to being an actor are the steps you take.
      Acting is usually one of three things: a Hobby, a Lifestyle and a Career.
      Already because of the three different meanings there are three different paths.
      In short, no path is the same and what worked for one person mightn't work for someone else.

      Anyone can pick Acting up as a Hobby.
      Whether it be picking up a script, grabbing yourself a camera, acting it out, filming it then uploading it to Youtube. Or seeing an audition notice in a local newspaper for an upcoming play, contacting the director, attending the audition and seeing how it goes.

      As a Lifestyle, you've decided that Acting means something more to you long term.
      Therefor it may be in your best interest to get involved with Acting Classes, Acting Schools, become a Member of a Theatre Company to generate more regular Acting Opportunities. Though how you enjoy Acting as part of your Lifestyle is up to you, same as enjoying Exercise as part of your Lifestyle.

      The website Starnow:
      http://www.starnow.com/curtisfarrell
      Provides opportunities for Actors interested in both of the above and occasional professional opportunities as well.
      For Actors in Australia I recommend against AT2 as it's very similar to Starnow - you get the same types of opportunities, though you have to pay over 0 more per year for them and they discriminate between Actors who do have an Agent and those who don't.

      If you're after Acting as a Career there are certain things inside of your control and outside of your control.
      What's inside of your control is keeping yourself ready, centered and focused - (this is usually done by keeping yourself busy with some acting opportunity whether it's paid or not). Having an Agent, representation, networking and looking for work.
      What's inside of your control are the avenues you have to generate work, what's outside of your control is the work that comes in.
      Lucky breaks are also outside of your control. You can do your best to be in the right place at the right time, though sometimes it's not a matter of what you know but who you know.

      When you're ready to take a step towards a Career, here's how to Find and Apply for an Agent:
      http://www.youtube.com/user/Funstuff13613?feature=mhee#p/u/4/0nUBPVIwJTE
      It's how I got mine.

      Answers that give you a bulk ladder in how to become an actor are false.
      As anyone can become an Actor just as anyone can become a cook.
      Acting isn't the same as being famous and Acting means many different things to many different people.

      The best step for you to take, is the step that is available to you.
      Once you take that step I'm sure you will gain insight as to what you'd like to pursue and what step you'd like to take next.

      All the best :)

  16. QUESTION:
    How do I get this item off my credit report, and deal with my landlord?
    Help! We moved from one state to another. Landlord did not do inspection after we moved, even tho we asked, so I took video. Sent us bill for various items. I disputed light bill, they admitted overcharging, and adjusted. They Insisted we broke blinds, which we did not, and that we did not clean baseboards. Charges went down to , which i still refused to pay - I had a team in there cleaning, left the place spotless. Next I knew, they reported to Credit report. Would love to sue them to court - have lots of evidence, even letter from apartment owner saying we are great tenants, but then I'd have to fly back to Texas. Disputed item in Credit report, but after investigation, it remains. Its a matter of principle - I do not want to pay the money (I can afford it) becasue they do that to everyone, and I KNOW I would win in civil court. So, who can I report them to, what can I do, or should I just leave the item on the credit report and ignore it? We found out when renewing car insurance!

    • ANSWER:
      You're right, you don't owe that money. You don't have to take them to court, just threaten that you will. Here's something similar to what you should say:

      Depending on how long you've occupied an apartment, there are normal levels of 'wear and tear' that are not your responsibility to pay for. Dirty baseboards are normal, some stains on the carpet, maybe even a small amount of retouching on the paint is acceptable. The only way they could have put it on your credit report was if they took it to their attorney, who I am shocked would do a Judgement on Proof (proof of the money that you owe) on . In Indiana, the minimum is (including attorney's fees for the plantiff).

      In short, if you go to court, you will win. You can always dispute it on your credit report later, also. In your video, did you happen to film the newspaper headline w/ date on the day you took it? That would have been a good idea, no biggie if you didn't. Explain to them that you have proof and are not afraid to take this to trial. Most complexes would back down.

  17. QUESTION:
    Can I get into a decent college with a 97 average?
    M a 17 year old sophomore at one the top public schools in Texas, Westlake high school. I have maintained a 97 average throughout my high school career so far. Like a 92 without the ap and pre ap multipliers. Even though I'm above the average, my mom always tells me I'm gonna be a loser with a 97 average cuz it's not good enough to get into a have decent college, and that I'm gonna be going to community college and be a bum. I think that's a load of bullshit, but I wanna know what other people think about that. I don't aspire to go to Harvard, or Stanford or rice. I know you have to have like a 107 to get into those colleges, but is a 97 enough to get into some decent universities? I've been a short film selection for the Austin Film Festival Student Film Festival if that helps.

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    Recommendations for getting into film school?
    What does one recommend for getting accepted into a film school like Full Sail or USC? What stands out on a resume, etc.? Any tips?
    Also, any idea how to go about financial aid?

    • ANSWER:
      Read Film School Confidential first. See the website.
      It gives a hard look at film school as a concept- and it is pessimistic but realistic. It’s a bit outdated, but you can read most of it for free online. Entertaining, even if you don’t agree with it. It does give some pointers on ADMISSIONS.
      Devote all your free time to writing or making short films on whatever camera you can find. Use those films and scripts to apply to USC, NYC, Chapman, Texas, Florida State, whatever. Watch the “Making of” documentary on the “Clerks X” DVD and on other movies as well.
      Be a production assistant on a couple of movies–real movies, not the “deferred pay, looks great on a resume, free meals, to be shot whenever, DV” movies peppering film commission websites–and you’ll learn more than anything they’ll teach you in film school. At least that was my experience. If you want to learn how a set operates, how to communicate with different departments, how to move a crew, then work with the professionals. And when you’re on the set, do what you’re told, don’t try to direct the director and do get to know the rest of the crew- they might recommend you for a job someday.

      What schools look for:
      In the words of Howard Rodman of USC Cinema School:

      "Writing. Good writing. Not necessarily in screenplay format. We’re less interested, at this point, in whether you know what we’re here to teach you, than in whether you can put together a sentence. Tell a story. Create a dimensional character. In short: do you have your very own voice? [P.S. - We know the difference between "its" and "it's," and we actually care.]

      Grades, good enough to pass muster with the larger USC admissions apparatus, and good enough to give us the confidence you’ll be able to execute a demanding program. Four point something GPAs and 1600 SATs (or GREs) are truly lovely, but are not in and of themselves guarantors of anything. We’re looking for writers [see #1 above], but we do need to know you can handle the load.

      Diversity. Folks with life experience. Folks from strange and wonderful places. Folks who’ve had interesting ‘first’ careers before turning to writing. Not just your typical work/study/get ahead/kill types. The New York Times says that a cinema MFA may be the new MBA; but I’m not sure we’d view it that way.

      A good mix. Not all Hummers, not all Priuses."

      Worry about financial aid after you're accepted- that's why they have a Financial Aid Office.

      Check into local resources-- for example in New England: http://www.newenglandfilm.com/

      Hope this helps!

  19. QUESTION:
    How to parenthetically cite a website without an author's name?
    In MLA format, how do I parenthetically cite a website that does NOT have page or paragraph numbers OR an author's name? Can you also give a short example like this (Hopkins 23). Thanks a lot.

    • ANSWER:
      Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name).
      You do not need to give paragraph numbers or page numbers based on your Web browser’s print preview function.
      Unless you must list the website name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. Only provide partial URLs such as when the name of the site includes, for example, a domain name, like CNN.com or Forbes.com as opposed to writing out http://www.cnn.com or http://www.forbes.com.

      Works with no author
      When a work has no author, use the work's title or a shortened version of the title when citing it in text. (If abbreviating a title, omit initial articles and begin with the word by which it is alphabetized in the Works Cited list.):

      so basically just use the title or a shortened version of the title.
      If the title was "Texas: A Really Big State" just use (Texas).

  20. QUESTION:
    How can I find people who want to appear in a documentary?
    How can I promote a documentary?
    My friend and I are working on a documentary about the higher education system.

    1) How can we capitalize on the film?
    2) Where can we promote it? What social media websites should we use?
    3) How can I find people who are interested in appearing in the documentary? (professors, students, graduates, employers, internship directors, internship supervisor, higher education lobbyist, politicians, and people who do research on higher education institutions)

    If you are interested in being featured in the documentary, then please e-mail me at rme2011@yahoo.com. Thank you.

    We are willing to do Skype, Google Talk, e-mail, phone, and in-person interviews.

    • ANSWER:
      OK, the first thing you need to do is to develop some sort of business plan or overarching model for your film. You need to figure out what your film is going to be about - right now, saying it's just about higher ed is pretty broad. Focus on a specific aspect of the system, and then as you go along you might find that a specific story becomes really important. Frankly, I would suggest you might want to back off and start with a smaller project - maybe a short documentary running ten minutes about just one person's experience, or one specific thing happening in higher ed. Look at the movie "The Lottery". That's about one very specific thing, and the people it impacted.

      You really need to plan, plan, plan - and then get out there and share your streamlined vision with others. A great way to do that is by looking into some of the documentary grant funds out there, and what kind of application materials they ask for. I requested funding for a documentary in Texas last year and I really had to put together a lot of material - a full budget, a summary of the story I was working on, a promotion guide, a detailed resume for myself and my producer, etc. It was a really solid experience because it forced me to think about what I was doing.

