Short Film Treatment Example

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What would be the Muslim stand to debate Geert Wilders movie FITNA?
    I mean, he's quoting directly from the Koran and those verses clearly describe Islam as an intolerant and bloodthirsty religion.
    The film clearly is not an academical investigation but it manages to simplify their means in a very understandable way, doesn't it?

    Thanks for taking your time!

    • ANSWER:
      Islam is a bloodthirsty and intolerant religion.

      It incites hatred of Christians, but more especially the Jews.
      The Koran says that the Jews are like donkeys!

      62: 5 The likeness of those who were entrusted with the Taurat (Torah), but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is as the likeness of a donkey who carries huge burdens of books (but understands nothing from them). How bad is the example (or the likeness) of people who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah. And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers, etc.).

      2:96 says that they are the greediest people...
      And verily, you will find them (the Jews) the greediest of mankind for life and (even greedier) than those who - ascribe partners to Allah (and do not believe in Resurrection - Magians, pagans, and idolaters, etc.). Everyone of them wishes that he could be given a life of a thousand years. But the grant of such life will not save him even a little from (due) punishment. And Allah is All-Seer of what they do.

      Note: animal analogies are used a number of times
      Sabbath breakers are said to be like monkeys...
      2: 65 And indeed you knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (i.e. Saturday). We said to them: "Be you monkeys, despised and rejected."

      In short the various passages say horrible things...
      2:61 says that al-lah stamped wrtechedness upon them.
      4:61 Says that they (and Christians) believe in idols
      5:52 they are cursed.
      5:93 the Jews are cursed
      5:51 don't take a Jew as a friend
      5:53 Jews (and Christians) are losers
      5:57 Don't choose Jews, (or Christians, or disbelievers) as guardians
      5:59 Jews (and Christians) are evil-doers
      5:63 Rabbis do evil

      5:51
      O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya' (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliya' to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers and unjust).

      Really the only time they are supposed to is in order to get new converts, or out of necessity.

      It is not permissible for a Muslim man or woman to take a male or female friend who is not a Muslim, because Allaah has forbidden us to love the kuffaar or take them as close friends and companions
      http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/69876

      It is permissible for you to let your aunt stay with you so that you can call her to Islam and encourage her with wisdom and beautiful preaching, If she sees you and your good attitude and kind treatment, that may be a means of opening her heart to this great religion. Attitude and actions may often be more eloquent than words and preaching. So strive hard to do that, and if Allaah guides her at your hands, that will be better for you than this world and everything in it.
      http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/70219

      Question :
      In the Quraan, it says that we can not take the Kuffaar as awliyaa, but what does that mean? I mean, to what degree? Can we do business with them still? If I'm at school, can we play basketball with them? Can we talk to them about basketball and stuff? Can we hang out with them as long as they keep their beliefs to themselves? The reason I ask is because someone I know does hang out with them in this way and it doesn't affect his beliefs, but I still tell him, "Why don't you hang out with the muslims instead?" He says that most or many of the Muslims drink and take drugs where they hang out and they have girlfriends and he's afraid that the sins of the Muslims will lure him, yet he's sure that the Kufr of the Kaafirs will not lure him because that's something that isn't attractive to him. So is hanging out with them, playing sports with them, and talking with them about sports considered as "taking them as awliyaa instead of the believers" keeping in mind that he is doing that for his own eemaan?.
      Answer :
      Praise be to Allaah.
      Firstly:
      Allaah has forbidden the believers to take the kaafireen (disbelievers) as friends, and He has issued a stern warning against doing that.
      http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/59879

      Here's a site that sincerly believes all non-Muslims are condemned, so friendship requires the invitation to Islam.
      Since you have feelings of concern for your friends, why don;’t you give them Da’awah (invitation) to Islam. It is stated in the Hadith that ‘A true friend is he who invites his friend to the straight path, i.e. towards Islam, good deeds, charity, etc.’ Make lots of du’aa for your non-Muslim friends that Allah grant them the wealth of Imaan and that they realise the truth from falsehood.
      http://www.islam.tc/ask-imam/view.php?q=12410
      Again the issue of being freinds for the purposes of conversion arises...
      " Islam is the religion of tolerance, ease and flexibility, and at the same time, it is the religion of justice. Hospitality is a part of

  2. QUESTION:
    Does being good at art necessarily mean you will be good at graphic design?
    I'm bad at art and not good at graphic design? Is that because I'm not a good artist?

    • ANSWER:
      Art and design are not related to each other, so the short answer would be no.

      To be more specific, design is ultimately about solving a problem in a visual way, whereas art is a form of expression. Good design often becomes creative and expressive like art, but unlike art, the success comes in how effectively it conveys information and how the visual expression relates to the information.

      For example, think of a poster for an upcoming community theater musical. An artist would simply depict an image that relates to the musical and smack the date and time and important information at the bottom. A designer could go further, and actually create the imagery using the information... the days of the week it's being shown, THURSDAYFRIDAYSATURDAYSUNDAY become the horizontal line of the stage, with simple figures standing on the stage, each one saying part of the musical's title "The" "SOUND" "of" "MUSIC" they say. That kind of treatment is design, not art.

      The only similarities are the same similarities that transcend ALL visual arts, including photography, sculpture, film, etc. Those similarities are composition, use of color, negative space vs positive space, focus and movement. They are things that can be taught, not something that is a 'talent'.

      It took me 3 years of design school to begin producing decent, professional-looking designs. It took a LOT of time, and a LOT of practice, and a LOT of failures. The best part is, I can look back at my old work, and know exactly what I did wrong... I have LEARNED how to design; it wasn't a talent or something I've always had.

      I hope that helps. 😉

  3. QUESTION:
    Advise please!! Which specifications do I need to get camera lenses that can capture details of the iris?
    I want to buy a Nikon Digital Camera, and then fix a special type of lenses that can capture details of the iris. Which specifications do I need to mention? Is there anyone who specialized in Nikon cameras?

    • ANSWER:
      Any 100 year old camera can do that if the lens can focus closely enough.
      Old triple extension bellows cameras were OK, with a shorter than normal focus lens attached to get very close focusing at large image scales.
      This is a Thornton-Pickard, the Rolls Royce of triple extension cameras
      http://randcollins.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/thornton-pickard-royal-ruby-triple-extension-camera-with-roller-blind-shutter.jpg

      Remember physics at school?...the basic lens equation.
      1/f = 1/v + 1/u
      Change the object distance and you change the image distance
      Magnification = image distance/object distance
      M = v/u
      At 1:1 image scale, the image to object distance is 4F.
      That's the film plane to the eyeball you want a picture of for example.
      That 4F is 4x the focal length of the lens so to get 200mm working distance use a 50mm lens and for 400mm working distance use a 100mm lens for a same-size image.
      http://drt3d.blogspot.com/2008/02/basic-lens-equation.html

      Tubes or a bellows unit let you change the image distance so can focus closer...
      It's been very common in hosptal practice for well over 70 years to photograph eye defects, lesions and wounds etc..
      I used my lovely old Exactas for that kind of stuff, and for close-ups of skin lesions etc and microscope work.
      They were made long before auto features appeared on cameras and had no light meters. A separate light meter was used.
      http://www.thecamerasite.net/01_SLR_Cameras/Pages/exacta.htm

      That formula works for far away things too, even how big the Sun is on a photograph or how big a barn is on the film from two miles away using a particular lens and there is a geometrical way to do it too, and a quick way of converting angular sizes to image sizes.
      http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20110622083741AA3GZAm

      Here is a photograph of an eye, which is easily done with any 35mm film camera or a digital camera having close-up facilities as mentioned.
      http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/8782723/Trial-begins-into-stem-cell-treatment-for-sight-loss.html
      More photos
      http://thechive.com/2008/12/01/a-closer-look-at-the-iris-21-photos/

      Close-up lenses
      You can use them on any camera but SLRs are best because then you have a focusing screen on the camera..
      http://www.alanwood.net/photography/close-up-lenses.html

      Extension tubes. You can get them for all interchangable lens cameras.
      My Exacta cameras have extension tubes more than fifty years old.
      http://www.toledo-bend.us/index.asp?ExtTube

      Bellows
      http://www.alanwood.net/photography/bellows.html

      For lighting you need a high speed flash, thyrister controlled, for speed and conveience or you'll have long exposure times for large scale images.
      You must set a very small aperture to get enough depth of field at large image scales so the shutter speed must be longer to compensate or the flash exposure must be higher.
      1/20 000 of a second is fast enough for the flash to catch the iris before the iris closes in response to the flash.
      Set manual flash on the camera and adjust the flash output if it has one.
      At that speed reciprocity failure comes in so you can't trust built in flash meters...
      .No more link space left here (10 max allowed ).
      Look up reciprocity failure for film and digital.
      You can use tissues to cover the flash and reduce the output which will also soften the light for good results, and using the flash on a cable instead of on the camera lets you change the flash to subject distance for more control..
      Some flashguns have full power, 1/2. 1/4/ 1/8 etc
      http://www.amazon.com/Vivitar-285HV-Auto-Professional-Flash/dp/B00004TVSP/ref=dp_cp_ob_p_title_0

  4. QUESTION:
    Can anyone please tell if there is anyplace where one can earn some money selling stories or movie scripts ?
    I need to get some place where i can get a chance to earn some money by selling stories.

    • ANSWER:
      First of all you might like to have a look at my 'Happy Writing Blogspot', You can find lots of interesting posts about
      writing that might give you some interesting insights about
      selling stories or movie scripts, you can find it at:

      http://hpshappywriting.blogspot.com

      For example you can find some interesting insights
      about writing Plot and about important 'ingredients'
      for a 'Bestseller'.

      For what Movie Scripts is concerned, I had a little education in writing Movie Scripts and as far as I undersand you need to be prepared to 'Pitch' your stories 'High Concept', meaning you need to be able to really tell (sell) the story in a 'nutshell' explaining very briefly in a compelling way what it's about and how - and why it is going to effect an audiance, in a way that it convinces a producer that with your Movie Script he or she definitely will have some
      'Hot Property' in his or her hands!

      Personally if I was a Film Producer I would be inclined to initially only have a glance at an about 5 pages of
      'Scenic Treatment' (list of scenes with a short description of what's happening in them) And if that motivates me to read more I would like to read one or more completely written scenes. (complete with dialogues and all) If that motivates me it might motivate to read a whole script etc. etc.

      A place where you can look for buyers might be:

      http://www.hollywoodnetwork.com/hn/producing/index.html

      All the Best,
      To your Happy Inspiration,
      HP

  5. QUESTION:
    Is there any food to help get energy and maybe boost the immune system?
    My dad is on some medications to help with his Vertigo, I'm not sure what they are but we think they're affecting his appetite cause he's hungry anymore and he's losing weight. I was just wondering if there was anything we could buy or make to make him have a little more energry,

    • ANSWER:
      Gentleman,
      Check the Herbal & Alternate Therapies options at the end of the page
      What Is Vertigo?
      Vertigo is not a disease in itself, but rather a symptom that can have any number of causes. The famous Alfred Hitchcock film notwithstanding, a fear of heights is not normally one of them. Vertigo is defined in Webster's dictionary as a feeling "in which the external world seems to revolve around the individual or in which the individual seems to revolve in space."2 Occurring without warning, it comes and goes unpredictably and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and problems with equilibrium. Mild episodes may feel more like a rocking sensation or mere light-headedness.
      Common Causes of Vertigo
      Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
      Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the kind that was mistaken for Meniere's Disease in the above example, is one of the most common types of vertigo. It has many causes, not all of which are well understood. The most popular current theory is that it is usually caused by free-floating calcium carbonate crystals in an area of the inner ear called the posterior semicircular canal, which is part of the vestibular system.
      The vestibular system, located in and around the ear, is responsible for integrating what we see, hear and feel with head and body movement. In short, it controls our body's sense of equilibrium. More specifically, the vestibular system works by monitoring head movement and then sending this information to organs inside the ear, which then relay the information to the brain.
      Our ears play an essential part in this process. The inner ear contains an area called the labyrinth, in which are found three semicircular canals; these canals are surrounded by a special fluid. The canals' function is to transmit information about head movement to the vestibular nerve. This nerve passes the information along to the areas of the brain that control bodily coordination.
      People with BPPV feel lightheaded. The lightheadedness is is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sweating and a skin pallor. It usually comes on suddenly and goes away in less than 30 seconds.
      BPPV can be brought on by a sudden change in body position, such as turning over in bed or getting in and out of bed. Many people have only a single passing bout of BPPV but, for some, BPPV returns unexpectedly.
      source:
      1
      http://www.thedoctorwillseeyounow.com/articles/other/vertigo_17/
      2
      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20050315/1115.html

      HERBAL HEALING SYSTEMS
      Divine-Herbs scientific reports
      1 Black Seeds / KALONJI
      http://www.divine-herbs.com/id22.html
      Olive Oil
      2 Olive Oil Scientific reports
      http://www.leonardoolives.com/health.htm

      ALTERNATE THERAPIES FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL
      RELATED PROBLEMS.
      Patients case studies and treatments by herbals methods
      All cases
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      8
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      http://www.fairpharmacochin.com/killer.htm

      DIsclaimer:
      You should Consult your Doctor before you try any online Therapy.

  6. QUESTION:
    I have a really great idea for a new game show - how would I get it financed/produced?
    I have an idea, have gone so far as writing the basic structure, rules, timings, etc, but have no clue how to get the idea in front of the right people to get it financed and produced, or, purchased outright.

    • ANSWER:
      Register a draft with the Writer's Guild of America for copyright protection for 5 years. It cost last time I did it.

      This from their website:

      "REGISTERABLE MATERIAL

      Any file may be registered to assist you in documenting the creation of your work. Some examples of registerable material include scripts, treatments, synopses, outlines, and written ideas specifically intended for radio, television and film, video cassettes/discs, or interactive media. The WGAw Registry also accepts stageplays, novels and other books, short stories, poems, commercials, lyrics, drawings, music and other media work. "

  7. QUESTION:
    Is it worth it to buy old blu ray movies?
    I was just wondering if it's worth it to buy older blu ray movie classics such as Aliens, (whenever that comes out) terminator 2, Braveheart(whenever it comes out) when none of these movies were even shot in HD. I own the dvd's of these but just find it hard to believe they can change the picture of something thats already been shot years ago with a dinasaur of a camera.

    • ANSWER:
      The short answer: Most of the time yes.