      As for getting people interested in appearing - you have to come up with an idea, and then you talk to people you meet. If you don't know someone, you start researching online and by talking to others about what kind of views you want to have.

      Even though it is an older book, I really suggest Michael Rabinger's "Directing the Documentary". It asks you a lot of questions and gives you a lot of food for thought.

      I would also suggest that you volunteer to crew on other people's productions. That's one of the best ways to learn.

  21. QUESTION:
    Why are you still refusing to tell that the texas chainsaw massacre was a true story?
    when I watched the texas chainsaw massacre (2003) I'm really convinced that it was real story. When the film begins with a short documentation around the rest area of the hewitt residence you will see the FBI agents that is making their investigation around the rest area and another fact is the death of two investigating officer while doing a walkthrough into the basement of the hewitt house. How can you add up the name of Texas in the film if it was not a true story I think it is a big lie for every people round the world if you trying to refusing the truth behind this movie.

    • ANSWER:
      there was a killing in texas with a chainsaw, however this happened about a month after the original version was relised, thats the closest thing to the movie

      the claim at the beginning is a popular horror movie technique to scare the viewer more, its been done in Chainsaw, Amityville, Blair Witch....

      and there was no investigation of the house...if your refering to the clip at the beginning of the 2003 version, where Leatherface attacks the agents, well thats a staged scene, i mean look at the scene where Leatherface cuts off that guys leg, you think thats real, NO! its editing, the same thing

      the chainsaw massacre is based on two events...
      1) Psycho killer Ed Gein of Plainfield, Wisconsin, he saved bodyparts, made masks, etc etc, however he did not use a chainsaw (probably wouldve been easier for him though, lol) and...
      2) The directer of the original TCM was swarmed by fans in a mall who liked his previous movies, and he looked into a tool store kinda place and saw a chainsaw, the thought that went through his head was "that'd be a good way to clear this crowd" lol, well...you put those two things together, you get the Texas Chainsaw Massacre

  22. QUESTION:
    I want to start writing a short story or a novel, any ideas?
    i have lots of ideas, mostly want to write a ghost story that takes place in my home town in texas, not a scary one though, more like a love story. similar to ghost and mrs. muir

    • ANSWER:
      The Ghost & Mrs. Muir is one of my favorite b&W films! Why not reverse the characters? Have a guy buy a house near a lighthouse or on a cliff on a remote stretch of a beach so he can write his novel. The ghost is a young woman who flung herself off the cliff when her sea-faring captain's ship was sunk at sea. The guy is getting over a divorce or is newly widowed. The ghost senses his emotional pain & starts visiting him although he's unaware of her @ first. Gradually he becomes aware of her presence & she's revealed.

      Oops, just saw you mention Texas. If it's in a coastal city like Galveston she could have waded into the water & drowned. You could do a little research on the huge huuricane in 1900 that destroyed Galveston. Look for the book Isaac's Storm by Erik Larson that chronicles events. It's non-fiction, but is short & reads like fiction.

  23. QUESTION:
    Is it illegal to audio/video record a police officer in a public place in Texas?
    And i am not in any way shape or form keeping them from doing their job, just to have evidence if anything occurs or he abuses his/her power's. An officer said it was illegal under the wire tapping law but i know that Wiretapping is the listening-in on telephone, telegraph or teletype or communications. It is usually accomplished by attaching taps and listening or recording equipment to the communications wires. so i figured he was full of it. just need some answers on this.

    • ANSWER:
      The short answer to your question is no.

      Here's a link to the Texas wiretapping law, I can't vouch for how accurate this is.

      http://www.citmedialaw.org/legal-guide/texas-recording-law

      During the hysteria following 9/11, some police thought that photography had somehow become regulated by the Patriot Act or their own policies. This was simply not the case.
      In the United States there are no laws that prevent you from taking video and or photographs of the police, or police situations. With that said, there are times when this could be a problem. If you were just a third party at a scene and had nothing to do with what was happening you would be fine.
      However if you were a party to nature of the call then you could be asked to put the camera down. Your getting closer to the scene to let the officers know you were there, and telling them you were filming police brutality most likely lead them to believe that you were a party to the incident. For example you were a driver or passenger in a traffic stop. The camera could be construed as a weapon and the officer would likely make you turn it off and put it down.
      If you are out in public and you see police activity you have every right to videotape or photograph it. This is protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution. Laws to prevent audio taping without consent would be not apply as long as you were clearly visible and were not going to any secret or extreme means to get sound. Some states have enacted wiretapping laws that law enforcement have tried use to prevent video being taken at scenes. I've heard of charges filed against videographers based on these laws but I've yet to actually see one of these cases get to court much less a conviction.
      Most photographers that are arrested in these scenarios are usually being stupid and crossing police lines or willfully harassing the police. If you are out of the way most police officers could not care less and some are even glad to have you.
      When police are in public they have no right of privacy just like everyone else and they also have the right to remain silent should a camera be rolling. I've seldom run into this problem other than requests not to show officers faces who might be working undercover and not shooting dead bodies. I don't shoot bodies anyway, and I always try to comply on the face requests although I'm under no obligation to do so. Sometimes crimes scenes may be expanded to get you further away from a scene or there may be genuine safety issues, if that happens or you're directed to leave because of a safety issue, you should comply and you may be subject to arrest if you do not. However, you can not be excluded from any area that the general public is being allowed in.
      If you are a third party to an incident and are confronted with this situation you best bet is to not cut off the camera and move your finger away from the trigger so you don't accidentally cut it off. Should you be arrested the tape would be your best evidence.

      Good luck and hope this helps.

  24. QUESTION:
    Can anyone do a synopsis for me on these films?
    I need an extremely short synopsis of the films "Fargo" (1996), "No Country for Old Men" (2007) and "True Grit" (2010).
    Also could you short it to 2-3 sentences. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Jerry works in his father-in-law's car dealership and has gotten himself in financial problems. He tries various schemes to come up with money needed for a reason that is never really explained. It has to be assumed that his huge embezzlement of money from the dealership is about to be discovered by father-in-law. When all else falls through, plans he set in motion earlier for two men to kidnap his wife for ransom to be paid by her wealthy father (who doesn't seem to have the time of day for son-in-law). From the moment of the kidnapping, things go wrong and what was supposed to be a non-violent affair turns bloody with more blood added by the minute. Jerry is upset at the bloodshed, which turns loose a pregnant sheriff from Brainerd, MN who is tenacious in attempting to solve the three murders in her jurisdiction. this is for fargo===

      In rural Texas, welder and hunter Llewelyn Moss discovers the remains of several drug runners who have all killed each other in an exchange gone violently wrong. Rather than report the discovery to the police, Moss decides to simply take the two million dollars present for himself. This puts the psychopathic killer, Anton Chigurh, on his trail as he dispassionately murders nearly every rival, bystander and even employer in his pursuit of his quarry and the money. As Moss desperately attempts to keep one step ahead, the blood from this hunt begins to flow behind him with relentlessly growing intensity as Chigurh closes in. Meanwhile, the laconic Sherrif Ed Tom Bell blithely oversees the investigation even as he struggles to face the sheer enormity of the crimes he is attempting to thwart. for no country for old men

      Following the murder of her father by hired hand Tom Chaney, 14-year-old farm girl Mattie Ross sets out to capture the killer. To aid her, she hires the toughest U.S. marshal she can find, a man with "true grit," Reuben J. "Rooster" Cogburn. Mattie insists on accompanying Cogburn, whose drinking, sloth, and generally reprobate character do not augment her faith in him. Against his wishes, she joins him in his trek into the Indian Nations in search of Chaney. They are joined by Texas Ranger LaBoeuf, who wants Chaney for his own purposes. The unlikely trio find danger and surprises on the journey, and each has his or her "grit" tested for true grit

  25. QUESTION:
    Best written horror films/thrillers of the last 10 years?
    I need recommendations on well written horror films or suspense films of the last decade or so. English language thrillers preferred.

    • ANSWER:
      This decade has been definitely been the 80's all over again, from fashion to music- even film. There's been a rebirth of independent films and studios like there had been in the 80's. There was also a huge horror movie boom. The sad part is that there's too much commercialism in movie studios today and they are out to collect rather than entertain. The easiest way they achieve this is by remaking movies that studios already own the rights to. A huge percent of the horror movies that have been produced this decade are remakes, from Texas Chainsaw Massacre to The Hills Have Eyes (yes- it's a remake). I was saddened to see that one of my all time favorite horror movies, Black Christmas, was remade and I cringe at the thought of my beloved Evil Dead will be redone as well. Very sad. But there have been a few excellent original films. Best that come to mind are:

      28 Days Later (Directed by Danny Boyle of Slumdog Millionare fame)
      Shaun Of The Dead
      Grindhouse

      Wow... That's a short list. They just don't make 'em like they used to...

  26. QUESTION:
    what are some scary government fact and stories?
    im trying to make a short film like "The Hills Have Eyes" you know how its based on the government droping bombs in New Mexico,
    we'll something like that.

    • ANSWER:
      Snopes has a government legends section...some are pretty scary.
      One (kinda weird) Texas honoring the Boston Strangler. WTF?
      http://www.snopes.com/legal/desalvo.asp

  27. QUESTION:
    How can I get discovered by an agent?
    I really want to act and I know I have the talent to land a role. I live in Texas so its not so easy. But I know there's other shows filming nearby. Please give me suggestions. Where can I find an real agent ?

    • ANSWER:
      Almost all of the great agents work in or around the Hollywood area. Your best bet is to get an awesome head shot (look on line for dos and don'ts) and gather a resume of all you're work and send it to them. That's the quickest way, but not the most reliable. The best and really only way is to move to the L.A. area and start getting on an agent's short list. You can still be an extra or get small speaking roles if you go to cattle calls in Texas. Good luck!

  28. QUESTION:
    What is a good scary movie to watch on a date?
    So me and my best friend are double dating with are boyfriends who are also best friends. We are going to my house. We are planning to watch scary movies, what are some good scary movies that would be good to watch?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is just a short list of movies I can think of off the top of my head.
      My name is Molly, and I'm going on my 15th year of being a Horror Movie Addict.
      NOTE: Some of these…ahem, most of these…aren’t suitable for the children.

      When a Stranger Calls (“Have you checked the children?”)
      A teenage babysitter is terrorized in a very large house by an unknown caller.

      The Happening (M. Night at his finest)
      Mark Walberg, Zooey DeChanel
      The eastern seaboard is attacked by a mysterious chemical, which makes the affected suicidal.
      The Devil’s Rejects (creepiest clown award)
      Rob Zombie brings us a homicidal clown, and a brother-sister kill squad.

      The Shining (Jack Nicholson version)
      Jack Nicholson
      A family is invited to keep watch over a spooky hotel, and demons begin to mess with daddy’s mind.

      Psycho (I prefer Vince Vaughn version)
      Vince Vaughn
      A woman seeking shelter at the Bates Motel finds the manager to be a bit bipolar.

      The Exorcist (quite an evil film)
      Linda Blair
      The Devil takes hold over an innocent child, transforming her into a demon.

      Halloween (setting the stage for slashers)
      Jamie Lee Curtis
      Michael Myers returns to his hometown each Halloween to kill off a few more teens.

      Nightmare on Elm Street (he just won't die...)
      Robert Englund
      Freddy is back from Hell and ready to invade some nightmares.

      Friday the 13th (he just won't die either...)
      Jason returns from the dead to take revenge on selfish camp counselors.

      Freddy vs. Jason (will they ever die?!)
      The two aforementioned killers face off to see who can claim more victims.

      30 Days of Night (hands-down best vampire movie)
      In Barrow, AK, the town residents must face off against a month of darkness, bringing with it a pack of bloodthirsty immortals.

      The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (enter: chainsaw-wielding maniac)
      Jessica Biel
      Vacationing teens find themselves in the middle of nowhere, and ask the wrong family of cannibals for directions.

      28 Days Later (amazing zombies)
      A man wakes up to find that the entire world is nothing but restless zombies.

      I am Legend (introducing: bat-zombie)
      Will Smith
      Will Smith, finds that the cure for cancer has some not-so-pleasant side effects.

      Resident Evil (yes, it's better than the games)
      Charlize Theron
      The T-virus turns a woman into a superhuman, zombie-fighting machine.

      Dawn of the Dead (are you sure you'd hide in a shopping mall?)
      A massive zombie outbreak forces a group of strangers to survive within a deserted mall.

      Quarantine (rabies…it’s not just for raccoons anymore)
      Jennifer Carpenter
      A reporter follows firemen into an apartment building, only to be sealed off by the CDC, as it is home to a vicious infection.

      The Exorcism of Emily Rose (best possession)
      Jennifer Carpenter, Laura Linney
      A young girl is possessed by demons, and a priest is faced with charges of homicide.

      Cloverfield (best monster scene)
      While attending a goodbye party, a group of friends run for their lives from giant monster.

      Signs (aliens aren't nice)
      A family notices strange crop circles in their cornfields, leading to an alien invasion.

      Close Encounters of the 3rd Kind (aliens ARE nice)
      After an alien encounter, a man struggles to reconnect with the out-of-towners.

      Pet Semetary (“It’s me, Fluffy!”)
      An ancient burial ground brings the dead back to life, although slightly altered.

      It (or, the reason clowns are scary)
      A group of childhood friends reconnect to fight the evil clown that destroyed their lives.

      Carrie (or, why you don’t tease the quiet kids)
      Sissy Spacek
      A ridiculed student with otherworldly powers seeks revenge on Prom Night.

      The Mist (this film will leave you speechless)
      Shoppers in a grocery store must survive a thick mist, bringing with it creatures from an alternate universe.

      Re-Cycle (Cantonese, with English subtitles)
      A woman writer is trapped in her own mind, a world of the abandoned (and angry) souls.

      Invasion (in an emotionless world…)
      Nicole Kidman
      A woman and her son are up against a world of emotionless masses that want them to “change”.

      The Ring (now TV's are evil)
      Naomi Watts
      An investigator must solve the secret of the videotape that kills whoever watches it.

      Saw (yeah, I saved the best for last)
      Tobin Bell, Shawnee Smith
      A cancer patient, “Jigsaw”, creates traps for unappreciative people, to see how much blood they’ll shed to stay alive.

  29. QUESTION:
    What is a good age to start getting serious about acting?
    I am 13 and I wants to be an actress. I don't want to be the typical nick or disney star because they end up disappearing eventually. Is 13 a good age to start getting serious? Also, is it a good idea to learn how to do accents? I have an excellent British accent, or so I am told. I am working on Southern accents. Are these good to learn? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      It is never too early to be passionate about anything!
      I admire that you are ambitious, and I recommend chasing that dream! Many actors and actresses start early and become very successful!
      Drew Barrymore started at like age 7 or even younger. Lindsay Lohan was very young, among many others who are still at the top!
      I say go for it, and start getting involved with school theater.
      The sky is even short when it comes to the limits of potential!
      Accents are fun, I use them all day at my job. Watch some british films to work on the british accent. its also important to know what part of europe pronounces things differently than the other parts, as well as having a Southern Draw. For example, people from Louisiana sound a sight different than people from Texas, but it will all come in time!
      Good Luck!

  30. QUESTION:
    What are the best colleges for screenwriting in the United States?
    I want to be a screenwriter and was wondering what the best colleges for that are.

    • ANSWER:
      UCLA, USC and NYU Tisch. Besides being excellent schools, they have lots of connections in the entertainment industry.

      Others would be Chapman University (Orange, CA), Loyola Marymount and Boston University. There are also screenwriting programs at Florida State U, North Carolina School of Arts, University of Miami, University of Texas and elsewhere.

      If you can't get into any of those schools, there are many more opportunities out there. The most important thing is to find a program that works for you, that teaches in the best way for you. There are even good classes through community colleges.

      And there are screenwriting schools out there -- like Writer's Boot Camp in Santa Monica, CA. They have a discussion rather than lecture style of teaching, which works well for a lot of writers.

      In the meantime, I hope you're writing. Don't wait, there are lots of kids out there that are writing scripts from elementary school on. Go to a bookstore and browse through the screenwriting books to see which ones *talk to you*. Here is a start -

      Screenwriting for Teens: The 100 Principles of Screenwriting Every Budding Writer Must Know by Christina Hamlett - Good for teens, and adults.

      Filmmaking for Teens: Pulling Off Your Shorts by Troy Lanier and Clay Nichols - Best to understand how films are made to help your screenwriting.

      The 101 Habits Of Highly Successful Screenwriters: Insider's Secrets from Hollywood's Top Writers by Karl Iglesias - Inspirational!

      Writing Screenplays That Sell by Michael Hauge - A great book to start with.

      The Screenwriter's Bible: A Complete Guide to Writing, Formatting, and Selling Your Script by David Trottier - Another really good guide.

      Save The Cat! The Last Book on Screenwriting You'll Ever Need by Blake Snyder - Very entertaining and instructional.

      Classics you're going to have to read -

      Screenplay: The Foundations of Screenwriting by Syd Field

      Lew Hunter's Screenwriting 434

      Story: Substance, Structure, Style and The Principles of Screenwriting by Robert McKee

      The Writers Journey: Mythic Structure for Writers by Christopher Vogler

      Good luck!

  31. QUESTION:
    Can anyone share their personal experience of attending the Model and Talent Expo in Dallas, TX?
    Am considering sending my daughter, but it's a huge investment of monies for us? Was it a good experience and worth the money if you attended?

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know that particular expo but in general they are a huge waste of money for all but the MOST beautiful and talented people there. The problem is, you are with 500 other aspiring models and actors, and the top agents are all going to be interested in the same 10 people who stand out from the masses. The others are only contacted by expensive photo studios trying to sell portfolios, expensive schools wanting you to pay for their classes, or less than reputable agencies with upfront charges and not a strong client list

      You would be much better off taking your daughter to open calls at agencies like The Campbell Agency or Kim Dawson Agency in Dallas where she will be seen one-on-one by an agent and they'll normally tell you on the spot if she has potential or not. They are not just some of the top modeling agencies in Texas but they are also SAG and AFTRA affiliated for acting, meaning they get the casting breakdowns for film and television productions in your area. And open calls are free to attend.

      Unless you are willing to move your family at short notice to another city if an agent from another city is interested in signing your daughter it's not worth going to an expo. Most agents expect you to move within 3-4 weeks or they won't sign you. If you aren't willing to move, then just go to local agencies on your own which won't cost you anything but gas money and parking

  32. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between East coast and west coast swing ?
    Also.. What is the difference between the Jitter Bug, Boogie Woogie, Lindy Hop then east and west swing ???