      However, it depends on the movie. Each Blu-Ray movie released is given different treatment when transferred from the master (usually 35mm film) to Blu-Ray's 1920x1080 format. DVDs are also made from the 35mm masters but they are transfered at 720x480. So the resolution is definately going to be better, but also the transfer process has improved over the last six years. A lot of these older DVDs weren't given the proper transfer attention and the Blu-Ray editions are. An excellent example of this would be the classic b&w film: The Day The Earth Stood Still. It looks amazing on Blu-Ray and is a far superior transfer to the DVD counterpart. How The West was Won is another excellent example. They went through a painstaking process of recapturing the Cineorama perspective which is exclusive to the Blu-Ray.

      Have a look at these two reviews for screen shots:
      http://www.blu-ray.com/movies/movies.php?id=1761&show=review

      http://www.blu-ray.com/movies/movies.php?id=742&show=review

      There are exceptions. Some movie studios seem to be quickly putting out Blu-Ray releases and for whatever reason the transfers aren't very good: Total Recall, The Punisher, Terminator 2... other Lionsgate titles are often criticized.

  8. QUESTION:
    What does it mean that someone puts a show together "on speculation" and then auditions it?

    • ANSWER:
      "on Spec" bascially means that the creative forces actually produce a Pilot or a 'test reel" with their own money and once they have the footage, they take that footage to a studio(s) and say 'watch this"

      lets say YOU are a 'creative person'
      normally you get an Idea, write it as a 'short story' aka treatment and you take that story to any meetings in which you try to convince some one to make a Movie/Show out of it

      On Spec, means You write a Full script, you round up a few friends, bonus points if they are in the business, and you kill a weekend filming actuall scenes as you would like them to appear in the finished project

      the two examples I'm most familiar with are Sin City and Pathfinder....

      If you've seen Sin City there is the 'short story' at the beginning with Josh Hartnett and Marley Shelton... this scene was created 'on spec' so that Rodriguiz could explain and show what he had in mind for the "visual translation"... he invited the actors over as a favor, told them it was just a 'proof of concept" and they shot it

      Pathfinder did something a little more basic, but because they changed certain thinsg between the 'spec' and the final project they simply added the 'test footage' as a bonus feature on the DVD

      -- One could argue that Joss Whedon's Much Ado About Nothing is a 'spec production" but he's such a cottage industry at this point that however the film is distributed, its going to go out as is and be treated more like an Indy

  9. QUESTION:
    Muslims: "I can't defend my beliefs intellectually so I must use violence"?
    Why are Muslims causing chaos and rioting over a simple film (Innocence of Muslim)? Why can't they let their all mighty magic sky daddy do it for them?

    • ANSWER:
      Muslims practice the religion of Islam...

      They think they are superior to everyone else and have declared war on all "non-Muslims."

      The Ayatollah Khomeini, who dedicated his entire life to studying Islam, said that non-Muslims rank somewhere between "feces" and the "sweat of a camel that has consumed impure food." Small wonder. The Qur’an dehumanizes non-Muslims, describing them as “animals” and beasts:

      The Qur’an Distinguishes Muslims from Non-Muslims
      and Establishes a Hierarchy of Relative Worth

      The Qur’an makes it clear that Islam is not about universal brotherhood, but about the brotherhood of believers:

      The Believers are but a single Brotherhood (49:10)

      Not all men are equal under Islam. Slaves and the handicapped are not equal to healthy free men, for example (16:75-76). The Qur’an introduces the “Law of Equality,” which establishes different levels of human value when considering certain matters, such as restitution for murder (2:178).

      Neither are Muslim believers equal to non-Muslims:

      Are those who know equal to those who know not? (39:09)

      The Qur’an plainly tells Muslims that they are a favored race, while those of other religions are “perverted transgressors”:
      Ye are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People of the Book had faith, it were best for them: among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors. (3:110)

      Allah condemns non-Muslims to Hell based merely on their unbelief, while believers are rewarded with the finest earthly comforts in the hereafter, including never-ending food, wine and sex (56:12-40). In fact, much of the Qur’an is devoted to distinguishing Muslims from non-Muslims and impugning the latter.

      The first sura of the Qur'an is an example of this. It is a short prayer that is repeated by devout Muslims each day and ends with these words:

      Keep us on the right path. The path of those upon whom Thou hast bestowed favors. Not (the path) of those upon whom Thy wrath is brought down, nor of those who go astray. (1:6-7)

      Muhammad was once asked if these words pertained to Jews and Christians. His response was, "Whom else?" (Bukhari 56:662).

      Since Allah makes such a strong distinction between Muslims and those outside the faith, it is only natural that Muslims should incorporate disparate standards of treatment into their daily lives. The Qur’an tells Muslims to be compassionate with one another but ruthless to the infidel:

      Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. And those with him are hard against the disbelievers and merciful among themselves… (48:29)

      Allah intends for Muslims to triumph over believers:

      And never will Allah grant to the unbelievers a way to triumph over believers [Pickthall – “any way of success”] (4:141)

      The only acceptable position of non-Muslims to Muslims is subjugation under Islamic rule:

      Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued. (9:29 Jizya is the money that non-Muslims must pay to their Muslim overlords in a pure Islamic state.)

      A common criticism of many Muslims is that they often behave arrogantly toward others. Now you know why.

      The Qur’an Dehumanizes Non-Muslims and Says that they are Vile Animals

      Those who reject (Truth), among the People of the Book and among the Polytheists, will be in Hell-Fire, to dwell therein (for aye). They are the worst of creatures. (98:6)

      Surely the vilest of animals in Allah's sight are those who disbelieve, then they would not believe. (8:55)

      Verse 7:176 compares unbelievers to "panting dogs" with regard to their idiocy and worthlessness. Verse 7:179 says they are like "cattle" only worse.

  10. QUESTION:
    Nonbelievers, why are you set against religion?
    This is just out of curiosity. I would like to know what puts you off from beliving in God. Is it because you can't see or touch, therefore He couldn't possibly be real? Or is it because someone other then you is in control of your life? Is it because religious people hound you about going to hell? You get the drift...

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not at all troubled by belief in a supreme being.

      I just wish that's what you worship. The deity described in the bible is too foolish to qualify.

      Because of that, religions have caused great harm to humanity. Here's the short list:

      The Crusades.
      The Inquisition.
      Witch trials in Europe and America.
      The Divine right of Kings (valid until killed by another Divinely-appointed King).
      Missionaries destroying/converting smaller, "heathen" religions and cultures.
      The demonization of other religions, e.g. Christianity demonizing Pagans ("They're devil-worshippers!"), the Romans demonizing Christians ("They're atheists and cannibals!").
      Persecution of Heretics - e.g. Galileo for daring to suggest that the Earth orbits the Sun.
      Children dying because their parents refused them medical treatment on religious grounds; relying instead on faith-healers and prayer.
      Slavery, supposedly supported by scripture ("Slaves, obey your earthly masters with respect and fear, just as you would obey Christ.", St.Paul, Ephesians 6:5)
      Holy wars - followers of different faiths (or even the same faith) killing each other in the name of their (benevolent, loving and merciful) gods.
      The destruction of great works of art considered to be pornographic/blasphemous, and the persecution of the artists.
      Censorship (often destructive) of speech, art, books, music, films, poetry, songs and, if possible, thought.
      Persecution/punishment of blasphemers (Salman Rushdie still has a death sentence on him), and blasphemy laws in general.
      The requirement of theism in order to stand for public office or to testify in court.
      Serial killers believing they are doing the work of Satan (or sometimes Jesus).
      Often-fatal exorcisms by priests believing they are destroying the work of Satan.
      People suffering dreadful injury or death in the belief that their faith has made them invulnerable (e.g. people climbing into lion enclosures at zoos, with a Bible as protection).
      Whole societies divided by minor differences in belief or doctrine, often resulting in violence.
      Mass suicides of cult-members following a charismatic leader who believes the world is about to End (most recently, the Heaven's Gate and Solar Temple cults).
      The attempted genocide of followers of a particular faith (e.g. the Jewish Holocaust, "ethnic cleansing" in former Yugoslavia).
      Blood sacrifices to appease the Gods, or to ensure a good harvest. (The Aztecs made daily human sacrifices to ensure that the Sun would rise. Or did they? )
      The practice of "female circumcision" (more accurately termed genital mutilation).
      The discouragement of rational, critical thought (resulting in young-earth creationists, for example).
      Uncontrolled population growth caused (or at least helped) by churches prohibiting birth-control and abortion. (You can also add : unwanted pregnancies, ill-fated forced marriages, and pregnant teenagers condemned to a life in mental institutions to avoid embarrassing their families.)
      The spread of sexually transmitted diseases (e.g. AIDS) due to churches prohibiting the use of condoms.
      Believers whipping, impaling, poisoning or crucifying themselves during religious festivals as a demonstration of their faith and piety.
      Suicide bombers taught to believe that martyrs go straight to Paradise.
      The indoctrination of children into the religion of their parents, giving them an arbitrary, life-long belief that is almost entirely dependent on their place of birth.
      Women treated as second-class citizens or even slaves (article : Islam's Shame).
      Pentecostal snake-handlers (Augusta Chronicle news article)
      Persecution of homosexuals (Genocide of gay and lesbian youth)
      Abuse of power, authority and trust by religious leaders (for financial gain or sexual abuse of followers and even children).
      Minor religions ("cults") stockpiling weapons to defend themselves from the Armies Of Satan (i.e. the police and the government).

  11. QUESTION:
    Is cancer a vitamin deficiency disease?
    is this a conspiracy? if you dont know what im talking about see this film called "a world without cancer" on youtube.. im very skeptical about this, but i would like to see what you guys think.
    if you guys would elaborate more on your answers would be much appreciated

    • ANSWER:
      There is NO conspiracy, only profit seeking and abuse of knowledge. The current cancer treatments are terrible and after 100 years of research the best they can come up with is chemotherapy that is so ineffective, a sugar pill works better and in many cases the chemo causes cancer to spread.

      In 1989, a German biostatistician, Ulrich Abel PhD, after publishing dozens of papers on cancer chemotherapy, wrote a monograph "Chemotherapy of Advanced Epithelial Cancer." It was later published in a shorter form in a peer-reviewed medical journal. Dr. Abel presented a comprehensive analysis of clinical trials and publications representing over 3,000 articles examining the value of cytotoxic chemotherapy on advanced epithelial cancer. Epithelial cancer is the type of cancer we are most familiar with. It arises from epithelium found in the lining of body organs such as breast, prostate, lung, stomach, or bowel.

      From these sites cancer usually infiltrates into adjacent tissue and spreads to bone, liver, lung, or the brain. With his exhaustive review Dr. Abel concludes that there is no direct evidence that chemotherapy prolongs survival in patients with advanced carcinoma. He said that in small-cell lung cancer and perhaps ovarian cancer the therapeutic benefit is only slight. Dr. Abel goes on to say, "Many oncologists take it for granted that response to therapy prolongs survival, an opinion which is based on a fallacy and which is not supported by clinical studies."

      Over a decade after Dr. Abel’s exhaustive review of chemotherapy, there seems no decrease in its use for advanced carcinoma. For example, when conventional chemotherapy and radiation has not worked to prevent metastases in breast cancer, high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) along with stem-cell transplant (SCT) is the treatment of choice. However, in March 2000, results from the largest multi-center randomized controlled trial conducted thus far showed that, compared to a prolonged course of monthly conventional-dose chemotherapy, HDC and SCT were of no benefit. There was even a slightly lower survival rate for the HDC/SCT group. And the authors noted that serious adverse effects occurred more often in the HDC group than the standard-dose group. There was one treatment-related death (within 100 days of therapy) in the HDC group, but none in the conventional chemotherapy group. The women in this trial were highly selected as having the best chance to respond.

      There is also no all-encompassing follow-up study like Dr. Abel’s that tells us if there is any improvement in cancer-survival statistics since 1989. In fact, we need to research whether chemotherapy itself is responsible for secondary cancers instead of progression of the original disease. We need to continue questioning why well-researched alternative cancer treatments aren’t used.

      Each cancer patient is worth between 0,000 and million dollars to the industry. That is quite the incentive to keep status quo.

      Infection is what causes about 99% of all cancers. The B-17 laetrile has been beat up and pounded down very effectively. The primary thing to consider is that if you put a cancer into a healthy person with a good immune system, they will not get that cancer. The reason? The person's immune system gets rid of it. This shows that good immunity and getting rid of infections while focusing on good health through good nutrition and detoxing is primary to preventing cancer. Yet, what does the medical industry do? They POISON the body and destroy the immune system to "CURE" cancer with highly poisonous chemicals? And at an enormous cost. It may be that we need to re-visit the definition of a quack. Just because a lot of high tech machinery, exotic chemicals and clean white suits are promoting this as credible doesn't mean it is. The facts are what they are.

      Taking vitamins can also be a problem because many of the vitamins on the market are junk and can actually damage the DNA. It's not the vitamins, but the way they are produced and the source used to make them. We all need vitamins and our food supply is about as close to garbage as one can get. So few nutrients in our foods and lots of poisons that promote infections in the body. I know of only 1 or 2 manufacturers of vitamins that are truly good and work to nourish the body as advertised. It's not easy to be healthy in America.

      EDIT: "Chemo-Angel" 1,000 units of good vitamin D3 is very inadequate and the recommended amount according to recent research is about 10,000 units if you have cancer.

      EDIT: "Nevada Smith" The China Study is a very biased film that leaves out lots of facts and promotes the agenda that we should not eat meat and dairy. It is a VEGAN agenda that is promoting NON TRUTHS by using some truths to generalize their agenda.

  12. QUESTION:
    Tips inviting for Conducting Reality Contests?
    I would like to conduct a bridal show! What all are the main concern for the show? Please be brief

    • ANSWER:
      I gone through to various sites to give the best outcome. I am sharing below mentioned article with you. Hope you get some help from this.

      1 - Come up with a million-dollar idea. Think: "Wouldn't it be great if . . ." Let your concept sit for a while, then finesse it until it feels right. Decide if it's a half-hour show or a full hour.

      2 - Outline at least two sample episodes. Writing up additional episode ideas proves the show has legs. They can each be just a few pages long.

      3 - Develop the treatment. Paint a picture of what the show's all about in a thesis statement. Entice your readers, but make the treatment as straightforward and clear as possible.

      4 - Identify your audience in the treatment. The single most important element of a successful show is to judge accurately what the market is buying. Is your show the next "Queer Eye for the Straight Guy"? Articulate very clearly which market you're targeting, on which channel, and for which demographic group. For example, "You said that you are going to create a bridal show so you should take care of your targeted audience like adult (male & female) between 18 to 38 age group, working women, housewives etc"

      5 - Decide if your idea is a high- or low-concept show. High-concept shows have a twist, a hybrid element that has never been done before.