    • ANSWER:
      Lindy Hop came first, in the late 1920s and 1930s. The basic is 8-counts.

      East Coast Swing is a swing dance created by ballroom associations in the early 1940s, and was created from a foxtrot variation, but was inspired by Lindy Hop. The basic is 6-counts.

      West Coast Swing is a smooth form of Lindy Hop, that developed in California during the late 1940s and 1950s from the dance techniques of Dean Collins (a Lindy Hopper from the East Coast, who put Lindy in a slot so it could be filmed easily) who was a featured swing dancer in more films than any other dancer of the swing era. West Coast Swing significantly changed in the 1980s and 1990s when dancers started dancing more and more to "pop music" rather than traditional swing, and it is now considered it's own unique dance.

      Jitterbug IS NOT A DANCE!!! The term jitterbug comes from Cab Calloway who wrote the song "Call of the Jitterbug" and did a short film called "Cab Calloway's Jitterbug Party". The term refers to a DANCER not a specific dance, so a Jitterbug can dance Lindy Hop or East Coast Swing. If someone was to say "I dance the Jitterbug" the term can be considered a general term for any swing dance (like the difference between Martial Arts and Karate).

      Boogie Woogie is a piano playing style that originated in Texas and became popular during the swing Era. It became a dance form in Europe after the end of WWII, and is a variation of East Coast Swing, and emphasizes energetic footwork. Today, boogie woogie has began introducing more aspects of Lindy Hop.

      ::::Here's What the Different Dances Look Like::::

      Lindy Hop in 1941:

      Lindy Hop today:

      However, Lindy Hop does not have to be danced fast. It can be danced to medium and slow tempos:

      East Coast Swing as a formal ballroom dance:

      (Outside of the ballroom community, ECS is consider a beginner swing, and is used as a stepping stone for teaching Lindy Hop.)

      The East Coast Swing basic consists of 2 "Triple Steps" and a "Rock Step". Doing 2 "Single Steps" (or "Slow, Slow") and a Rock Step ("Quick, Quick") is just another variation of East Coast Swing and is not a unique dance form.

      West Coast Swing (as you can see, it is not danced to swing music):

      Jitterbug: Check out this funny Short Film from 1944 about the jitterbug

      Even though the narrator calls what they are doing "the Jitterbug" all of the dance steps they are doing are from the Lindy Hop.

      Boogie Woogie footwork with Lindy Hop moves:

      There are other forms of swing dancing than just these.

      For example, there's the Balboa (which focuses on intricate footwork and smooth movements):

      and Collegiate Shag (which has a hopping basic):

      Anyways, I hope that helps!

      To talk about all thing swing dance related, head over to the National Swing Dance Forum:
      http://www.yehoodi.com

  33. QUESTION:
    Good ways to make money in the summer? ?
    I'm 13, a girl, and I live in Texas. I need the money to buy a flip camera and props for my short films. Anything besides baby-sitting and lemonade stands please.

    • ANSWER:
      lawn mowing, dog walking, gardening for elders, window washing for elders, any elder assistance ie. running errands hope this helps.

  34. QUESTION:
    What are some horror movies that you have seen?
    I am not looking for ones that have just scared you.Just any movies that would fall under the horror category.You do not have to list all the horror movies you have seen.For people like me that would take forever.

    • ANSWER:
      some in my collection...
      Battle Royale (not technically horror, but whatever...it's Japanese)
      Blood Sucking Freaks
      Cabin Fever
      Cannibal Ferox
      Case 39
      Fallen
      Frontier(s) (french film--basically Texas Chainsaw, Hostel, the Descent and The Hills Have Eyes rolled into one)
      Hostel
      28 Days Later
      Texas Chainsaw Massacre
      The Hills Have Eyes
      The Reaping
      The Wicker Man (original)

      Youtube has a decent new zombie series out, but it's only about thirty minutes long so far, about 8 minute episodes each called Bite Me
      I Love Sarah Jane is a ten minute zombie short film on youtube that's pretty good
      The Walking Dead is a great zombie tv series
      Also, this is a pretty entertaining zombie experiment:

      maybe fake, idk.

  35. QUESTION:
    When did the fad of underarm shaving start?
    What is the justification? Armpit smell is not considered bad universally. The idea that it started to fight lice is unsatisfying as well because lice were a universal until very recently and wouldn't explain why men don't shave their pits.

    • ANSWER:
      I had always assumed it was an American thing with the start of sleeveless dresses in the early 20th century. But after finding this information online, it seems to have began long before America.

      Text provided by the website 4to40.com
      http://www.4to40.com/Health/index.asp?id=19

      The recorded history of armpit shaving is a spotty one indeed. The earliest reference we have found was that the ancient Babylonians, more than one thousand years before the birth of Christ, developed depilatories to remove unwanted body hairs.

      Julius Caesar reported that early Britons "had long flowing hairs and shaved every part of their bodies except the head and upper lip", but this quotation may refer only to men. We do know that barbers removed superfluous hair from the eyebrows, nostrils, arms, and legs from male customers around this time.

      The first direct reference to the specific topic at hand is contained in Ovid's Art of Love, written just before the birth of Christ: "Shall I warn you to keep the rank goat out of your armpits? Warn you to keep your legs free of coarse bristling hair?"

      In Chaucer's day (the fourteenth century), the mere sight of any hair was considered erotic. Women were required to wear head coverings; caps were worn indoors and out by woman of all ages.

      These ancient antecedents predict our current duality about body hair on women. On the one hand, underarm hair is considered unsightly and unhygienic, and yet on the other, sexy and natural.

      None of many razor companies or cosmetic historians we contacted could pinpoint when woman first started shaving their armpits. The earliest reports concerned prostitutes during the gold rush days in California. Terri Tongco, among other readers, posited the theory that prostitutes shaved their underarms to prove that they have no body lice, which were rampant in the old West.

      Many older readers able to pinpoint when their mothers and grandmothers started shaving their armpits. Not-so-old historian C.F. "Charley" Eckhardt of Seguin, Texas, is the only person we have found who was actually studied this Frustable:

      My paternal grandmother, born in 1873, and my maternal grandmother, born in 1882, did not shave their armpits. My wife's maternal grandmother (1898), my mother (1914), and my mother-in-law (1921) all did or do.

      Eadweard Muybridge's photographic studies of the nude human figure in motion and Hillaire Belloc's photographs of New Orleans prostitutes, all taken before or immediately after the turn of the century, show hairy armpits, as do nude photos of prostitutes known to have been taken in El Paso, Texas, prior to 1915. In addition, still photographs taken from pornographic photographs of the "French postcard" variety which are documented as having been made in the United States prior to 1915.

      Theatrical motion pictures released about and after 1915, including Cleopatra (starring Theda Bara), the biblical sequences from D.W. Griffith's Intolerance, and several others, shown shaven armpits. Something, then, happened about 1915 that would cause not merely stars but impressionable teenagers (as my wife's grandfather was) but not necessarily older family woman (like my grandmothers) to start shaving their armpits.

      So what caused these women to start shaving their armpits around 1915? Many readers, including Charley Eckhardt, give the "credit" to Mack Sennett:

      The first moviemaker to show the feminine armpit extensively in non-pornographic films was Mack Sennett, in his Bathing Beauty shorts… Sennett's Bathing Beauties had shaven armpits, and they are the first direct evidence we have of the armpit-shaving phenomemon. Whether or not Mack actually said "That look like hell - have 'em shave' is a moot point, though the statement is completely in character with what we know about Sennett.

      We do know that flappers of the Roaring Twenties adopted the leeveless clothing that seemed o daring in the Sennett shorts.

      We heard from several women who were more concerned about why the custom persists rather than how and when it started. Typical was this letter from Kathy Johnson of Madison, Wisconsin:

      I am one of the apparently few U.S. women who has never shaved her armpits or legs. It never made logical sense to me, so why do it? I've heard the argument that shaving those regions is more sanitary. Then why, I volley back, don't men shave their armpits? Why, in fact, doesn't everyone shave their heads if lack of hair is so sanitary? Stunned silence…

      Several psychologists and feminists have speculated that men like the shaven look because it makes women look prepubescent - young, innocent, and unthreatening. Diana Grunig Catalan of Rangely, Colorado, who subscribes to the prepubescent theory, speculate that "American woman, unlike their European counterparts, were not supposed to do anything with all those men they attracted with their revealing clothing. A childlike, helpless look can be a protection as well as an attraction"

  36. QUESTION:
    Is there any horror movies someone could suggest that are good?
    I want to see more movies and I cant find much that seems interesting.
    One of my favorite movies is 30 Days Of Night. I like really freaky movies most of the time but sometimes I think its so fake that its dumb. So I really cold use some suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is just a short list of movies I can think of off the top of my head.
      My name is Molly, and I'm going on my 15th year of being a Horror Movie Addict.
      NOTE: Some of these…ahem, most of these…aren’t suitable for the children.

      When a Stranger Calls (“Have you checked the children?”)
      A teenage babysitter is terrorized in a very large house by an unknown caller.