      6 - Shop your concept around. Since networks won't buy easily, pitch your idea to a production company, an agent or even a hot talent (host). Make a verbal pitch, but use any visual aids--photos, a short clip that you filmed, storyboards-- that would help explain why yours is the next hot show.

      7 - Take a deep breath if the network decides to develop a pilot: You've made it to the next step. Since the network is a vast animal with many parts, a 10- to 25-minute teaser tape (a pilot presentation) may be filmed to pitch it within the network or to show its syndicators. If a network decides to develop a full pilot, you may be asked to rework it--several times even (and possibly on your own dime).

  13. QUESTION:
    how to write a reality pilot?
    how do you go about doing it are getting it started?

    • ANSWER:
      Come up with a million-dollar idea. Think: "Wouldn't it be great if . . ." Let your concept sit for a while, then finesse it until it feels right. Decide if it's a half-hour show or a full hour.
      # 2

      Outline at least two sample episodes. Writing up additional episode ideas proves the show has legs. They can each be just a few pages long.
      # 3

      Develop the treatment. Paint a picture of what the show's all about in a thesis statement. Entice your readers, but make the treatment as straightforward and clear as possible.
      # 4

      Identify your audience in the treatment. The single most important element of a successful show is to judge accurately what the market is buying. Is your show the next "Queer Eye for the Straight Guy"? Articulate very clearly which market you're targeting, on which channel, and for which demographic group. For example, say "this is an organizing and makeover show on TLC geared to adults ages 24 to 64."
      # 5

      Decide if your idea is a high- or low-concept show. High-concept shows have a twist, a hybrid element that has never been done before. So although surrounding an eligible bachelor with 25 young women who have absolutely no self-respect is not new, abandoning the whole gang in a snow cave with only shotguns to get food and then seeing who wins the guy would be. Lowconcept means the show is straightforward without a twist, such as "The New Yankee Workshop."
      # 6

      Shop your concept around. Since networks won't buy from some Joe Schmoe, pitch your idea to a production company, an agent or even a hot talent (host): If you're peddling better buns in 30 days, you'll want Kathy Smith on board. Make a verbal pitch, but use any visual aids--photos, a short clip that you filmed, storyboards-- that would help explain why yours is the next hot show.
      # 7

      Take a deep breath if the network decides to develop a pilot: You've made it to the next step. Since the network is a vast animal with many parts, a 10- to 25-minute teaser tape (a pilot presentation) may be filmed to pitch it within the network or to show its syndicators. If a network decides to develop a full pilot, you may be asked to rework it--several times even (and possibly on your own dime).
      # 8

      Congratulate yourself if your series gets picked up. Now comes the real work of developing a budget and preparing for production. And . . . action!

      Answer By Soniya From N.Y.C
      I am Happy to give you answer as today i have won an apple ipad 2 100% free
      Visit at ( freeappleipad2 (dot)co(dot)Tv

  14. QUESTION:
    Is it better to have a UV filter or a Polarizer filter on a digital SLR?

    • ANSWER:
      Polarizers cause too much light loss to be left on the lens all the time. They have their use, but not as an all-purpose protective filter.

      If you're as ham fisted as I am, a UV filter is invaluable as a means of keeping nasty fingerprints off the front elements of lenses. Also, since I use prime lenses and am constantly changing lenses, a UV filter allows me to just shove a lens back into the bag without having to fumble around with the front cap.

      With that said, though, UV filters have absolutely no effect on the image when used with a digital camera, as Dr. Sam's example photo so nicely illustrates. There are two reasons for this.

      1. Unlike film, which is very UV sensitive, digital sensors(both CCD and CMOS) have virtually no UV sensitivity. Thus, if there is any UV reaching the sensor, it's not likely to be recorded.

      2. Glass is generally virtually opaque to UV even without any special treatment, so lenses themselves generally won't let through very much light. In particular, most lenses will block any light with a wavelength shorter than 350nm. Since 400nm is the aproximate cutoff for visible light, only UV radiation in the 350nm-400nm(near UV) range could reach the CCD or film.

      In any case, if you're shooting film and at high altitudes where there is more UV, please see the below link for information regarding the effectiveness of various UV filters on the market. To make a long story short, though, the Tiffen HAZE-1 filter is the most effective filter at blocking light in the 350nm-400nm range.

  15. QUESTION:
    Who was marlon brando and when/why did he die?
    please i need a short summary asap.

    • ANSWER:
      April 3, 1924 – July 1, 2004

      He was an Academy Award winning actor.

      In his younger years, he was a sex symbol and very much in demand. He was considered the prime example of a "method actor"

      His Most famous films include:

      A Streetcar Named Desire
      The Wild One
      On The Waterfront
      The Godfather
      Last Tango in Paris
      Apocalypse Now

      He had a colorful, scandal filled life. He was a civil rights crusader for awhile, and refused an Oscar to protest the treatment of Native Americans. He bought his own island, was married multiple times. One son of his was arrested for murdering his daughter's boyfriend; the daughter later committed suicide.

      Overweight for much of his later life, he died at the age of 80 from a variety of health ailments.

      By the way, have you tried looking at wikipedia?

  16. QUESTION:
    How is this for a short film treatment?
    Please give me some feedback on my draft copy of my short film's treatment.
    I need it finalised by tomorrow! Thanks :)

    Treatment

    A few panorama shots of Hamilton city are shown from several angles, followed by a shot of the hospital. Inside the hospital is a brightly lit room with one patient, BLAKE JOHNSON (23) male, of average build and appearance, awaking in a hospital bed. He squints at the shock of the light. A brief shot pans the room from his point of view, looking over exposed due to his sensitive eyes and we see THE DOCTOR average age, male, average height, grey hair, enter. The doctor explains to Blake that his kidney transplant has been fully successful, there have been no signs of complication, and that he can leave when he feels free. As the doctor is talking an indistinct silhouette moves slightly in the background behind a curtain. We see Blake is happy about this news and the shot instantly changes to a noisy outdoor atmosphere, a loud car noise is heard abruptly, as he is waiting for his ride home. A car arrives and he carefully gets in with his mother, DEBBIE (47) fairly short, reddish brown hair with a few greys, averagely wrinkled, kind face. They exchange greetings and in the back ground is a figure who is out of focus and almost unnoticeable. Blake feels uneasy and turns around and the angle changes to reveal no-one in the back seat. He turns back around with an expression of confusion and rubs his head out of exhaustion. Blake’s mother warns him to be careful while walking up the steps to their house. Blake continues to check over his shoulder every few seconds. It’s later at night and Blake is getting into bed, still checking over his shoulder his face shows that he feels unnerved. He gets into bed and starts to toss and turn. Every time he turns his blankets create a loud noise. In a darkened corner at the end of the bed the enigmatic figure stands. Blake is at Wintec, surrounded by a crowd of people. He is looking over his shoulder every few seconds and as he begins to become more paranoid his eyes grow larger and his breathing increases. Everything around him slowly goes blurry, the sound becomes muffled and his breathing gets louder. Blake is frantically looking all around himself, paranoid, and he walks off camera. The figure is revealed, following closely behind him. He is COREY HENDERSON (18) male, blood splattered face and dishevelled hair, blood soaked shirt with a hole revealing a wound, bags under his eyes and greyish pale skin. The dead guy starts to yell at Blake about how it isn’t fair that Blake got to live while he had to die, and that he is angry that Blake has his organ. Blake can’t actually see Corey but is feeling disturbed. Quick images and loud sound from the night of his murder flash on screen between every line he speaks. The last clip ends on his death and him screaming as it fades to darkness. A quick shot is shown of Blake’s house, it is night time and the moon is high. Blake is in bed trying to sleep but is tossing frantically. Corey is yelling at him from the corner of the room about how it isn’t fair. The camera pans until he is out of shot then he appears back in shot from the other side of the screen, still yelling abuse at Blake. Blake sits up instantly and gasps before the camera pans to show Corey is now on his bed, glaring at him right in front of his face. Blake jumps out of bed and frantically starts looking around the room, darting his head in every direction to find the source of his unease. The music in the background is of creepy, drawn out synths. Paranoia and fear drive Blake to leave the house. The door slams as Blake leaves. Blake is walking quickly down the street, still looking over his shoulder constantly. We hear him panting and breathing very heavily, his eyes are bulging out of his head and his face is that of terror as he paces down the streets. Corey is following closely behind him looking extremely angry still. Blake turns down a street and out of nowhere an ANONYMOUS MAN, of large build, wearing dark clothes and a hood shadowing his face, flies at him and shoves him to the ground. As Blake is trying to get up the anonymous man Stabs him near the same place Corey was stabbed when he was killed. Blake screams and he stabs again. Fast paced horror music gradually builds up towards Blake’s stabbing fades out after it is over. Corey is in the background watching in shock and his expression turns sympathetic as he holds his own wound. The anonymous man steals Blake’s wallet and leaves runs away. Corey kneels down closely to Blake and feels dismally about what he has caused. Blake’s eyes are glazed over he isn’t moving. The screen fades to black. The screen fades back in and Blake awakes in the hospital again with an IV in his arm. The doctor enters and explains that he was very lucky to have survived the attack and says that he must have had a guardian angel looking over him. Corey is now clean and dressed in all white, he
    he is standing at the head of Blake’s bed with a smile. Now his guardian angel.
    Yeah, I've noticed a few minor mistakes already. Please, someone tell me if I'm doing the right thing, setting it out right etc.

    • ANSWER:
      It's kind of hard to read and follow but that's probably because you don't want to put paragraphs in your description to save space.

      You should focus on telling the story in a treatment. You have too many camera directions. That should be left to the director. Don't tell the director what to do when you should only be telling the story. Only when it is absolutely necessary to the story or the gag, should you include camera direction, editing direction, or even music. For example, "Blake shuts his eyes, we fade to black, TITLE CARD READS: "3 days later". We fade in to Blake in the hospital..." or "Blake plays the air guitar. HEAVY METAL MUSIC is heard while he jams away".

      I would take out all unnecessary camera directions and try to get the feel of the story across even deeper. So you can take out "A few panorama shots of Hamilton city are shown from several angles" and replace with something like "We open on Hamilton City. It is the usual rundown neighborhood..." (BTW Panorama shots are called "long wide" in film)

      So your camera directions are pretty much my biggest complaint. Remember, the treatment should be read more like a book. The script is where you get into all the details.

      Oh and the story was interesting too.

  17. QUESTION:
    what is electro shock therapy ?
    I am curious about electro shock therapy and wondered how it is performed and what are the effects. Does it really work?

    • ANSWER:
      Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a controversial medical treatment involving the induction of a seizure in a patient by passing electricity through the brain. Patients with any of several conditions often show dramatic short-term improvement after the procedure. While the majority of psychiatrists believe that properly administered ECT is a safe and effective treatment for some conditions, a vocal minority of psychiatrists, former patients, antipsychiatry activists, and others strongly criticize the procedure as extremely harmful to patients' subsequent mental state.[1]

      ECT was introduced as a treatment for schizophrenia in the 1930s, and soon became a common treatment for neurologically based disorders affecting mood. In the early days of use, ECT was administered without anaesthesia or muscle relaxants. Patients were frequently injured as a side effect of the induced seizure. ECT without anaesthesia is referred to as "unmodified ECT", or "direct ECT", and is illegal in most countries. Currently, in most countries, patients are first administered an anaesthetic agent as well as a paralytic agent, significantly reducing the chances of injury seen in unmodified ECT.

      ECT was a common psychiatric treatment until the late 20th century, when it fell into disuse as better drug therapies became available for more conditions. It is now reserved for severe cases of refractory depression in such illnesses as clinical depression (unipolar depression) and the depression associated with bipolar disorder. When still in common use, ECT was sometimes abused by unethical mental health professionals as a means of punishing and controlling unruly or uncooperative patients. Many people came to view ECT unfavorably after negative depictions of it in several books and films, and the treatment is still controversial.

      Techniques and Equipment
      The original ECT machines used alternating sinusoidal mains current at a frequency of 50 or 60 Hz transformed down to 70-150 volts. Electrodes were applied bilaterally (one on either side of the head) and stimulus duration was usually 0.1 to 0.5 seconds. The machines were constant voltage and the amount of current delivered depended on the impedance of the patient's head. A current of 300 milliamps was typical. In the early 1940s, in an attempt to reduce the memory disturbance and confusion associated with treatment, two modifications were introduced: the use of unilateral electrode placement (with both electrodes on the non-dominant side of the head) and the replacement of sinusoidal current with brief pulse. It took many years for these modifications to be widely adopted and even today they are not universally used.[13] In the USA and the UK for example, bilateral electrode placement is still used more commonly than unilateral, with many psychiatrists finding bilateral more effective and easier to use although there is widespread agreement that it causes more memory loss than unilateral. A survey of psychiatric facilities in the New York City metropolitan area in 1997 found that approximately 11 per cent of ECT patients received sine-wave stimulation and approximately 75 per cent of patients were treated with bilateral electrode placement.[14] Typically, with modern brief-pulse constant current machines a patient may receive a stimulus of 750 milliamps lasting 1-6 seconds. Voltage depends on impedance up to a maximum of 225. Pulsewidth is 2.2 milliseconds, at a frequency of 30-70 Hz.[15]

      Stimulus dosing, where the stimulus is adjusted to an individual patient's seizure threshold, is a more recent modification.[16] Although the research leading to its development dates back to Sweden in the 1950s and 1960s, its use has only been recommended since 1990 and some clinics still give all their patients the same dose.[17] Seizure threshold can only be determined by trial and error ("dose titration"). Some psychiatrists compromise between fixed dose and dose titration by roughly estimating a patient's threshold according to age and sex. The appropriate levels of stimulation are generally thought to be about one-and-a-half to twice threshold level for bilateral ECT and higher than this for unilateral. Below these levels treatment may not be effective in spite of a seizure, while doses massively above threshold level, especially with bilateral ECT, expose patients to the risk of more severe cognitive impairment without additional therapeutic gains.

      [edit] Side effects and complications

      [edit] Side-effect profile
      Much of the accepted risk of ECT arises from the use of general anesthesia; there is considerable disagreement about other risks. The most common adverse effects are confusion and retrograde memory loss for events surrounding the period of ECT treatment, and generalised but mild muscle aches after waking. Some of the confusion and disorientation seen on awakening after ECT clears soon after.