      The Happening (M. Night at his finest)
      Mark Walberg, Zooey DeChanel
      The eastern seaboard is attacked by a mysterious chemical, which makes the affected suicidal.
      The Devil’s Rejects (creepiest clown award)
      Rob Zombie brings us a homicidal clown, and a brother-sister kill squad.

      The Shining (Jack Nicholson version)
      Jack Nicholson
      A family is invited to keep watch over a spooky hotel, and demons begin to mess with daddy’s mind.

      Psycho (I prefer Vince Vaughn version)
      Vince Vaughn
      A woman seeking shelter at the Bates Motel finds the manager to be a bit bipolar.

      The Exorcist (quite an evil film)
      Linda Blair
      The Devil takes hold over an innocent child, transforming her into a demon.

      Halloween (setting the stage for slashers)
      Jamie Lee Curtis
      Michael Myers returns to his hometown each Halloween to kill off a few more teens.

      Nightmare on Elm Street (he just won't die...)
      Robert Englund
      Freddy is back from Hell and ready to invade some nightmares.

      Friday the 13th (he just won't die either...)
      Jason returns from the dead to take revenge on selfish camp counselors.

      Freddy vs. Jason (will they ever die?!)
      The two aforementioned killers face off to see who can claim more victims.

      30 Days of Night (hands-down best vampire movie)
      In Barrow, AK, the town residents must face off against a month of darkness, bringing with it a pack of bloodthirsty immortals.

      The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (enter: chainsaw-wielding maniac)
      Jessica Biel
      Vacationing teens find themselves in the middle of nowhere, and ask the wrong family of cannibals for directions.

      28 Days Later (amazing zombies)
      A man wakes up to find that the entire world is nothing but restless zombies.

      I am Legend (introducing: bat-zombie)
      Will Smith
      Will Smith, finds that the cure for cancer has some not-so-pleasant side effects.

      Resident Evil (yes, it's better than the games)
      Charlize Theron
      The T-virus turns a woman into a superhuman, zombie-fighting machine.

      Dawn of the Dead (are you sure you'd hide in a shopping mall?)
      A massive zombie outbreak forces a group of strangers to survive within a deserted mall.

      Quarantine (rabies…it’s not just for raccoons anymore)
      Jennifer Carpenter
      A reporter follows firemen into an apartment building, only to be sealed off by the CDC, as it is home to a vicious infection.

      The Exorcism of Emily Rose (best possession)
      Jennifer Carpenter, Laura Linney
      A young girl is possessed by demons, and a priest is faced with charges of homicide.

      Cloverfield (best monster scene)
      While attending a goodbye party, a group of friends run for their lives from giant monster.

      Signs (aliens aren't nice)
      A family notices strange crop circles in their cornfields, leading to an alien invasion.

      Close Encounters of the 3rd Kind (aliens ARE nice)
      After an alien encounter, a man struggles to reconnect with the out-of-towners.

      Pet Semetary (“It’s me, Fluffy!”)
      An ancient burial ground brings the dead back to life, although slightly altered.

      It (or, the reason clowns are scary)
      A group of childhood friends reconnect to fight the evil clown that destroyed their lives.

      Carrie (or, why you don’t tease the quiet kids)
      Sissy Spacek
      A ridiculed student with otherworldly powers seeks revenge on Prom Night.

      The Mist (this film will leave you speechless)
      Shoppers in a grocery store must survive a thick mist, bringing with it creatures from an alternate universe.

      Re-Cycle (Cantonese, with English subtitles)
      A woman writer is trapped in her own mind, a world of the abandoned (and angry) souls.

      Invasion (in an emotionless world…)
      Nicole Kidman
      A woman and her son are up against a world of emotionless masses that want them to “change”.

      The Ring (now TV's are evil)
      Naomi Watts
      An investigator must solve the secret of the videotape that kills whoever watches it.

      Saw (yeah, I saved the best for last)
      Tobin Bell, Shawnee Smith
      A cancer patient, “Jigsaw”, creates traps for unappreciative people, to see how much blood they’ll shed to stay alive.

  37. QUESTION:
    What are some good movies that are out for rental?
    Hiya,
    I am looking for a good movie to rent from Blockbuster later on tonight and am unsure on what to get. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Here is just a short list of movies I can think of off the top of my head.
      My name is Molly, and I'm going on my 15th year of being a Horror Movie Addict.
      NOTE: Some of these…ahem, most of these…aren’t suitable for the children.

      When a Stranger Calls (“Have you checked the children?”)
      A teenage babysitter is terrorized in a very large house by an unknown caller.

      The Happening (M. Night at his finest)
      Mark Walberg, Zooey DeChanel
      The eastern seaboard is attacked by a mysterious chemical, which makes the affected suicidal.
      The Devil’s Rejects (creepiest clown award)
      Rob Zombie brings us a homicidal clown, and a brother-sister kill squad.

      The Shining (Jack Nicholson version)
      Jack Nicholson
      A family is invited to keep watch over a spooky hotel, and demons begin to mess with daddy’s mind.

      Psycho (I prefer Vince Vaughn version)
      Vince Vaughn
      A woman seeking shelter at the Bates Motel finds the manager to be a bit bipolar.

      The Exorcist (quite an evil film)
      Linda Blair
      The Devil takes hold over an innocent child, transforming her into a demon.

      Halloween (setting the stage for slashers)
      Jamie Lee Curtis
      Michael Myers returns to his hometown each Halloween to kill off a few more teens.

      Nightmare on Elm Street (he just won't die...)
      Robert Englund
      Freddy is back from Hell and ready to invade some nightmares.

      Friday the 13th (he just won't die either...)
      Jason returns from the dead to take revenge on selfish camp counselors.

      Freddy vs. Jason (will they ever die?!)
      The two aforementioned killers face off to see who can claim more victims.

      30 Days of Night (hands-down best vampire movie)
      In Barrow, AK, the town residents must face off against a month of darkness, bringing with it a pack of bloodthirsty immortals.

      The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (enter: chainsaw-wielding maniac)
      Jessica Biel
      Vacationing teens find themselves in the middle of nowhere, and ask the wrong family of cannibals for directions.

      28 Days Later (amazing zombies)
      A man wakes up to find that the entire world is nothing but restless zombies.

      I am Legend (introducing: bat-zombie)
      Will Smith
      Will Smith, finds that the cure for cancer has some not-so-pleasant side effects.

      Resident Evil (yes, it's better than the games)
      Charlize Theron
      The T-virus turns a woman into a superhuman, zombie-fighting machine.

      Dawn of the Dead (are you sure you'd hide in a shopping mall?)
      A massive zombie outbreak forces a group of strangers to survive within a deserted mall.

      Quarantine (rabies…it’s not just for raccoons anymore)
      Jennifer Carpenter
      A reporter follows firemen into an apartment building, only to be sealed off by the CDC, as it is home to a vicious infection.

      The Exorcism of Emily Rose (best possession)
      Jennifer Carpenter, Laura Linney
      A young girl is possessed by demons, and a priest is faced with charges of homicide.

      Cloverfield (best monster scene)
      While attending a goodbye party, a group of friends run for their lives from giant monster.

      Signs (aliens aren't nice)
      A family notices strange crop circles in their cornfields, leading to an alien invasion.

      Close Encounters of the 3rd Kind (aliens ARE nice)
      After an alien encounter, a man struggles to reconnect with the out-of-towners.

      Pet Semetary (“It’s me, Fluffy!”)
      An ancient burial ground brings the dead back to life, although slightly altered.

      It (or, the reason clowns are scary)
      A group of childhood friends reconnect to fight the evil clown that destroyed their lives.

      Carrie (or, why you don’t tease the quiet kids)
      Sissy Spacek
      A ridiculed student with otherworldly powers seeks revenge on Prom Night.

      The Mist (this film will leave you speechless)
      Shoppers in a grocery store must survive a thick mist, bringing with it creatures from an alternate universe.

      Re-Cycle (Cantonese, with English subtitles)
      A woman writer is trapped in her own mind, a world of the abandoned (and angry) souls.

      Invasion (in an emotionless world…)
      Nicole Kidman
      A woman and her son are up against a world of emotionless masses that want them to “change”.

      The Ring (now TV's are evil)
      Naomi Watts
      An investigator must solve the secret of the videotape that kills whoever watches it.

      Saw (yeah, I saved the best for last)
      Tobin Bell, Shawnee Smith
      A cancer patient, “Jigsaw”, creates traps for unappreciative people, to see how much blood they’ll shed to stay alive.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is the history of shaving for women?
    I know this is a random question, but when did women start shaving their legs/underarms and how did they accomplish it without modern day razors?

    I'm just curious!

    • ANSWER:
      "The recorded history of armpit shaving is a spotty one indeed. The earliest reference we have found was that the ancient Babylonians, more than one thousand years before the birth of Christ, developed depilatories to remove unwanted body hairs.

      These ancient antecedents predict our current duality about body hair on women. On the one hand, underarm hair is considered unsightly and unhygienic, and yet on the other, sexy and natural.

      None of many razor companies or cosmetic historians we contacted could pinpoint when woman first started shaving their armpits. The earliest reports concerned prostitutes during the gold rush days in California. Terri Tongco, among other readers, posited the theory that prostitutes shaved their underarms to prove that they have no body lice, which were rampant in the old West.