      More persistent memory problems are variable and difficult to quantify. Most typical with standard, bilateral ECT has been a loss of memories for the time of the ECT series and extending back for an average of 6 months, combined with impairment in learning new information, which continues for perhaps 2 months after ECT.[18] No long-term (six months post-ECT or more) studies of cognition, memory ability, and memory loss have been done in the past two decades, but some long-term studies before this reported permanent amnesia,[19][20] although others found problems were gone by seven months after ECT.[21] Calev (1994) surveyed the literature and concluded that patients must be warned of possible non-memory cognitive deficits, as "they are not going to function well on more tasks than they anticipate".[22] At least a third of ECT patients have some permanent memory loss, according to a systematic review in 2003.[23] Formal neuropsychological testing has documented permanent neuropsychological deficits in ECT patients,[24] including an IQ loss of more than 30 points in one.[25] The degree of impairment and resulting impact on functioning vary between individuals.[26] Critics of ECT believe that there is enough evidence that patients' memories can be permanently and severely damaged to justify a moratorium, at least until more research has been done into its effects on the brain.

      Many early studies from the 1940s, 1950s, and early 1960s indicated that ECT was associated with brain abnormalities.[27] However, other authors such as Sackeim (1994) and Weiner (1984)[28] dismiss the work done in the 1940s and 1950s, pointing out that today's ECT is different. This is supported by the changes in procedure in the 1960s, by the far more effective imaging techniques used today to assess brain damage, by the fact that very few of the earlier studies were prospective, and by the fact that many were post hoc accounts of single patients rather than clinical trials.[29] Of the case studies which have not found brain changes after ECT, perhaps the most persuasive is a patient who had received more than 1250 bilateral ECT treatments and whose brain was in perfectly good health when she died at 89.[30] The recent work assessing the consequences of seizures has found no evidence that they cause brain damage,[31] with prospective studies appearing to confirm this.[32]

      However, critics argue that the differences might make the procedure more damaging, not less. Anesthesia and muscle-paralyzing drugs increase the risks of the procedure and thus its mortality rate.[33] The claim that oxygenation prevents brain damage and thus makes some earlier studies irrelevant is disputed, for example, Sackheim[34] does not always oxygenate his patients: "They don't turn blue", so earlier studies in which animals are not oxygenated might still be relevant. Against this is evidence from more sensitive modern imaging studies, and the evidence from those suffering from epileptic fits of comparable duration to those provoked by ECT, who do not suffer hypoxic brain injury. In addition, while early ECT devices were less powerful than those of today,[35] causing opponents of ECT to suggest that today's machines might be more likely to cause brain damage than those used in the early studies, research has shown that the amount of electricity which reaches the brain tissue is significantly below the intensity and duration which would cause damage.[36]

      There is more recent work noting brain abnormalities in those who have had ECT. Colon & Notermans found changes in nuclear volume in the cortex, but without loss of neurons.[37] Calloway et al. found an association with frontal lobe atrophy and ECT on a retrospective review of scans[38] , and accordingly did not claim these were caused by ECT (many schizophrenics, for instance, have abnormal brain anatomy as part of their condition,[39][40][41][42] and brain changes have also been found in depressive patients[43] ). Diehl et al. in a study of six patients found significant post-ECT T2 increases in the right and left thalamus consistent with a post-ECT increase in brain water content.[44] Dolan et al. found that a past history of treatment by electroconvulsive therapy was associated with greater sulcal widening in the parietal and occipital areas, although again they did not suggest this was due to ECT.[43] Accordingly, while some practitioners may fail to adhere to accepted guidelines for administering ECT, no studies since anesthesia and oxygenation were introduced as standard practice have shown that they cause any damage, despite the much better imaging currently available.

      In addition to the physiological effects, ECT may also have adverse psychological effects, counterproductive to its commonly stated goal. These effects may include post-traumatic stress disorder. Instances of such a case have been recorded by David Armstrong.[45]

      Psychologist John Breeding has highlighted what he regards as the psychological effects of ECT, particularly:

      1) Suppression of emerging distress material
      2) Suppression of ability to heal by emotional release;
      3) Creation of emotional distress, including deep feelings of terror and powerlessness;
      4) Promotion of human beings in the roles of victims and passive dependents of medical professionals;
      5) Confirmation of patients' belief that there is something really wrong with them (shame)."[46]
      Breeding regards psychiatric illness as the product of unresolved psychic conflict, often due to abuse, and feels that the correct treatment for such problems is to bring out this underlying conflict, and has compared the experience of those who have undergone ECT to that of Holocaust survivors.

      The decision to use ECT must be evaluated by each individual, weighing the potential benefits and known risks of all available, appropriate treatments in the context of informed consent,[47] free of coercion and veiled threats. Studies in 2004 and 2005 showed that half of ECT patients did not feel that they could refuse the treatment.[48]

      Learn more:
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electroconvulsive_therapy

      http://www.electroboy.com/electroshocktherapy.htm

  18. QUESTION:
    what causes a vertigo spell, other than the ear ?

    • ANSWER:
      Vertigo: Its Causes and Treatment

      Huai Y. Cheng, M.D.

      Dr. Cheng is Geriatric Fellow, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Saint Louis University, Health Sciences Center, St. Louis, MO. Dr. Cheng reports no commercial conflict of interest.

      A 76-year-old man went to the hospital complaining that he had experienced vertigo for three years and that it had gotten worse in the last two to three months. What he meant by vertigo, he explained, was a sensation of "things in the house spinning," along with nausea lasting less than a minute. He felt fine if he stayed in bed and did not move. He did not have slurred speech, weakness of extremities or any other symptoms that might point to a neurological or brain problem.

      He was first diagnosed with Meniere's syndrome, a mysterious disorder that causes severe vertigo, hearing loss and a ringing or other sensation in the ears. He was treated with the drug Diazide®. After that, everything had been fine until the past few months, when he had several new attacks of the same symptoms, but with more severe nausea and vomiting. He was now afraid that he was about to have another attack.

      A series of tests revealed that instead of Meniere's Disease, the man was actually suffering from another illness called Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo, or BPPV. Meniere's Disease and BPPV are the two most common causes of vertigo. While one can be mistaken for the other, as in this example, they are different diseases with different symptoms and different treatments.

      What Is Vertigo?
      Vertigo is not a disease in itself, but rather a symptom that can have any number of causes. The famous Alfred Hitchcock film notwithstanding, a fear of heights is not normally one of them. Vertigo is defined in Webster's dictionary as a feeling "in which the external world seems to revolve around the individual or in which the individual seems to revolve in space."2 Occurring without warning, it comes and goes unpredictably and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and problems with equilibrium. Mild episodes may feel more like a rocking sensation or mere light-headedness.

      Common Causes of Vertigo

      Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
      Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the kind that was mistaken for Meniere's Disease in the above example, is one of the most common types of vertigo. It has many causes, not all of which are well understood. The most popular current theory is that it is usually caused by free-floating calcium carbonate crystals in an area of the inner ear called the posterior semicircular canal, which is part of the vestibular system.

      The vestibular system, located in and around the ear, is responsible for integrating what we see, hear and feel with head and body movement. In short, it controls our body's sense of equilibrium. More specifically, the vestibular system works by monitoring head movement and then sending this information to organs inside the ear, which then relay the information to the brain.

      Our ears play an essential part in this process. The inner ear contains an area called the labyrinth, in which are found three semicircular canals; these canals are surrounded by a special fluid. The canals' function is to transmit information about head movement to the vestibular nerve. This nerve passes the information along to the areas of the brain that control bodily coordination.

      People with BPPV feel lightheaded. The lightheadedness is is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sweating and a skin pallor. It usually comes on suddenly and goes away in less than 30 seconds.

      BPPV can be brought on by a sudden change in body position, such as turning over in bed or getting in and out of bed. Many people have only a single passing bout of BPPV but, for some, BPPV returns unexpectedly.

      Meniere's Syndrome
      Meniere's syndrome is another common cause of vertigo. Characterized by deafness, ringing in the ears and occasional vertigo,9,11 its cause is unknown. People with Meniere's get a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear, followed by hearing loss in one ear, which is soon followed by vertigo. The vertigo builds in intensity over several hours and is sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The hearing loss gradually becomes total, at which point the vertigo begins to go away until it finally disappears.

      Less Common Causes
      There are many less common causes of vertigo. These include stroke, brain tumors, low blood pressure, heart arrhythmias, multiple sclerosis and migraine headache. Many prescription and non-prescription drugs can cause dizziness or vertigo. In some susceptible people, cold and flu medicines, painkillers, as well as treatments for high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, depression and anxiety can produce lightheadedness and dizziness.

      Non-Surgical Treatments for BPPV
      The most reliable treatment for BPPV is a fairly simple, non-surgical procedure called canalith repositioning.12 This is done by changing the patient's head and body position in a series of steps that are thought to dislodge the calcium crystals within the vestibular labyrinth that caused the problem.

      Canalith repositioning is usually done under expert supervision, but it is easy enough that doctors often teach it to BPPV sufferers and their families.

      Many doctors also prescribe drugs called vestibular suppressants. Because of unwanted side effects, such as lethargy and impaired balance, they are given sparingly and only for more severe and long-lasting attacks. The elderly are particularly sensitive to these side effects.

      Another concern about these drugs is that they may slow or prevent the central nervous system from adjusting to a problem in the vestibular system. While vetibular suppressants often help lessen symptoms, especially in the short term, surgery is the ultimate answer for the unlucky few with severe BPPV-related vertigo that does not respond to the canalith repositioning procedure.13

      Treating Meniere's
      The treatments for Meniere's disease are generally not as effective as those for BPPV. Severe attacks are treated with vestibular suppressant drugs; in between, Meniere's symptoms are often controlled by reducing salt intake and by taking diuretic drugs, which reduce the amount of fluids in the body.

      For similar reasons, people with Meniere's should avoid alcohol, coffee, chocolate and other foods that are high in sugar or salt. As with BPPV, surgery is a last resort.

      Conclusion
      Vertigo is not a disease but a symptom that can have many causes. The most common are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and Meniere's disease, which for most people can be treated and controlled without surgery. The best treatment for BPPV, a simple, non-surgical procedure called canalith repositioning, is easy to perform; both sufferers and their families can be trained to do it. Another option, vestibular suppressants drugs, has serious side effects and should be used very cautiously.

      When should you seek medical help?

      The answer is that anyone with recurring or severe dizziness or vertigo should see a doctor. Most of the time, the most serious cause will be BPPV or Meniere's, both of which can be treated and controlled with drugs and other non-surgical therapy. It is particularly urgent, however, to seek medical treatment if the dizziness or vertigo occurs together with one or more of the following symptoms, which can be a sign of a more serious underlying heath problem:
      Severe or "different" headache
      Blurred vision
      Hearing loss
      Speech problems
      Weakness in a leg or arm
      Fainting
      Problems walking
      Numbness or tingling
      Chest pain or changes in heart rate

  19. QUESTION:
    Best movie interpretation of Hamlet?
    I know this is more of a movie question than a book question, but I'm interested in literary interpretations vs movie geek thoughts.

    Last night, the Kenneth Branagh adaptation of Hamlet was on television...I hadn't seen it in a few years (and missed the opening half hour) but managed to watch the rest and was pleasantly impressed at its thoroughness. Many people didn't like it though because of its length (by far the longest movie adaptation I remember).

    I don't think you can get give Hamlet a proper treatment cutting out too much. I know the Mel Gibson version was quite popular, but the text was hacked up quite a bit.

    There was also an Ethan Hawke modern day interpretation (set in New York)...that one was just....strange.

    We can't forget Sir Laurence Olivier's interpretation, but that one's from another era and seems -- by today's standards -- a bit overly dramatic and "froofy" (can I get away with saying that about Olivier?).

    Anyway, just wondering if anyone has any thoughts.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm an English prof who occasionally teaches film, and I really enjoy the Mel Gibson version. Now, before everyone flips out and calls me a bad scholar, let me say the following:

      --Mel Gibson, as a dude, is nuts, and I don't like him.
      --Yes, the Gibson Hamlet cuts out a solid third of the play, eliminating the Fortinbras stuff, etc.

      BUT... I still love it. Here's why:
      --Production design is accurate and gritty, which gives it a moodiness that other versions lack. (Branagh's, for example, is too over the top.)
      --Mel Gibson's performance is fan TAS tic. It's very easy to overdo or under-do Hamlet, because actors' egos can get in the way. (Only a big ego wants the role.) Gibson gets at the angst and grief of the young prince, really screams and gnashes his teeth. But he also has FUN with it, which few actors do effectively. Hamlet is a funny guy, but that humor requires careful control. He's bitter, which makes his jokes even better if the performance isn't too full of bluster. Hamlet can't be a quiet brooder, nor can he be an overdressed drama queen. Gibson finds the balance.
      --Superior supporting cast. Unbelievably good, classically trained actors in the background. For example, I think the guy who plays Laertes now runs the Globe Theatre. The list goes on an on... all of them are just phenomenal.
      --It's the most accessible. Because it's shorter and cuts out the confusing political stuff, I think the Gibson version can appeal to unbaptized viewers. I often show my freshmen this film, and they actually get the jokes, understand the pain, and, occasionally, HEAR the lines. Any other Shakespeare movie just sounds like a lot of "forsooth"s.

      As for that awful Ethan Hawke version, I can't abide it. Hamlet's Ghost first appears in front of a soda machine. Because he's a ghost, they make him translucent in the film, which means that the slain king has "Pepsi" written across his chest!!! No, no, no.

      Branagh's Shakespearean interpretations have been very good over the years, but Hamlet's not his best.

      Thanks for asking such an intelligent question!!!

  20. QUESTION:
    what does it mean when your sooo dizzy?
    what does it mean when you wake up your extremly dizzy as if you were drunk but your not

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like vertigo to me.......
      What Is Vertigo?
      Vertigo is not a disease in itself, but rather a symptom that can have any number of causes. The famous Alfred Hitchcock film notwithstanding, a fear of heights is not normally one of them. Vertigo is defined in Webster's dictionary as a feeling "in which the external world seems to revolve around the individual or in which the individual seems to revolve in space."2 Occurring without warning, it comes and goes unpredictably and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and problems with equilibrium. Mild episodes may feel more like a rocking sensation or mere light-headedness.

      Common Causes of Vertigo

      Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
      Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the kind that was mistaken for Meniere's Disease in the above example, is one of the most common types of vertigo. It has many causes, not all of which are well understood. The most popular current theory is that it is usually caused by free-floating calcium carbonate crystals in an area of the inner ear called the posterior semicircular canal, which is part of the vestibular system.

      The vestibular system, located in and around the ear, is responsible for integrating what we see, hear and feel with head and body movement. In short, it controls our body's sense of equilibrium. More specifically, the vestibular system works by monitoring head movement and then sending this information to organs inside the ear, which then relay the information to the brain.

      Our ears play an essential part in this process. The inner ear contains an area called the labyrinth, in which are found three semicircular canals; these canals are surrounded by a special fluid. The canals' function is to transmit information about head movement to the vestibular nerve. This nerve passes the information along to the areas of the brain that control bodily coordination.

      People with BPPV feel lightheaded. The lightheadedness is is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sweating and a skin pallor. It usually comes on suddenly and goes away in less than 30 seconds.

      BPPV can be brought on by a sudden change in body position, such as turning over in bed or getting in and out of bed. Many people have only a single passing bout of BPPV but, for some, BPPV returns unexpectedly.

      Meniere's Syndrome
      Meniere's syndrome is another common cause of vertigo. Characterized by deafness, ringing in the ears and occasional vertigo,9,11 its cause is unknown. People with Meniere's get a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear, followed by hearing loss in one ear, which is soon followed by vertigo. The vertigo builds in intensity over several hours and is sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The hearing loss gradually becomes total, at which point the vertigo begins to go away until it finally disappears.

      Less Common Causes
      There are many less common causes of vertigo. These include stroke, brain tumors, low blood pressure, heart arrhythmias, multiple sclerosis and migraine headache. Many prescription and non-prescription drugs can cause dizziness or vertigo. In some susceptible people, cold and flu medicines, painkillers, as well as treatments for high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, depression and anxiety can produce lightheadedness and dizziness.

      Non-Surgical Treatments for BPPV
      The most reliable treatment for BPPV is a fairly simple, non-surgical procedure called canalith repositioning..12 This is done by changing the patient's head and body position in a series of steps that are thought to dislodge the calcium crystals within the vestibular labyrinth that caused the problem.

      Canalith repositioning is usually done under expert supervision, but it is easy enough that doctors often teach it to BPPV sufferers and their families.

      Many doctors also prescribe drugs called vestibular suppressants. Because of unwanted side effects, such as lethargy and impaired balance, they are given sparingly and only for more severe and long-lasting attacks. The elderly are particularly sensitive to these side effects.

      Another concern about these drugs is that they may slow or prevent the central nervous system from adjusting to a problem in the vestibular system. While vetibular suppressants often help lessen symptoms, especially in the short term, surgery is the ultimate answer for the unlucky few with severe BPPV-related vertigo that does not respond to the canalith repositioning procedure.13

      Treating Meniere's
      The treatments for Meniere's disease are generally not as effective as those for BPPV. Severe attacks are treated with vestibular suppressant drugs; in between, Meniere's symptoms are often controlled by reducing salt intake and by taking diuretic drugs, which reduce the amount of fluids in the body.

      For similar reasons, people with Meniere's should avoid alcohol, coffee, chocolate and other foods that are high in sugar or salt. As with BPPV, surgery is a last resort.

      Conclusion
      Vertigo is not a disease but a symptom that can have many causes. The most common are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and Meniere's disease, which for most people can be treated and controlled without surgery. The best treatment for BPPV, a simple, non-surgical procedure called canalith repositioning, is easy to perform; both sufferers and their families can be trained to do it. Another option, vestibular suppressants drugs, has serious side effects and should be used very cautiously.

      When should you seek medical help?

      The answer is that anyone with recurring or severe dizziness or vertigo should see a doctor. Most of the time, the most serious cause will be BPPV or Meniere's, both of which can be treated and controlled with drugs and other non-surgical therapy. It is particularly urgent, however, to seek medical treatment if the dizziness or vertigo occurs together with one or more of the following symptoms, which can be a sign of a more serious underlying heath problem:
      Severe or "different" headache
      Blurred vision
      Hearing loss
      Speech problems
      Weakness in a leg or arm
      Fainting
      Problems walking
      Numbness or tingling
      Chest pain or changes in heart rate

  21. QUESTION:
    Paramedic procedure tips needed for short film...?
    I'm writing a short film about a paramedic haunted
    by an error/mishap early in his career and needed a little help.
    I've been stuck trying to figure out this specific scene for days
    but can't find anything in my research that could help.
    Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

    What would be the proper medical procedure for the following
    situation and more importantly what kind of lethal error could
    the paramedic do in that situation.

    The victim is bleeding heavily form an open wound on
    the neck (shrapnel from a large explosion near by) and
    the medic trying to help is off duty with only a basic medic
    kit he has in his car.

    Could there be any medication administered at wrong
    dosages intravenously or an allergic reaction to a specific medication?

    • ANSWER:
      The off duty Paramedic will not have medications in his personal kit. Medications are not normally indicated for treatment of injury.

      The Paramedic may be unable to control the bleeding, if it is severe enough. This is called an exsanguinating (check spelling) wound.

      The correct treatment of this wound is direct pressure. First with the hands (hopefully gloved) then with layered gauze dressings. You must also be cognizant of other injuries, both near to and remote from the neck wound. There is a high probability, even with an isolated wound as you describe, of trauma to the airway and spinal cord. These may cause bleeding into the mouth and lungs, and an inability to breathe spontaneously.

      There are certain products that are relatively new to the market that the Paramedic may have in his kit. For example Celox. These are used by our armed services in Iraq and A-stan. Basically, you dump the powder into the would then apply pressure. The powder soaks up the blood and causes it to clot the wound. These products have saved many lives in combat and are now being sold to civilian Medics and the general public.

      I hope this helps!

  22. QUESTION:
    PLEASE HELP ME WITH MY AUDITION?
    I'm applying for Dreyfoos School of the Arts, and my audition is very soon. I want to be a known writer when I am older, and this school has an amazing program that would really help me become a better writer. My dream is to get into this school, but I have no idea what to do for my audition. I'm trying to get into their communications department which consists of speech, debate, journalism, creative writing, computer arts, publishing, television and film production. Here is what the audition process is;

    1. Applicant will prepare and present a NEWS or FICTION STORY. Applicant will be given paper and pencil/pen as well as have access to a computer. Applicant must develop their idea in the appropriate structure, either for news or creative writing. Must be done in 45 minutes.

    Evaluation will be based on:
    Originality and creativity
    Appropriate structure for medium (news or fiction)
    Content and style
    Grammar, mechanics, word choice and usage
    Ability to convey intended message
    Ability to articulate process and intended outcome

    2. All applicants must provide one sample or excerpt of their ORIGINAL best work (e.g. short film, television feature, news article, short story, graphic design, yearbook layout, etc.). The work must be the student’s own (completely original) and must be representative of one or more areas of Communication Arts; however, it must represent a different area of Communication Arts than work they will complete during their audition. For example, if an applicant brings a video clip from an original film, he/she may not select the treatment/storyboard option during the audition. Please limit the sample work to the following format: written sample/excerpt – 1 typed page; film – maximum 3 minutes and DVD format; design / layout - 8 ½” x 11”. Any work that does not meet these criteria will not be considered. Evaluation will be based on:
    Content and Creativity
    Clear communication of intended message and purpose
    Ability to articulate process and discuss work

    3. During the interview with adjudicators, applicant will be evaluated not only on their selected work (speech, news or fiction story, or treatment and storyboard) and their sample work, but also on their communication skills during the face-to-face meeting with the panel of judges.

    I want the audition to go perfectly, because it is extremely difficult to get in. For part two, I'm going to present something that I wrote, but I don't know what to write about, simply because I don't know what type of essay or paper would showcase my writing talent best. Please help me and give me tips on what to write about. Also, if anybody has any tips on how to act when the judges interview me it would be very appreciated. Any tips for my audition would be very helpful.

    Thank you so much in advance! <3

    • ANSWER:
      seriously, I go to dreyfoos (Digital Media!!) and my second pick was communications. I thought it was easy. I'm a good writer and I have a vibrant imagination so the essay was a breeze, don't worry about it. check your grammar!! practice number 3 with your parent, and try sitting on a stool in the center of the room, make eye contact ect. My best work was a movie that I made in a tech class at bak MSOA. They seamed to like it.
      Don't stress out and just practice, have a good vocabulary to show the judges that your smart and you will do great.
      see you next year!

  23. QUESTION:
    I have a question for script writers and film directors?
    I have written a synopsis for a short film. It is supposed to be a drama.
    Here is my first little draft.

    Jeff is running away.
    He is driving his car in the middle of a very hot day. He is nervous and anxious. He gets the border US-Mexico and is about to cross it, when a female cop stops him.
    The cop asks him to open the trunk for him.
    He obeys and starts getting nervous. The trunk is a mess.
    The cop stars looking throughout the items he has there.
    Suddenly the cop turns to him and asks him:
    COP: do I know you from somewhere?
    Flashback: The eyes of Jeff. The camera zoom out very slowly and we see that his eyes are surrounded by a football helmet. He is a football player in the middle of a game.
    JEFF: Me? I dont think so...
    Flashback: Jeff running away with the football ball. Other players try to tackle him but they dont succeed. Jeff is too fast.
    COP: You look very familiar.... I am sure I have seen you before...
    JEFF: You are confusing me, sweetheart...
    The cop turns around and keep looking in the trunk.
    He finds the football t-shirt of Jeff with his name on it and with full of blood.
    The COP remembers who he is.
    Suddenly the cop turns around and grab her gun asking Jeff to freeze up and to put his hands in the air.
    Jeff doesn't obey
    -------------------------------

    What do you think? Is it interesting? Please let me know your thoughts about this . Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds interesting! Do you know where the story goes from here?

      If this is the first script you've tried your hand at have a go at a treatment first. This is just the basic story (little or no dialogue) and should be about 1 page long. That should give you clear idea if the idea is good enough, whether there are any plot holes and whether the story can be built over 1.5 to 2 hours of film before investing time in writing a full script.

      Google 'Film Treatments' for a few examples. There will almost certainly be some online for films you've already seen.

      If you want to proceed, the best piece of advice I can give you is to buy the book 'Adventures in Screenplay' by William Golding. A little dated, but some sound advice on how to turn your idea into a full script.

      Good luck!

  24. QUESTION:
    SUMMER READING: whats a movie proposal?
    i need to write a movie proposal for my summer reading book. this is the instructions :
    five paragraph essay (12-point font, double spaced, minimum of two full pages TYPED) to a movie producer trying to convince them to make your book a movie. You have to explain why the story, characters, conflict, plot and theme would make a good film. You also have to suggest a filming location and actors.

    but i still dont get it. how do i start the essay? please help me [=

    • ANSWER:
      Think about it this way, you are not writing a movie proposal or an essay. What you are actually doing, if I read your question right, is writing a Movie Treatment.

      Check with your teacher to make sure.

      A movie treatment is your idea for a big blockbuster, huge production, high dollar, big budget movie filled with the Hollywood A list, the best directors, producers and production companies shot at locations around the globe using the latest animation and CG effects.... all crammed into one page, which can grow to more pages if requested.

      A movie treatment is similar to a writers query letter to an editor or a publisher, except queries are often only from one to three short paragraphs.

      The Movie Treatment boils the basic idea of the movie down to its core, the major characters, the conflict, the setting rolled into a brief plot. Treatments also can contain things such as wish list actors, producers etc but you don't want to write a treatment for one actor that the studio head looking at treatments hates for some reason. Then your idea hits the can.

      Imaging you having to tell your best friend about the movie you saw last night in five minutes or less in a basic outline format.

      Try spending a few minutes online searching for sample movie treatments. There are plenty of examples.

      I found these two..
      http://www.bmyers.com/public/807.cfm
      http://www.movieoutline.com/articles/write_treatment.html

      Hope this helps. - Kent

  25. QUESTION:
    "is annie sullivan is a good communicator? explain" (miracle worker movie)?
    next question
    how are relationships built in the story?
    Explain the communication process in the film

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, Annie Sullivan is a good communicator since she has to teach a child (Helen Keller) who is both deaf and blind to communicate, in turn. She may not have been a good communicator with her parents, especially her father, however. If the parents had better understood the treatment program of behavior modification, the father would not have been tempted to fire Annie and would have known the techniques to reinforce the treatment means. At meal time, for example, Helen should never have been allowed and encouraged to swipe food from another's plate.
      Today, there are what they call I.E.P.s (Individualized Educational Programs) which state the short term goals and the long term goals of treatment, and the parents have to sign an agreement and are kept abreast of any and all treatment sessions.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Individualized_Education_Program

  26. QUESTION:
    BEOWULF MOVIE WITH ANGELINA JOLIE ?
    I need to write an essay on the differnces between the book and the movie, but on how women were portrayed. I need more examples of how they were portrayed differently in the movie. I just need a couple of examples. PLEASE HELP ME <3

    • ANSWER:
      there is a couple in here.. note the bits about the seduction :)

      One objective of Neil Gaiman and Roger Avary was to offer their own interpretation for motivations behind Grendel's behavior as well as for what happened when Beowulf was in the cave of Grendel's mother. They justified these choices by arguing that Beowulf acts as an unreliable narrator in the portion of the poem in which he describes his battle with Grendel's mother. These choices also helped them to better connect the third act to the second of their screenplay, which is divided in the poem by a 50-year gap.

      Some of the changes made by the film:

      the portrayal of Beowulf as a flawed man
      the portrayal of Hrothgar as a womanizing alcoholic
      the portrayal of Unferth as a Christian
      the portrayal of Grendel as a fragile child-like creature rather than savage demon monster
      Beowulf's funeral
      the portrayal of Grendel's mother as a beautiful seductress, more of a succubus rather, who bears Grendel as Hrothgar's child and the dragon as Beowulf's child
      the fact that Beowulf becomes ruler of Denmark instead of his native Geatland[15][16][17]

      Scholars and authors have also commented on these changes. Southern Methodist University's Director of Medieval Studies Bonnie Wheeler is "convinced that the new Robert Zemeckis movie treatment sacrifices the power of the original for a plot line that propels Beowulf into seduction by Angelina Jolie—the mother of the monster he has just slain. What man doesn’t get involved with Angelina Jolie?' Wheeler asks. 'It’s a great cop-out on a great poem.' ... 'For me, the sad thing is the movie returns to…a view of the horror of woman, the monstrous female who will kill off the male,' Wheeler says. 'It seems to me you could do so much better now. And the story of Beowulf is so much more powerful.'"[18] Other commentators pointed to the theories elucidated in John Grigsby's work Beowulf and Grendel, where Grendel's mother was linked with the ancient Germanic fertility goddess Nerthus.[19]

      This is not the first time that the theme of a relationship between Beowulf and Grendel's mother was explored. In Gaiman's collection of short stories, Smoke and Mirrors, the poem Bay Wolf is a retelling of Beowulf in a modern day setting. In this story, Beowulf as the narrator is ambiguous about what happened between Grendel's mother and himself.