      Many older readers able to pinpoint when their mothers and grandmothers started shaving their armpits. Not-so-old historian C.F. "Charley" Eckhardt of Seguin, Texas, is the only person we have found who was actually studied this Frustable:

      Eadweard Muybridge's photographic studies of the nude human figure in motion and Hillaire Belloc's photographs of New Orleans prostitutes, all taken before or immediately after the turn of the century, show hairy armpits, as do nude photos of prostitutes known to have been taken in El Paso, Texas, prior to 1915. In addition, still photographs taken from pornographic photographs of the "French postcard" variety which are documented as having been made in the United States prior to 1915.

      Theatrical motion pictures released about and after 1915, including Cleopatra (starring Theda Bara), the biblical sequences from D.W. Griffith's Intolerance, and several others, shown shaven armpits. Something, then, happened about 1915 that would cause not merely stars but impressionable teenagers (as my wife's grandfather was) but not necessarily older family woman (like my grandmothers) to start shaving their armpits.

      So what caused these women to start shaving their armpits around 1915? Many readers, including Charley Eckhardt, give the "credit" to Mack Sennett:

      The first moviemaker to show the feminine armpit extensively in non-pornographic films was Mack Sennett, in his Bathing Beauty shorts… Sennett's Bathing Beauties had shaven armpits, and they are the first direct evidence we have of the armpit-shaving phenomemon. Whether or not Mack actually said "That look like hell - have 'em shave' is a moot point, though the statement is completely in character with what we know about Sennett.

      We do know that flappers of the Roaring Twenties adopted the leeveless clothing that seemed o daring in the Sennett shorts.

      We heard from several women who were more concerned about why the custom persists rather than how and when it started. Typical was this letter from Kathy Johnson of Madison, Wisconsin:

      I am one of the apparently few U.S. women who has never shaved her armpits or legs. It never made logical sense to me, so why do it? I've heard the argument that shaving those regions is more sanitary. Then why, I volley back, don't men shave their armpits? Why, in fact, doesn't everyone shave their heads if lack of hair is so sanitary? Stunned silence…

      Several psychologists and feminists have speculated that men like the shaven look because it makes women look prepubescent - young, innocent, and unthreatening. Diana Grunig Catalan of Rangely, Colorado, who subscribes to the prepubescent theory, speculate that "American woman, unlike their European counterparts, were not supposed to do anything with all those men they attracted with their revealing clothing. A childlike, helpless look can be a protection as well as an attraction".

      In defense of men, it has been our experience that many women have visceral reactions to the presence or lack of body hair in men. Why does the same woman who like hair on the front of the torso (the chest) not like it on the back? Why is hair on the arms compulsory but excess hair on the hands considered repugnant? Are women, as well as men, afraid to face the animal part of our nature? Hairy questions, indeed."

      As for how they did it?

      Before the advent of razors, hair was sometimes removed using two shells to pull the hair out or using water and a sharp tool.

  39. QUESTION:
    How to become and actress/ model?
    I am a 20 yr old girl living in texas, thinking about moving to california to persue my goals. I want to be a model and actress. Do you think moving would be a good idea since im so young, and how can i start my acting?

    • ANSWER:
      The steps to being an actor are the steps you take.
      Acting is usually one of three things: a Hobby, a Lifestyle and a Career.
      Already because of the three different meanings there are three different paths.
      In short, no path is the same and what worked for one person mightn't work for someone else.

      Anyone can pick Acting up as a Hobby.
      Whether it be picking up a script, grabbing yourself a camera, acting it out, filming it then uploading it to Youtube. Or seeing an audition notice in a local newspaper for an upcoming play, contacting the director, attending the audition and seeing how it goes.

      As a Lifestyle, you've decided that Acting means something more to you long term.
      Therefor it may be in your best interest to get involved with Acting Classes, Acting Schools, become a Member of a Theatre Company to generate more regular Acting Opportunities. Though how you enjoy Acting as part of your Lifestyle is up to you, same as enjoying Exercise as part of your Lifestyle.

      If you're after Acting as a Career there are certain things inside of your control and outside of your control.
      What's inside of your control is keeping yourself ready, centered and focused - (this is usually done by keeping yourself busy with some acting opportunity whether it's paid or not). Having an Agent, representation, networking and looking for work.
      What's inside of your control are the avenues you have to generate work, what's outside of your control is the work that comes in.
      Lucky breaks are also outside of your control. You can do your best to be in the right place at the right time, though sometimes it's not a matter of what you know but who you know.

      When you're ready, here's how to Find and Apply for an Agent:
      http://www.youtube.com/user/Funstuff13613?feature=mhee#p/u/4/0nUBPVIwJTE
      It's how I got mine.

      Answers that give you a bulk ladder in how to become an actor are false.
      As anyone can become an Actor just as anyone can become a cook.
      Acting isn't the same as being famous and Acting means many different things to many different people.

      The best step for you to take, is the step that is available to you.
      Once you take that step I'm sure you will gain insight as to what you'd like to pursue and what step you'd like next to take.

      All the best :)

  40. QUESTION:
    Are there any places for acting extras in Houston,Texas?
    I have been through so many fake agencies and im tired of it.If you know of any place please share,because I can't move to Cali but I know some stars stated out from local agencies.I just want to be an extra.

    • ANSWER:
      You don't need to go through an agency to be an extra
      The Houston Film Commission lists casting calls on their website http://www.houstonfilmcommission.com/ -then click Production Hotline on the top
      So does the Texas Film Commission http://governor.state.tx.us/film/hotline-cast/
      And Short Film Texas http://www.shortfilmtexas.com/castcrew-calls/

  41. QUESTION:
    id like to make documentaries or films of some sort?
    id like to make documentaries or films of some sort because i really enjoy doing it. how would i go about majoring in somethign like this, what would be some qualifications for this job? and what schools would be good for someone looking to do this as a career?

    • ANSWER:
      Get into a good school. Preferbly near Hollywood:

      FILM & MEDIA DEPARTMENTS, PROGRAMS AND LABS: AROUND THE WORLD

      Ryerson School of Image Arts, Toronto - (Canada) , Film Studies
      Queen's University - (Canada) Film Studies
      University of Toronto - (Canada), Cinema Studies
      Vancouver Film School, Multimedia Dept.
      University of Waterloo, Ontario - (Canada), Film Studies
      Canadian Film Centre Toronto - (Canada) , Film Studies
      York University film program, Toronto - (Canada) , Film Studies
      University of Victoria, BC - (Canada) , Film Studies
      Victoria Motion Picture School VMP School provides professional education for film industry
      media training centre located on Galiano Island, BC. - (CANADA)
      Columbia Acadamy - Dealing with media/video and broadcast production - BC (canada)
      U. of Copenhagen, Institute for film and media - (Denmark)
      Cinema Studies - at the University of Barcelona - (Spain)
      Septima Ars - film and television school in Madrid, (Spain.)
      National Film School of Denmark
      Silicon Graphics
      Radio and TV Institute - (Finland)
      Department of Journalism, Media and Comm. - Stockholm University- Sweden
      Volda College, Dept. of Media & Journalism - (Norway)
      Australian Film TV & Radio School
      The WWW site for Media Studies @ Edith Cowan University in Perth Western Australia

      The national film and television School - UK
      Sheffield University (UK) Film Unit
      University of Wales, Aberystwyth The Department of Theatre, Film and Television
      CILECT International Liaison Centre of Schools of Cinema and Television is an organization of the world's leading schools of film and television.

      L.O.A.F.S. LIBRARY OF ANNOTATED FILM SCHOOLS not only provides a comprehensive listing of film schools' web sites from around the world, it also offers something that the film schools themselves do not reveal: honest, telling reviews and shared experiences from the film students themselves.
      UK Guide To Student Film Societies
      MSU Turkish Film and TV Institute
      University College of Dublin - Film Courses
      NYU - Department of Film and Television
      The London International Film School.
      FilmAkademie - (Germany)
      Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia - (Italy)
      Asian Academy Of Film & TV

      Film resource, includes film schools - (Argentina)
      Escuela de Cine de Chile - (Chile)
      MEDIA DEPARTMENTS, PROGRAMS AND LABS: U.S.

      Chapman University Department of Film and Television located just 30 miles from Los Angeles--boasts a nonlinear post-production center, a state-of-the-art television studio, and an extensive array of film production gear.

      University of Chicago
      Columbia College - Hollywood Giving instruction in the Cinema, Television and Media Arts to Students and Professionals from Around the World

      Columbia University Bulletin, 1994-95
      Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University a place of encouragement for photographers, writers, filmmakers, scholars of history and literature, teachers, students, and others who struggle to pa rticipate in the lives of individuals and communities and to render these lives in documentary works of artistic, literary, and social value.
      Florida St. University, School of Motion Picture, Television & Recording Arts
      Full Sail One of the top schools of in the fields of digital media, film & video, and audio. In Orlando Florida.