      In addition, philosophy professor Stephen T. Asma argues that "Zemeckis's more tender-minded film version suggests that the people who cast out Grendel are the real monsters. The monster, according to this charity paradigm, is just misunderstood rather than evil (similar to the version presented in John Gardner's novel Grendel). The blame for Grendel's violence is shifted to the humans, who sinned against him earlier and brought the vengeance upon themselves. The only real monsters, in this tradition, are pride and prejudice. In the film, Grendel is even visually altered after his injury to look like an innocent, albeit scaly, little child. In the original Beowulf, the monsters are outcasts because they're bad (just as Cain, their progenitor, was outcast because he killed his brother), but in the film Beowulf the monsters are bad because they're outcasts [...] Contrary to the original Beowulf, the new film wants us to understand and humanize our monsters."[20]

  27. QUESTION:
    Help! I'm in need of Obscure Musicals (read for more info)?
    My friends are going to have an "Obscure Musical Day" Basically musicals that were never on Broadway, or such. For example We're going to Show "Pretty Dead Girl" (It's a short film 22 min.) and Reefer Madness The Musical. (Trivia fact both have Christian Cambell a.k.a. the most amazing adorable man ever) Anway, we need to be able to rent them. Or buy cheap. Any ideas?
    In addition, It's a major plus if the musical is like crazy weird. If that makes sense. . . like. . . Morbid Joy-ish!

    • ANSWER:
      shock treatment (the sequel to rocky horror)
      phantom of the paradise (rock opera)

  28. QUESTION:
    are these good script ideas?
    Hey guys. For homework during this lovely, sunny weekend, i got assigned to write a short script. Im in a creative writing class at my highschool and my teacher said these scripts that we would write would go to the video production class to be acted out and filmed.

    So i have a couple ideas. I hope these are manageable for the video prod. team, so read them and if you like them, then great. but if you dont, tell me how to fix it. thank yaaa.

    First one:
    A widowed father who is very poor has a specific reason why he's selling drugs on the street.. He needs $$ for his child's cancer treatment. He has no insurance, due to the fact that he is very poor. He decides to sell drugs because his family background is "screwed up" and they are all druggies and baked. So he asks his fellow family member for some and starts selling away drugs. And Ofcourse, he gets into big trouble. So for the entire time, he is struggling with authority and his love for his child.

    So, does this make sense?? Could this be made into a short film??

    2nd one:
    Two twins, a boy and a girl, have heart problems, ever since they were born. They are 16-17 years old right now, when it comes to the time that both of them severly needs the heart ASAP. The organ donor line is very very long, so its impossible for both of them to get a heart close together timewise.
    So, the question throughout the movie is who gets the heart?

    THANK YOU FOR READING THEM, PLEASE GIVE ME YOUR OPINIONS AND ADVICE!! (:

    • ANSWER:
      The first one sounds too much like "Breaking Bad", a current TV show. You might get a lower grade for not being "original".

      As a transplant patient, the second one is too unrealistic. In reality, there is no question WHO gets the organ -- that is determined purely and ONLY through medical procedures, as guided by federal law. The ONLY question is -- will the recipient accept the donated organ or not. For example, the organ I received had been offered to another recipient, but the organ has been exposed to (but not infected with) a serious disease. The first patient refused it our of ignorance, so I accepted it.

      ALSO -- a boy and a girl twins are called FRATERNAL: twins . They DO NOT share the same DNA. In this case, the mother produced two eggs at the same time, and each was fertilized by a different sperm cell. They have completely different DNA, and probably WOULD NOT share a common heart defect.

      Of the two, the SECOND script one has the most possibility, IF you do more research on your subject.

  29. QUESTION:
    how do i get started makeing movies?
    i wanna go in the movie business but i don't know what classes to take?

    • ANSWER:
      You really don't HAVE to take classes to start. Start by watching every movie you can--not just the ones you like. Also, REALLY WATCH them--don't just follow the story. pay attention to lighting, camera angles, themes, etc.

      Some people help themselves in doing this by getting jobs at movie theatres or video places like Blockbuster.

      Bottom line is, you have to see actual finished products, not just learn "theory."

      FOR CLASSES: One of the greatest filmmakers of all time, Orson Welles, said, "Everything you need to know about filmmaking can be learned in two to three days." The most popular of the short (two-day) classes out now is the one taught by Dov S.S. Simens (you can Google it). He has rotated the class through major cities for years. Quentin Tarantino took the class (after already immersing himself in the "self-study" approach I mentioned earlier) and wrote "Resevoir Dogs" during it.

      IF YOU WANT A FILM -RELATED DEGREE: Look into the film schools in New York and L.A., particularly. USC's film school, for example, recently got a boatload of money from George Lucas.

      --Good Luck.

      BTW, all the while all of this is going on, carry a camera, teach yourself how to "pan" and "zoom" smoothly; how to properly light different scenes (indoor, outdoor, etc.) and skin tones; write screenplay ideas and treatments, etc. Basically, immerse yourself in all aspects of filmmaking.

  30. QUESTION:
    does this product work?
    I recently bought a Diva Darling Turban Towel. People say I can go to bed with my hair wet and it should absorb all the water out of my hair. Is this true? My hair is frizzy and wavy and doesn't retain shape. Will this product dry my hair fully or pretend that it dried it completely and make my hair puff later? Reviews please! Thank you guys :)

    • ANSWER:
      It is a billion dollar business, the hair industry, and that is just another money making propaganda. There are many people in the world with beautiful hair like yours, but they know how to take care of them, and they ALL don't use a Diva Darling Turban Towel to get their hair glamorous looking.

      Informercials is just like making a short film, they have producers, directors, extras, actors and they are all GETTING PAID. They're scripted short films. Cher have stopped making informercials because she's tired of de-frauding her fans!

      Your hair is envy from us stick straight haired girls! If you know how to care for your hair type, you won't have this problem. Melina Kanakaredes, Keri Russell are examples who has hair like yours and they've got beautiful wavy hair. Google them.
      Shampoo. Condition. Towel dry, scrunch with gel like Samy, or hand lotion, blow-dry using a diffuser briefly, tousle the hair, finger comb, shake your head & you're good to go. If you don't have a diffuser, use a blow heat dryer on low for 5 mins. Give it a final rinse with carbonated or sparkling water. Sparkling water reduces frizz because of its low pH level. This is a good treatment if you often let your curls air-dry because it will help to eliminate the frizz caused by humidity.
      When you wake up, instead of shampooing again, keep a bottled water filled with water/conditioner and spray on your hair. Scrunch, finger comb and you're good to go! Google Haley Rinehart - American Idol she's got long beautiful curly hair! When my hair was permed in the 80's, my hair looked like hers. Look @ my hair now.

      In a pinch lip balm can double as hair wax to add definition and get rid of hairline frizz.

      One method to make it look fuller, add body, tame the curls, bouncier, thicker, SEXIER, softer & shinier hair is to set your hair with plastic curlers (not Velcro) after you towel dry, you'll end up with uniform balance of curls. Blow dry briefly while curling them in curlers. Take them out, and finger comb to style. Used by the best hair color models, and the fashion industry, like Victoria Secret Fashion Show Dec. 2009, America's Next Top Models, EXPRESS, Toddlers & Tiaras, Dance Moms, Dancing with the Stars, even used on Oprah's hair . . . . and continued to be used today where salons care about pampering your hair. When you see hair on TV a hair color commercial, they're not done by curling or straightening tools. Hair that shines like that and feels like hair, not hay, has to be done by the best hair tools available w/out damaging to the hair. When you take the curlers out, finger comb to style or lightly brush. Tousle the hair up. or shake your hair. You can use large, medium or small curlers, that depends on the length of your hair. Think of JLo's hair, she was voted as the Sexiest Woman by People magazine!

  31. QUESTION:
    I want to go blonde.. will they be able to do exactly what I want?
    I go to a pretty expensive salon. I mean it's really really fancy and they do a really good job. I used to have ombre hair and my first appointment there was to get it dyed over, my stylist did exactly what I wanted if not better. I didn't look like I had just stepped out of a salon.. I looked like I had just stepped out of a magazine!!

    So anyways.. I have very dark brown hair... and I want to try going blonde. The one thing I'm totally scared of though is getting a really ugly blonde color. I got my ombre done at a different salon and the girl screwed it up, she ended up having to do it twice.. I had to go back to get it fixed. The blonde was kind of a yellow color.. it worked for the ombre but I would NOT want that over my entire head!

    I want to go BLONDE.. not bleach blonde.. I want it to still look natural and have highlights and low lights.

    This is kind of what I want:
    http://www.harpersbazaar.com/cm/harpersbazaar/images/DV/hbz-12-Chic-Haircuts-Julianne-Hough-de.jpg
    http://cdn.followpics.com/show/23925441739952792_88KprO0t_c.jpg
    http://www.usmagazine.com/uploads/assets/articles/53658-pic-julianne-hough-debuts-short-blonde-do-on-safe-haven-set/1340407442_julianne-hough-zoom.jpg
    http://2media.nowpublic.net/images//27/9c/279c21c54ead5163df16f381a81f4549.jpg

    Gosh.. I fell in love with Julianne's hair in Safe Haven, great hair, terrible movie lol.

    So.. I really love that color.. what Miley had briefly before she chopped it all off. I want it to have highlights and low lights to give it a natural feel and such.

    What I really DON'T want is this:
    http://www.dailymakeover.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/LaurenConradBlonde.jpg
    http://www.glamour.com/images/beauty/2008/09/0924-jessica-simpson-blonde-highlights_li.jpg
    http://www.celebitchy.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/FFN_Celebs_Letterman_GGFF_022013_51019039.jpg
    http://jp8.r0tt.com/l_71065bc0-c064-11e1-8f7e-ade3ed600008.jpg
    http://s298.photobucket.com/user/robaleche/media/kim%20kardashian%20-%20Teen%20choice%20awards-2009/kim-kardashian-blonde-teen-choic-9.jpg.html
    http://d277vln4jzkhhg.cloudfront.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Miley-Cyrus-Australian-Film-Awards.jpg

    Will they be able to do what I want and not any of those really bad ones? I mean BLONDE not "almost blonde" or "I TRIED to go blonde" or "I asked for sandy blonde".... lol
    With hair as dark as mine is it possible? Because again, when it was ombre the blonde was kind of an ugly yellow... I guess Miley Cyrus was fairly dark haired and she managed it...

    Help!

    • ANSWER:
      Before I answer, I'd like you to read the following: Personality & health risks.
      There is a strong belief among some people that a person’s hair color can tell you some about their personality.  A new study out of Harvard suggests hair color can also tell you about a person’s health risks
      Top doctors say you can tell a lot about a person’s health from their hair color:
      -Blondes have a higher risk of melanoma, especially on their scalps, and should always wear a hat in direct sunlight.
      -Brunettes are more likely to suffer from hair loss, and can help prevent it by getting enough iron (dark leafy vegetables are high in iron).
      -And a Harvard study finds redheads may have a 90% greater chance of developing Parkinson’s Disease because of a specific gene mutation. Housecall for Health, I’m Colleen Cappon, FOX News Radio. 12-10-12

      MY ANSWER:
      Google Salon Hair Dye Lawsuits. About 336,000 results (0.17 seconds) Dec. 2011
      When it comes to hair care treatments, product use or visits to a salon or spa, the consumer must take responsibility to do their homework and be aware of all the risks involved.
      Vanessa Minnillo Lachey: "I dated a guy once who wanted me to have blonde hair. Clearly, he was the wrong guy for me! I went to a lady who bleached my hair and it literally fell out. So, not only did I go back to my natural hair, I broke up with the guy!"
      Another example posted on YA! 8-20-12. Is it just me or does xxl live max blonde make your scalp feel like it on fire? I've recently used a max blonde on my hair and I had to wash it wash off straight away because my scalp felt like it was on fire has this happend to anyone else?

      Style meets chemistry meets biology: We're talking hair coloring.

      Playing with chemicals is not like playing with clothes, or doing a manicure, there are penalties for playing chemicals in the lab. Even hair color experts at the salon are not rocket scientists, they do a bang up dye jobs to their clients or their own hair.

      Chemicals can enter the body through the skin.
      > > > Hair dye chemicals linked to cancer
      London, Feb 20, 2013 I've been saying that since 2009.
      Hair dyes, which include home hair colouring kits and those used at pricey salons, are linked to deadly cancer-causing chemicals, warn scientists. In 2009 the Mail revealed that women who used hair dyes more than nine times a year had a 60% greater risk of contracting blood cancer.
      A year later the European Commission banned 22 hair dyes which put long-term users at risk of bladder cancer. < < < <
 Google: Teen 'feared she would die' after reaction to hair dye The allergic reaction was caused by a well-known brand of semi-permanent hair dye Chloe used to turn her hair black for a Hallowe’en party. . . . . called for beauty bosses to ban hair dye chemical PPD (para-phenylenediamine) from the shelves. 11-04-11 Google: January Jones: "My Hair Is Falling Out In Clumps" 1-28-13 To quote Joni Mitchell, "you don't know what you got till your thick hair is gone.
 People should be less concerned about Miley's missing engagement ring and more worried about her poor hair follicles. At this rate, the ex-Disney darling could be bald by 30! (OMG! 3/1/2013)

  32. QUESTION:
    Where is T.C.Boyle from?

    • ANSWER:
      T. Coraghessan Boyle (also known as T.C. Boyle, born Thomas John Boyle on December 2, 1948) is a U.S. novelist and short story writer. Since the late 1970s, he has published eleven novels and more than 60 short stories. He won the PEN/Faulkner award in 1988 for his third novel, World's End, which recounts 300 years in upstate New York. He is married with three children. Since 1986, Boyle has been Professor of English at the University of Southern California.

      Biography
      Thomas John Boyle was born December 2, 1948 in Peekskill, New York. He grew up in the small city on the Hudson River; he regularly fictionalizes it as Peterskill (as in widely anthologized short story Greasy Lake). Boyle changed his middle name when he was 17 and exclusively used Coraghessan for much of his career, but now also goes by T.C. Boyle.

      Boyle earned a BA in English and history from the State University of New York at Potsdam in 1968, after which he taught for four years at the high school in his home town where his mother worked as head secretary and his father as janitor. After being accepted to the Iowa Writers' Workshop in 1972, Boyle served as fiction editor for the Iowa Review and in 1977 first received a Creative Writing Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts and in 1988 a Guggenheim. Boyle has since received many literary awards - - including the PEN/Faulkner Award, the PEN/Malamud Prize, the PEN/West Literary Prize, the Commonwealth Gold Medal for Literature, National Academy of Arts and Letters Award for prose excellence as well as six O. Henry Awards for short fiction, multiple Best American Short Story awards and Drop City is a National Book Award Finalist.

      Boyle earned his MFA from the Iowa Writers' Workshop in 1974 and his Ph.D. degree in 19th century British literature in 1977. He has been a member of the English Department at the University of Southern California since 1978, and currently lives in Santa Barbara with his wife and three children.

      Works
      Many of Boyle's novels and short stories explore the Baby Boom generation, its appetites, joys, and addictions. Boyle’s themes, such as the often-misguided efforts of the male hero and the slick appeal of the anti-hero, appear alongside brutal satire, humor, and magic realism. As well, Boyle’s fiction explores the ruthlessness and the unpredictability of nature and the toll human society unwittingly takes on the environment. Boyle's work has been compared to Mark Twain's for its mixture of humor and social exploration.

      His novels include World's End (1987, winner of the Pen/Faulkner Award for Fiction); The Road to Wellville (1993); and The Tortilla Curtain (1995, winner of France's Prix Medicis Etranger). Boyle is also one of America's most accomplished short story writers and has published eight collections, including Descent of Man (1979), Greasy Lake (1985), If the River was Whiskey (1989), and Without a Hero (1994). His short stories regularly appear in the major American magazines, including The New Yorker, Harper's, Esquire magazine, The Atlantic Monthly and Playboy.

      Renowned for the thorough research he carries out, Boyle has, in the opinion of some literary critics, given new impetus to the historical novel by spinning bizarre and funny yarns around historical events. For example, Riven Rock, set in 1920s America, is about contemporary treatment for insanity as well as the emerging feminist movement. Similarly, The Road to Wellville features John Harvey Kellogg, inventor of the corn flake and peanut butter, as a quack doctor at a turn-of-the-century health spa; a later novel, Drop City, is set in 1970 and deals with the often contradictory aims and promises of the hippie movement.

      Boyle’s latest novel, an identity-theft literary thriller, Talk Talk, is currently in production at Universal Pictures. Despite the contemporary qualities of his fiction, to date only one film has been made from Boyle’s work: 1994’s The Road to Wellville, starring Anthony Hopkins, John Cusack and Matthew Broderick. In 2006, two new projects had T. C. Boyle's name attached: Achates McNeil, being screenwritten by Donald Margulies, and The Tortilla Curtain, starring Kevin Costner. Kinsey, a 2004 semi-biographical film starring Liam Neeson as Alfred Kinsey and Laura Linney as his wife Clara, is seen by some as a companion piece to Boyle’s novel The Inner Circle.[citation needed]

      Novels
      Water Music (1982)
      Budding Prospects (1984)
      World's End (1987)
      East Is East (1990)
      The Road to Wellville (1993)
      The Tortilla Curtain (1995)
      Riven Rock (1998)
      A Friend of the Earth (2000)
      Drop City (2003)
      The Inner Circle (2004)
      Talk Talk (2006)

      [edit] Short story collections
      Descent of Man (1979)
      Greasy Lake (1985)
      If the River Was Whiskey (1989)
      Without a Hero (1994)
      T.C. Boyle Stories (1998)
      After the Plague (2001)
      Tooth and Claw (2005)
      The Human Fly (2005, young adult literature)

      [edit] Chronology in Boyle's works
      Time Setting Historical personage in the novel
      World's End (1987) Late 17th century, 1949 and 1968 Northern Westchester County near Peekskill, New York -----
      Water Music (1982) 1795 London, Scotland, and Africa (source of the Niger) Mungo Park
      The Road to Wellville (1993) 1907 Battle Creek, Michigan John Harvey Kellogg
      Riven Rock (1998) 1905-1925 Montecito, Santa Barbara County, California Stanley McCormick, Katharine McCormick
      The Inner Circle (2004) 1940s-50s Bloomington, Indiana Alfred Kinsey
      Drop City (2003) 1970 California, Alaska -----
      Budding Prospects (1984) 1980s California -----
      East Is East (1990) 1980s Georgia (American South) Hu Tu Mei
      The Tortilla Curtain (1995) 1990s Southern California -----
      Talk Talk (2006) 2000s California and New York state -----
      A Friend of the Earth (2000) late 1980s; 2025-2026 California, Oregon -----

  33. QUESTION:
    How do I write a screenplay pitch?
    I'm a to-be year 13 Film Studies student and I'm writing a screenplay for coursework, I have my storyboard, shot list, and even some of the screenplay written out, but I don't know how to write up a detailed pitch.

    My screenplay is about a young student who wakes up in school, comes across his friends and teacher, who ignore him. After passing through a wall, he finds he's a ghost, experiencing his last 'living' moment before going to heaven/hell/limbo/wherever.

    That's what I have so far. I also have to outline the theme and genre in the pitch too.
    Note, this is for a short film.

    So, help please?

    • ANSWER:
      A query letter is an example of a written pitch. It's the only written pitch you use in the industry, all others are simply pitching out loud with an audience of cranky creative execs.

      http://www.donedealpro.com/members/details.aspx?object_id=281&content_type=1&section_id=13

      That's a sample query letter.

      The following is a treatment. Similar to a pitch, but not a pitch because a pitch should be short and sweet. A treatment is detailed. This could help you figure out your pitch as well.

      http://www.donedealpro.com/members/details.aspx?object_id=281&content_type=1&section_id=13

  34. QUESTION:
    How would I cite a film reviewer's quote in an essay?
    Ex: "He has a gun in his hand"

    The film critic Roger Ebert stated this in his review. His review is from a website, so I'm not sure how to insert it. When writing it in my paper, would I go about it like this:

    "The gun is in his hand" (Ebert)

    Thanks in advance!
    I'll choose best answer right away.

    Also, Frederic and Mary Brussat reviewed the film as well.
    Say they stated, "He had blue eyes."
    Would I put both Frederic and Mary, or just the last name?
    Ex: "He had blue eyes" (Frederic and Mary Brussat)??

    • ANSWER:
      Use can also use this really easy site that I use. http://www.easybib.com/

      To cite a book or film review in MLA

      Lacayo, Richard. “Darkness Visible.” Rev. of Cheever: A Life, by Blake Bailey. Time 6 Apr. 2009:

      64. Print.

      MLA in-text citations;

      To indicate short quotations (fewer than four typed lines of prose or three lines of verse) in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks. Provide the author and specific page citation (in the case of verse, provide line numbers) in the text, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text. For example:

      According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184), though others disagree.
      According to Foulkes's study, dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" (184).
      Is it possible that dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184)?
      Mark breaks in short quotations of verse with a slash, /, at the end of each line of verse: (a space should precede and follow the slash)

      Cullen concludes, "Of all the things that happened there / That's all I remember" (11-12).

      Another example for a book or film review is:
      C (Hemphill 151)
      W Hemphill, C. Dallet. Rev. of First Generations: Women in Colonial America,
      by Carol Berkin. The Historian 61 (1998): 150-51.

      Remember to double space your works cited.

      If it is APA, use this website, it is great. http://www.write.armstrong.edu/handouts/APAstyle.pdf

      APA Style: Handling Quotations, Citations, and References
      · An online journal article
      Frederickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment, 3 Article 001a. Retrieved November 20, 2000, from
      http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html

  35. QUESTION:
    Are there any books you've enjoyed [more] upon a second reading?
    For example, at the moment I'm re-reading Jane Eyre. Last year we studied it and I found it thematically fascinating but as a text itself I despised it. I was an ardent Emily Bronte fan and still am.

    I hadn't picked it up since then but recently decided to re-read it. I've enjoyed it thoroughly and despite knowing the plot I am thrilled to follow the events. And this time I care for the characters. I'm focused more on the romantic rather than the Gothic, imperialistic and feminist elements.

    Are there any books which you've disliked, been passive about or liked that upon a second read, improved?

    BQ1: Do you read foreign literature? Why/not?
    BQ2: [Related to 1] Is it in translation? And if yes, then do you believe it loses something?

    Hope you're enjoying the sunshine readers and writers.

    :')

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. In fact, as with great films, it is the mark of how truly excellent a book is if the reader derives more from it upon a second reading. Since movies require less of a time commitment, think of how your very favourite films stand the test of time through repeated viewings while some that initially impressed you fall away upon even a single repeat sitting. It is no different with literature, though a book that fails to deliver the second time around is unlikely to ever be picked up again. It just takes too much time and there are already more worthwhile books than there is time to read them, literally in one’s lifetime. It is actually for this very reason that I’m often reluctant to read a book more than once.

      It’s interesting that you cited Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre for your example as I find it’s usually only the classics that I am willing to read a second time. While a student, particularly in high school and as a university freshman, I frequently experienced what you describe and I attribute this primarily to two things: immaturity (mainly with regard to life experience) and the compulsory nature of the reading. The former can be altered only by experiencing more of life, both good and bad. The latter is likely unavoidable and that’s why I suggest it gets better the longer you’re in school. Most people who major in literature (as I did) become more disciplined about required course reading and develop a greater appreciation for it.

      I’d read both Henry James’ The Turn of the Screw and Edith Wharton’s The Age of Innocence just prior to seeing film versions of each. In James’ case, I actually believe that Jack Clayton’s chilling 1961 classic, The Innocents, is superior to the book. This rarely occurs in my experience of film and literature but is more likely with shorter fiction like James’ novella. Martin Scorsese’s film treatment of Wharton’s novel was much less satisfactory and is inferior to the novel. Yet in each case I felt compelled to re-read both works after seeing the film versions. Notwithstanding the very different visceral reactions to each movie, this led to a greater appreciation of both books the second time around.

      I think in the case of James, the film version had made me more open to a different interpretation of the story’s meaning which greatly benefited the book. (I won’t spoil it for you or anyone else reading this as it is critical that you read the story with an open mind regarding what actually is or is not happening.) Wharton’s works generally hold up very well to repeat readings. I loved The House of Mirth the first time I read it and only appreciated it more the second time around. The same held true with The Age of Innocence. This is what separates great literature from the merely good.

      As to your second question, there is one obvious book to put to the test but I refuse to commit the time required. It’s James again, The Golden Bowl, and owing in large measure to its prodigious length, I’ve never been able to justify a return visit. I read it as a college freshman and, young and subjective or not, I richly despised the principal characters as well as the ending. Is it conceivable I might have an improved opinion of the book the second time round? Possibly. Am I likely to find out? No, given the length of my current reading list alone, I’d say it was highly unlikely.

      BQ1: Yes, I do read foreign literature, even as I watch a great many foreign films. I think my dual nationality (American and British) and my travels abroad likely contribute a great deal to this. I’ve never been one to believe that any country or language has the market cornered on greatness in any art form. Some of my very favourite literature, for example, is Russian and French. I intend to increase my range and scope of foreign literature, especially Japanese.

      BQ2: As my French is barely passable, yes, all of the foreign literature I’ve read has been translated. And a further (and emphatic) YES! to your follow-up. I very definitely believe something of the work is lost in translation but I fear this is unavoidable. I try always to read translations considered to be of the highest quality and which maintain consistency with the author’s original voice and intent. The only alternative is to learn more foreign languages than my fevered brain is likely to accommodate.

  36. QUESTION:
    Comparative essay on the story "The highwayman" and the film "West Side Story".?
    i need to write 4 paragraphs about how they share the same theme. All i got write now is:
    Before I saw the film West Side Story, I thought that love was simple, but now I know the facts. The story "The Highwayman" and the film "West Side Story" have different characters but are very similar. Though this story and film may look completely different on the outside, but they share the same main idea that people make great sacrifice for love, people can be blinded by love, love stinks, and love is like a dangerous battlefield.

    RIGHT NOW I NEED:
    Intro- little more details (1ST PARA)

    2ND PARA (THE HIGHWAYMAN)
    theme 1: People make great sacrifice for love (examples/support from story)
    theme 2: People can be blind by love (examples/support from story)
    theme 3: love stinks (examples/support from story)

    3RD PARA (WEST SIDE STORY)
    theme 1: People make great sacrifice for love (examples/support from film)
    theme 2: People can be blind by love (examples/support from film)
    theme 3: love stinks (examples/support from film)

    CONCLUSION:
    summarize both "The Highwayman" and "West Side Story" and also restate the thesis and conclude.
    The thesis that i put is "Though this story and film may look completely different on the outside, but they share the same main idea that people make great sacrifice for love, people can be blinded by love, love stinks, and love is like a dangerous battlefield."

    • ANSWER:
      I have read over your outline for this piece of writing. For the most part it is complete as far as it goes. As you state your paragraphs need "fleshing out" in some places. I notice in your introduction that you point out (in the concluding sentence) four divisions when comparing the treatment of "love" in the story and the film.

      May I POINT OUT that nowhere in the 'body" comparative paragraphs do you list in your outline "love as a battlefield". You have "love stinks", "love sacrifice" "blind love" but no BATTLEFIELD with examples from either the story or film.

      If you are going to mention the "dangerous battlefield" in your introduction, you must follow through with examples and support in the body paragraphs of your writing . You see, the purpose of the introductory paragraph is to forewarn your reader/instructor how the body of the piece will develop logically and state a conclusion based on the "evidence" in the body paragraphs.

      Now, may I take the opportunity to proof/edit your introduction as you have it written?

      "................... may look dissimilar on the SURFACE, they share analogous views of four aspects of love. Characters in both the story and film make great sacrifices , follow blindly and create dangerous battlefields. Why? For love!

      Check out www.cdtl.nus.edu.sg/success/sl25.htm for some attention-grabbing beginnings for essays. You want your reader "captivated" immediately and curious enough to read your entire piece of writing--whether its a fictional short story, a piece of poetry, a novel, play or even an assignment on an "dry" subject.

      This answer is in no way a "put-down" of your effort so far with this essay. Just a few suggestions that improve the piece. The outline as I stated above is a good beginning as you have set it out.

  37. QUESTION:
    Will you join the discussion on free verse verses structured verse.?
    Which is the better treatment? I have always appreciated structure but note it is no longer the popular choice.

    The Open Bone Truck

    The lights turned
    red
    My car slowed to a
    stop
    Obscenity before me
    Open truck tray
    Red greasy
    exposed
    jagged
    bones.
    So many
    carcasses
    Incomprehensible
    Shocking
    white fractures open
    to air and sight
    Flies
    Maggots
    Stares
    We all just sat
    Lights green
    Frozen immobility
    Finally from way back
    a horn blast
    Siren?
    Movement slow
    Deliberate
    Memories of
    holocaust
    Shame

    The Open Bone Truck

    The huge truck ahead was stationary.
    I am ever reluctant and wary,
    Of large semi trailer trucks and their wares.
    I stopped behind and in shock, joined the stares.