      Youthfilms.com - Great site for shorts
      Interactive Cinema (part of the MIT Media Laboratory) - Cambridge, MA
      The Media Lab at MIT
      Telemedia, Networks, and Systems Group at MIT
      RadioWeb
      University of New Orleans Graduate and undergraduate film production program within the Department of Drama & Communications at the University of New Orleans.
      New York Film Academy
      Univ of North Texas, Dept. of RTVF Information on our BA, MA, MS programs in radio, television, film, KNTU-FM and NTTV (North Texas Television).
      Orange Coast College Film/Video Department information on our program including our class schedules, recent awards, photos, and an overview of what our film/video production program covers.
      Rice University , Dept. of Film/Video/Animation
      NEW MEDIA AT RYERSON Home of the the NEW MEDIA program, geared to artists, educators, designers and communicators interested in using new technologies to explore new possibilities for production and distribution of media materials.
      San Francisco State University, Cinema Department
      CNTV - School of Cinema and Television at USC(U. of Southern California)
      U. of Wisconsin Film Studies
      The Motion Picture Institute of Michigan Film Studies
      The Los Angeles Film School Film Studies
      The University of Utah - Film Division
      The University of Utah Texas - Dept. of Radio-Television-Film
      Media Studies - A new department at the university of maine.
      University of California at Berkley - Film Studies Program.
      North Carolina School of the arts - Filmmaking.
      College of Santa Fe - Moving Image Arts.
      John Hopkins University - Film And Media studies.
      De Anza College - two-year program in film, television production and animation.
      San Diego University - School of film, television communications.
      SITES & SOCIETIES MAINTAINDED AT UNIVERSITIES

      Aberdeen University Cinema Club - Aberdeen, UK

      Media Resources Center at Cal Berkeley Entrypage
      The ERaM (Ethnicity, Racism and the Media) Programme The ERaM Programme, recently established at the University of Bradford, UK, supports two email mailing lists for the discussion and dissemination of any and all news, information, policy statements and research on issues of ethnicity, racism and the media.

      Welcome to BUFS - Bath University Film Society
      Center for Modern Culture & Media (Brown University)
      Edinburgh University Film Society
      H-FILM's Guide to Film/TV Resources (University of Houston)
      Second Look Computing University of Iowa
      Film and Television Gopher at Rice University
      Student Video & Filmmakers' Association (SVFA) supporting the future video and filmmakers of Hawai'i.
      Vanderbilt University
      Utah State University- Multimedia and Distance Learning Services Multimedia and Distance Learning Services- -We provide services in multimedia design, cd-rom development, TV production, graphics design, engineering, instructional design, teleconferencing, satellite uplinks and remote field productions.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are some disturbing horror movies?
    My friends and I do movie nights every week and we need some more creepy films to watch. Preferably something recent, by that I mean anything made in the last 15 years. 2000+ would be great.
    And not movies like Saw or Hostel; we're fans of foreign horror mostly, ha. Our most recent viewings have been Martyrs, Audition, Inside, and High Tension.
    We are considering Irreversible and Taxidermia, so if anyone's seen those a short review on how "disturbing" those are would be great.

    • ANSWER:
      Cannibal Holocaust perhaps.
      If you like Audition maybe Battle Royale or Ichi the killer. The latter has the same director though technically not a horror.
      French New Wave there is Frontière(s), a liitle Texas Chainsaw in the executiuon but watchable. Sheitan is also Okay. And like the other poster said Irreversible.
      THe first Saw was okay but Hostel SUCKED! AS far as American horror it only has a shot if it done via Lion's Gate (e.g.May) but they are slipping too.

  43. QUESTION:
    Anyone know the name of the Three Stooges film?
    There was a film (short or feature, I'm not sure) that had the Stooges dressed as cowboys and several times they incorporated the phrase "Deep in the Heart of Texas" in their conversation, always proceeded by three claps (as it is in the song). But I can't find it anywhere. I also can't be sure if it was a Curly or Shemp film either.

    • ANSWER:
      I think you will find your answer here...

      http://www.toontracker.com/milwaukee/pops.htm

  44. QUESTION:
    What are some colleges that students from Orange County High School Of the Arts get into?
    I am very curious and am debating or not to audition to get in. I know of alot of famous people went there like Vanessa Hudgens and Annielise Van Der Polen but I was wondering after high school, where do the students (that don't get famous) go to? What colleges? I want to get into a good college, anything UC, but if Oscha students are unsuccessful at that, I have no interst in going.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, here are their 'notable students and alumni':
      --Scott Aukerman - Emmy-nominated Writer for Mr. Show/ Actor/ Comedian [Orange Coast College]
      --Francisco Avina - Dancer/Choreographer, Member of Hubbard Street Dance Chicago
      --Dante Basco - "Rufio" in Hook (film), The Debut, Fresh Prince of Bel Air and more
      --Darion Basco - Naked Brown Men, and The Debut
      --Dion Basco - City Guys, Biker Boyz, The Debut
      --Drake Bell - Drake and Josh
      Stephanie J. Block - Elphaba: Wicked on Broadway
      --Ashley Benson - The OC, Zoey 101, The West Wing, and various other television programs
      --Kara Crane - "Jeanette Pachelewski" in Minutemen (film)
      --Chad Doreck ("Grease: You're the One that I Want!") [went to USC, but dropped out before graduating]
      --Susan Egan - Broadway Actress that played Belle in Disney's first Broadway production of Beauty and the Beast [UCLA, but also dropped out before graduating]
      --Katherine Hedrick - Accomplished film director
      --Vanessa Anne Hudgens - High School Musical as Gabriella, Singer
      --Robert Prescott Lee - Dancer in the movie "Rent (film)"
      --Taryn Manning - Crossroads with Britney Spears
      --Mark Meismer - Guest Star on "Scrubs" My Own American Girl
      --Lindsay Mendez (Grease on Broadway *Jan)
      --Matthew Morrison [NYU's Tisch School of the Arts]
      Christi Nicholls (Starlight Express & Hairspray (musical) tours)
      --Noah Poletiek - "Twitch" in Holes.
      --Krysta Rodriguez - Spring Awakening, A Chorus Line on Broadway
      --Matthew Shaffer
      --Columbus Short- Stomp the Yard, Save the Last Dance 2
      --Nikki SooHoo - Wei Wei in "Stick It" [currently attending UCLA]
      --Anneliese van der Pol - Chelsea Daniels on That's So Raven, Belle in Broadway's Beauty and the Beast
      --Justin Grant Wade - "Steve Holt" on Arrested Development
      --Lauren German - Hostel II, Texas Chainsaw Massacre

      Most of those people are actors/actresses/artists--a group that, one would think, generally does not go to college, and go straight to Hollywood (or NYC, or wherever) instead. I've added in brackets where the person went to College, if they went. The people who did go--and there are only a couple--went to good schools (only 1 didn't--the rest went to UCLA, USC, and NYU.)
      They offer 14 AP classes, which is great--and: "OCHSA has an Academic Performance Index score of 856 that ranks us in the top five high schools in Orange County and in the top ten percent in California. Ninety-nine percent of our 2005 graduating class went on to higher education in a four- or two-year institution."

      If you got in, I would go. It looks like a great school.

  45. QUESTION:
    When did women start shaving their armpits and legs, and why?
    I see pictures from the 60's and women didnt shave yet.
    What was going on in the social or historical context of the time, when women began doing this? What was the movemnt or what happened to cause this to become the new standard?
    (ie, akin to use of the pill during the womens liberation movement)
    Why exactly are women looked at as nasty or unattractive if they DONT do this? .... I dont unerstand this! :)

    I KNOW where Sophia Loren is from!!! And I am European myself, and have been there many times-- shaving is normal there too!!

    • ANSWER:
      The recorded history of armpit shaving is a spotty one indeed. The earliest reference we have found was that the ancient Babylonians, more than one thousand years before the birth of Christ, developed depilatories to remove unwanted body hairs.

      Julius Caesar reported that early Britons "had long flowing hairs and shaved every part of their bodies except the head and upper lip", but this quotation may refer only to men. We do know that barbers removed superfluous hair from the eyebrows, nostrils, arms, and legs from male customers around this time.

      The first direct reference to the specific topic at hand is contained in Ovid's Art of Love, written just before the birth of Christ: "Shall I warn you to keep the rank goat out of your armpits? Warn you to keep your legs free of coarse bristling hair?"

      In Chaucer's day (the fourteenth century), the mere sight of any hair was considered erotic. Women were required to wear head coverings; caps were worn indoors and out by woman of all ages.

      These ancient antecedents predict our current duality about body hair on women. On the one hand, underarm hair is considered unsightly and unhygienic, and yet on the other, sexy and natural.

      None of many razor companies or cosmetic historians we contacted could pinpoint when woman first started shaving their armpits. The earliest reports concerned prostitutes during the gold rush days in California. Terri Tongco, among other readers, posited the theory that prostitutes shaved their underarms to prove that they have no body lice, which were rampant in the old West.

      Many older readers able to pinpoint when their mothers and grandmothers started shaving their armpits. Not-so-old historian C.F. "Charley" Eckhardt of Seguin, Texas, is the only person we have found who was actually studied this Frustable:

      My paternal grandmother, born in 1873, and my maternal grandmother, born in 1882, did not shave their armpits. My wife's maternal grandmother (1898), my mother (1914), and my mother-in-law (1921) all did or do.

      Eadweard Muybridge's photographic studies of the nude human figure in motion and Hillaire Belloc's photographs of New Orleans prostitutes, all taken before or immediately after the turn of the century, show hairy armpits, as do nude photos of prostitutes known to have been taken in El Paso, Texas, prior to 1915. In addition, still photographs taken from pornographic photographs of the "French postcard" variety which are documented as having been made in the United States prior to 1915.

      Theatrical motion pictures released about and after 1915, including Cleopatra (starring Theda Bara), the biblical sequences from D.W. Griffith's Intolerance, and several others, shown shaven armpits. Something, then, happened about 1915 that would cause not merely stars but impressionable teenagers (as my wife's grandfather was) but not necessarily older family woman (like my grandmothers) to start shaving their armpits.

      So what caused these women to start shaving their armpits around 1915? Many readers, including Charley Eckhardt, give the "credit" to Mack Sennett:

      The first moviemaker to show the feminine armpit extensively in non-pornographic films was Mack Sennett, in his Bathing Beauty shorts… Sennett's Bathing Beauties had shaven armpits, and they are the first direct evidence we have of the armpit-shaving phenomemon. Whether or not Mack actually said "That look like hell - have 'em shave' is a moot point, though the statement is completely in character with what we know about Sennett.

      We do know that flappers of the Roaring Twenties adopted the leeveless clothing that seemed o daring in the Sennett shorts.

      We heard from several women who were more concerned about why the custom persists rather than how and when it started. Typical was this letter from Kathy Johnson of Madison, Wisconsin:

      I am one of the apparently few U.S. women who has never shaved her armpits or legs. It never made logical sense to me, so why do it? I've heard the argument that shaving those regions is more sanitary. Then why, I volley back, don't men shave their armpits? Why, in fact, doesn't everyone shave their heads if lack of hair is so sanitary? Stunned silence…

      Several psychologists and feminists have speculated that men like the shaven look because it makes women look prepubescent - young, innocent, and unthreatening. Diana Grunig Catalan of Rangely, Colorado, who subscribes to the prepubescent theory, speculate that "American woman, unlike their European counterparts, were not supposed to do anything with all those men they attracted with their revealing clothing. A childlike, helpless look can be a protection as well as an attraction".

      In defense of men, it has been our experience that many women have visceral reactions to the presence or lack of body hair in men. Why does the same woman who like hair on the front of the torso (the chest) not like it on the back? Why is hair on the arms compulsory but excess hair on the hands considered repugnant? Are women, as well as men, afraid to face the animal part of our nature? Hairy questions, indeed.

  46. QUESTION:
    What type of clothes would we need to move to NE TX?
    We might be moving from WI to TX. I don't want to pack a million clothes for the family, so I thought I would just take what we need.

    • ANSWER:
      I live in Garland, which is next door to Dallas. It is 90º degrees right now at 5:20 PM CDT. I usually wear a short sleeve button up shirt. I wear gray or tan slacks. People in this area pretty dress conservatively. They avoid loud clothing.

      Go to your local library. See if they carry the Dallas Morning News, which is the Dallas newspaper. Look at the ads for clothing. You can also go to www.wfaa.com, or CBS11TV.Com and look at the ads for clothing.

      Our winter highs are usually about 60º and overnight lows of about 34º

      If you've ever watch Walker Texas Ranger, which was filmed in Garland and Dallas, the characters dress in the clothing which is normal for this area.

      Your question is rather vague. If there are specific questions you have about our clothing, click on my avatar, and I'll gladly answer your questions.

  47. QUESTION:
    Why do people think the exorcist is scary?
    I watched The Exorcist a week ago and on on all the 10 Scariest movies ever I've seen It was rated the scariest movie of all time, but I think it was not scary at all/ 2hrs and 30mins of my life wasted or in it's shortest form, Crap.

    • ANSWER:
      Try reading the book. Nothing can beat the imagination for the real frights.

      When the movie first came out, my Mom wouldn't let me see it. She was afraid it would scare me or something. So, get this, she let me read the book. Wow! I could barely sleep even with the lights on.

      Later, I saw the movie and about laughed my head off. The scene she crab-crawled down the stairs was just too hilarious. The voices were just too over the top too.

      Why is it not scary to modern teens? You have seen too many of them. From Hellraiser to Texas Chainsaw, there are just too many movies out there. And, with the more modern film techniques the horror seems all too real. You see so much of it and it ceases to terrify anymore.

      Women fainted at the sight of Boris Karloff as Frankenstein, with no blood, and no technicolor. Now, it takes 20 gallons of panchromatic blood and the gory hacksaw deaths of a dozen teens and we don't hardly gasp.

  48. QUESTION:
    How do you build a solar cell?
    Steps and materials need to start out with.

    • ANSWER:
      (solar cell) is a direct conversion of the sun's electromagnetic radiation to electricity, and is not limited by Carnot cycle efficiency considerations. Photovoltaic (PV) cells employ a solid-state diode structure with a large area on a silicon wafer. The surface layer is very thin and transparent so that light can reach the junction region of the silicon sandwich. In that region the photons are absorbed, releasing charges from their atomic bonds. These charges migrate to the terminals, raising the potential. A single cell has an open circuit the voltage of approximately 0.6-1.0 volts and a short circuit current of a few mA. In order to increase both current and voltage, the individual cells are placed into (solar) arrays where cells may be connected in series to raise the voltage and current output can be raised by parallel connection of cells.

      The solar cell structure consists of two layers of material: one layer is doped with an impurity such as boron to make it negative (n-type), and the other is similarly doped to make it positive. The area where the two layers touch is called the p-n junction. When sunlight penetrates to the p-n junction, positive and negative charges from the two layers cross the junction, creating a flow of electric current. The layers must be extremely thin to ensure light penetration. For silicon cells, these thin layers have been obtained at high cost by slicing an expensive silicon ingot; much of the silicon is lost in saw cuts.

      Other substances, such as cadmium sulfide and gallium arsenide, are also used to make solar cells. Cadmium sulfide, although relatively cheap, has a low efficiency. Gallium arsenide is very efficient but also very costly. Additional methods of producing silicon cells--such as using amorphous, rather than crystalline, silicon--offer considerable promise.

      Amorphous silicon cells, generated on a layer of film 1.5 µ thick and sandwiched between plate glass, have been installed in huge arrays. A California complex, built in 1992, covers five acres and generates 500 kW at a cost of about [FAQ-ANSWER].25 per kilowatt hour. Thin-film cells are half as efficient as crystalline cells, but they cost considerably less to produce. New production methods may increase conversion efficiency to crystal-cell levels.

      Typical efficiencies for solar cells currently run from 10 to 15%; efficiencies of 30% have been achieved, however, and researchers hope eventually to reach as high as 40%. Applications of photovoltaic cells include

      single cells are used in handheld calculators and wristwatches
      multiple-cell arrays are used for remote terrestrial applications--buoys, oil-drilling platforms, and mountaintop microwave repeaters--where the alternative, laying long-distance power lines, would be prohibitively expensive
      satellite-based systems (no night time)
      Presently, photovoltaic is economical at remote, end-of-transmission line locations.

      Solar Cell Power Plant Diagram [Source: Texas Utilities (TU)].

  49. QUESTION:
    What are the names of the songs played in the movie Eme Nakia?
    I know its sparta but thats it.

    • ANSWER:
      In conjunction with the album Threes, Sparta has also released a 16-minute short film entitled "Eme Nakia". The film, the soundtrack for which is performed by Sparta, is about drummer Hajjar's early life, set during the Lebanese civil war of 1975-1990. Hajjar fled at the age of five to the United States, settling in the sprawling west Texas border town of El Paso. When Hajjar was 14, his "Eme" died after a bout with cancer and his father, who had been distant, left the family. His brother, 18 years old at the time, assumed responsibility for the family and raised Hajjar and his sister. The film follows Hajjar's early life story, showing his challenges and ending with him in present day.

      The independent film received good reviews and is available for free with purchase of the Threes album.

      The word "Eme" is Arabic for mother, and "Nakia" was Hajjar's mother's name.

      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

      Yeah Yeah Yeahs
      Heads Will Roll
      We were Promised Jetpacks
      Roll Up Your Sleeves

      I do believe those are the ones that I have found.

      I went to:

      musicremedy.com/s/Sparta/videos/Eme_Nakia-7175.html

      musicremedy.com/s/Sparta/videos/Eme_Nakia-7175.html

      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparta_(band)

      www.associatedcontent.com/.../top_ten_songs_by_sparta.html

      I hope this is what you were looking for.

      .
      aa

  50. QUESTION:
    What are some movies with realistic torture scenes?
    Im doing a prjoect for my american gov class about the third geneva convention and torture. i'm putting together putting together a short video with abunch of different scenes of torture. So far im taking out a scene from "hostel", and i think possibly "three kings" cuz i heard it has a torture scene in it.
    Im trying get get more towards military torture interrogation clips.
    Thanks!!!! for ideas

    • ANSWER:
      Gee I cannot think of many but one that springs to mind was the Kevin Bacon film "Murder in the First", based on a true story of events that eventually led to the closure of Alcatraz.
      What that prisoner endured made me quite sick.

      If you'd like to have a look here is the IMDb link:
      http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0113870/

      These may fall more into the horror realm but there was definite mental and physical torture:
      "Saw" (2004)
      http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0387564/
      "Saw II" (2005)
      http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0432348/
      "Saw III" (2006)
      http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0489270/

      Hostel (2005)
      http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0450278/

      "Cell Zero" ia a movie about the Greek Military Police torture chambers.

      And though I haven't seen it, does "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre" include torture?
      I think there are war films too that include scenes of torture but cannot bring any to mind.
      Thse links may also be helpful:
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Convention_Against_Torture
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torture


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