    The sickly sight was bloody and graphic.
    Twisted, meatless, carcasses stopped traffic.
    The lights, red, seemingly blushing with shame.
    Time stood still; pointing the finger of blame.

    People, frozen, seemed equally transfixed;
    By death and life, now were they caught betwixt?
    It was the tonnage which seemed to distress.
    Holocaust images flashed such excess.

    Animal bones; just abattoir caste off,
    Surely no need for this shame, dread or loss?
    Oakwolf, thank you for openly joining the discussion.

    Buk
    I honestly did not set out to make a point.
    I was interested in a genuine response. Thank you Buk/Dave for yours.
    Blue Feather...I have come to realise nit picking is effective. It stops the laying of fertile eggs.

    Cassie...Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Libby,

      I prefer the first (though I would do the breaks differently) but I think its beside the point to the larger discussion. I take a bit of issue with structured vs unstructured because free verse is not truly unstructured; the writer simply has to provide a structure to it of their choosing (some do it better than others).

      I mostly write free verse. I have dabbled with Sonnets, Villanelles, Rubias, Sestinas, etc. They are fun to do also, though they have their own type of trap. It's easy to get caught up in the form and miss the point of the poem.

      I mostly ask myself what best suits the poem. Let me give you two of mine (one I'm not happy with, and one I am). I'll say up front that I'm happier with the free verse version but I did write the rubia first. I had read an autobiography on Howard Hughes and was fascinated that he had written a 7 page memo on how to open a can of peaches. I wanted to write about that. Here are both versions:

      Peaches

      It was not the first time your wings caught fire,
      Flying for the sun higher and higher,
      Not made of wax, or spruce, as some report.
      Your ego alone drove this desire.

      Now packed in a warehouse, your dreams to thwart,
      Covered over with dust all flights cut short.
      The “greatest” pilot of all now brought low,
      by a need for control without resort.

      You wrote instructions on the ground below.
      Memos on what servants needed to know.
      How to remove a bug, or close a door;
      You had infinite wisdom to bestow.

      Germs were everywhere on the walls and floor;
      No matter how they cleaned, still there were more.
      Could you eat even peaches in a can?
      To eat what’s been touched, a thing to abhor.

      Scrub off the label the order began,
      Wash the bare metal next step in the plan,
      When spearing the peach let the fork be light
      For fruit touching steel is unfit for man.

      Though these many rules you made them recite
      You wasted away in a sick mad blight,
      Codeine enough to stop five beating hearts
      Coursing though veins to end this final flight.

      I read this and thought: No not what I wanted. Now admittingly, I don't know what I'm doing with formal poetry if I write a good one it's by accident.

      Here's the free verse version:

      Howard and the Details

      "Old clothes are more friendly"

      -Howard Hughes after contracting syphilis on why he burnt his expensive clothing adopting a more simple wardrobe.

      -"Hughes: The Private Diaries, Memos And Letters" by Richard Hack

      They never noticed
      the details.
      Jane Russell had
      four nipples.
      Peas were
      different sizes.
      Peaches were
      dirty, dirty, dirty.
      Germs crawl
      all over your face,

      hands, touch
      food with those?

      Make the peaches
      dirtier.

      They didn’t pay attention.
      Bette Davis’ bed was covered
      in orchids, not gardenias.
      Tiny blisters on the palms?
      Syphilis! No, film editing.
      Mason jars—perfect for storing
      urine, and TV
      dinners should always
      remove that soggy-cherry thing.
      Peach cobbler is better.

      They didn’t know
      what to do.
      Fix the blouse;
      it’s an engineering problem.
      Line them up
      use a fork for perspective.
      To prevent sores
      Mop with lye.
      Burn the double-breasted tuxedo,
      and all white dinner jackets.
      Remember old clothes
      are more friendly.

      And if I’m going
      to eat those things?

      Scrub off the label!
      Clean the bare metal
      of the can. Be careful
      with the fork; don’t touch
      anything else. Did you remember
      to cover your hands
      with six Kleenex (not five or seven)?

      They didn’t notice. They didn’t listen.
      And the damn plane was birch
      not spruce.

      ***
      So for me the important part is using the tool (form or free verse) that gets me the result I need. I can give examples where the Sonnet beat out the free verse also but this was the one that came to mind and my answer is already too long.

      Best,

      Todd

  38. QUESTION:
    Please edit my essay please?
    The movie Awakenings was one of the most interesting films I’ve seen at school. The movie was base on a true story that was set in the summer of 1969. One man walked into the psychiatric hospital that forever revolutionized of how terminal ill patients are treated. That one man was named Dr. Sayer a maverick because he went against all odds and was able to awaken patients in vegetative states. In the movie Dr. Sayer provides great examples of thinking outside the box and I believe that what Dr. Sayer did giving experimental drugs to patients is justified and the title Awakenings means a lot more than the literal context.
    The movie Awakenings provides frequent examples of thinking outside the box. Thinking outside the box means to me is to look at the problem from a new perspective and to keep an open mind. In the movie Dr. Sayer was presented with many problems and uses thinking outside the box presents through out the movie to solve problems. Back in 1969 many people thought that it was impossible for catatonic patients to communicate other than verbal or using gestures. Dr. Sayer discovers that catatonic patients can really communicate without verbal or using gestures. For example the catching ball experiment was an example of thinking outside the box it allowed Dr. Sayer to further explore new creative ways of communicating to catatonic patients fir example using human touch or like using music would make catatonic patients respond in ways never thought possible.
    I do believe that that patient in the movie should receive experimental drug treatment regardless if the treatment only gives them a short glimpse of how life would be like. The patients in the hospital are human beings and should be treated as human beings with the right to life and dignity. Psychiatric hospitals are there to help terminal ill patients to become better and not be the place to keep patients there to die. When Leonard was given an experimental drug named L-DOPA it allowed Leonard to be alive again and to be once free from his prison by the virus. Leonard faced the fact that he lost 30 odd years of his life and that he wanted to experience the joys of life relationships, friends, family, and do the things that normal people take for granted.
    The title of the movie the Awakenings has a lot of significant meanings to it. One is that it allowed Dr. Sayer to believe that there is hope in hopeless situations. For example many said that it was impossible for catatonic patients to become normal but Dr. Sayer was able to bring them out of their catatonic states by giving L-DOPA to them and they became perfect intelligent human beings. Secondly the movie Awakenings has a message that people should be awaken to the fact that terminal ill patients are human beings and should be treated as one with love, kind and dignity.
    In conclusion the a maverick Doctor named Sayer and that he was able to do the impossible to bring patients out of catatonic states or sleeping sickness. He explored new ways and through these ways he was able to revolutionize the way mental institutions treat their patients. Treating patients with love, kindness and treat them as a human being. Through out this movie Dr. Sayer thinks outside the box in which ways he was able to show catatonic patients a glimpse of life and that people should love life and should cherish it with every moment because one day it may be taken away from them just like the catatonic patients lives were taken from them by the virus.

    • ANSWER:
      i don't think anyone would be dumb enough to actually help someone edit an entire essay here

      sorry if it was like a sentence, i would help.
      don't be lazy

      Buy Dr Pepper!

  39. QUESTION:
    Soldiers pissing on corpses, your views?
    My view: I was not offended. I was glad. I'm speaking against terrorists in general and not specific ones from that region. To make this short I'll use 1 example. What do you think is a more deplorable display of human behavior. Soldiers pissing and disrespecting dead terrorist and not offering proper barial probably. OR. Terrorists kidnapping innocent people. One example was a husband and wife. They were kidnapped, and in front of each other beheaded as the other watched. The video sounds like they were Russian terrorists from the dangerous southern region.

    I dont think the soldiers should of filmed it b/c now terrorist have more media to influence would be terrorist, but I think the media should focus on beheadings instead. We know it's graphic but if you show it once the people will never feel upset of terrorist treatment

    • ANSWER:
      Personally I would not expect this type of behaviour from supposedly "professional" well trained soldiers, they should be hanging their heads in shame, as they have brought the US army and the American people into disrepute. Professionals I think are above this and would show the "enemy" some respect for their dead, not stoop this low.

      one persons terrorist is another persons freedom fighter.

      RR

  40. QUESTION:
    Why do people put everyone who believes in scientology down ?
    For instance Tom Cruies. This guy has alot of skill when it comes to acting but when I go to youtube watch some of the trailer he starred, thr«ere's always people bashing him down. I ask why do you hate the guy, and 90% of the people say " he is a scientology nut".
    REeally who gives a shit what he believes, isn't that descriminatory?
    And that is just an example. For one I don't care about religion, but I find it pretty stupid to bash one who has skill and is deminshed over something else (Ad Hominem attacks). And Tom cruise is just an example. Then you gave Lisa Marie Presley, etc.

    • ANSWER:
      I may be somewhat strange here, but I actually do not give a flying what an actor, or a footballer, or a politician does outside of their professional arena.

      If a film is good because of the acting in it, that is fine, I do not really care what religion the actors are, what their sexuality is, or what cereal they eat for breakfast, they can be sleeping with men, women and goats, what do I care, a good film is a good film.

      So long as when people are in their professional arena they do not bring attention to what they do, then that is fine, as soon as they bring attention to it, they invite praise or criticism.

      As Tom Cruise has chose to speak about something, that gives me the right to respond, and if I think it makes him several slices short of a full loaf, he has no choice but to accept that.

      As for scientology itself, I have the same problems with it as I do with other cults and religions that take people away from medical treatment and try to claim that they know better, they are putting peoples' lives at risk, they are causing harm, and any organisation that places people in harm should be banned and no publicity allowed for that cause.

  41. QUESTION:
    can u find any.................?
    can u find any persuasive techniques from this article.
    Seem like a cold winter? You betcha. But we shouldn’t mistakenly think that global warming is debunked by a winter’s low temperatures in places such as Duluth or Fairbanks, Alaska. In reality, short-term temperature changes in any given place behave much like the stock market. To be sure, there are ups and downs in the market from day to day and week to week, but the longer trends over years and decades are more regular.
    Long-term average changes in temperature likewise show us the general trends over timescales longer than weeks or seasons. But in any given year, we’re still sure that it’s either warmer or colder than normal. The problem is that the new normal is warmer.
    Virtually everywhere on the globe, the temperature trend is upward, steadily so, with no sign of reversing. What is key is that measured global, North American and local Minnesota records show the same long-term warming trends. Short fluctuations occur, but the longer trends unequivocally show warming. That realization may be difficult because the long-term changes shown by scientific record are hard to detect as an individual.
    A particular concern is that warming observed over the past 150 years is taking place at a faster rate than during much of the past period of human habitation, and what we don’t now know is how this rapid pace of change will affect humanity and our environment. Rising air and water temperatures are directly tied to increasing greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere (mainly carbon dioxide and methane). The positive correlation between greenhouse gases and temperature is known from several decades of measurement in Hawaii, and from nearly 700,000 years of ice-core records from Antarctica and Greenland, as just two examples.
    Scientific recognition of global warming is not news to fishermen and hunters. People who fish trout in Montana know that stream temperatures are higher now than in the past, which adversely affects fish spawning. In Minnesota, moose are threatened by summer heat that affects their ability to thermo-regulate.

    The vast majority of climate researchers consider the issue of global warming to be settled. Although some critics choose to discredit Al Gore’s “An Inconvenient Truth” because they disagree with his politics, his underlying conclusions are scientifically sound. As posed by former Minnesotan Tom Friedman, author of “Hot, Flat, and Crowded,” whether you listen to scientists or to the fringe “deniers” is like weighing medical advice from doctors — if your child has a life-threatening illness and 98 doctors out of 100 recommend treatment A, but only 2 recommend treatment B, which would you choose?
    Scientists sometimes appear to waffle or hedge because by nature they are careful not to overstate their results; but it would be a mistake to place our bets with the nay-saying pundits who seem all too eager to voice unqualified opinions. Choosing to disbelieve global warming is like telling the officer, “I’m sure I wasn’t speeding,” when in fact the cop has measured your speed. We can measure warming, and we’ve been doing so for some time.
    The key question now facing science, and the problem facing all of us, is the magnitude of change and its potential impact on ecosystems, humanity and civilization. How severe will be changes in temperature, sea level, weather, precipitation patterns, ocean acidification and soil moisture? How will these factors affect our ability to feed a growing world population, handle massive human migration, stave off desertification, minimize biodiversity change, preserve clean water supplies, and manage existing resources and development new ones.
    It is not whether change will occur, because it already is. Rather, it is a question of how soon and by how much.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, I can.....

      But since the article is long enough and the content is rather serious,
      in the lecture room we will be naturally and persuasively will begin yawning....if no other method (multimedia : TV projection, music and film etc to support this essay...) presents

  42. QUESTION:
    orthopedic help!!!my knee is wack?
    I HAD A DOC APPT LAST WEEK WITH A DR. DAHL A ORTHOPEDIC SURGEON, WHO LOOKED AT MY KNEE SITUATION. IVE KINDA BEEN GETTIN THE RUN AROUND WITH OTHER DOCTORS BECAUSE NONE OF THEM SEEM TO WANT THE CHALLENGE OF GETTN MY LEG BACK TOGETHER. I WENT EVERY WHERE, DR BOYD WHO IS THE HEAD ORTHO FOR THE WILD AND TIMBER WOLVES, DR. LAPRADE THE HEAD ORTHO AT THE U OF M, THESE WERE HIGHLY RESPECTED DOCTORS. NOBODY SEEMED TO KNOW EXACTLY WHAT TO DO. FIRST I WAS WAIT EN FOR A ALLOGRAGH WHICH IS A LIVE BONE TRANSPLANT. IM MISSING ABOUT A 2"X2" CHUNK OF THE UPPER LEFT SIDE OF MY KNEE BONE(FEMUR) DUE TO MY MOTORCYCLE CRASH WHEN I GOT T-BOND BY A 16 YR OLD GIRL WHO RAN A STOP SIGN DOING 40MPH. MEANWHILE I WAS DOING 60MPH AND NEVER SEEN HER AS SHE STRUCK MY LEFT SIDE, KNEE FIRST. MY LEFT LEG WAS DESTROYED, 12 BREAKS IN THE LEFT LEG ALONE ALL THE WAY DOWN TO THE TOES. ALONG WITH A SEVERE COMPOUND FRACTURE AT THE LEFT KNEE, NOT TO MENTION ALL THE LIGAMENTS AND MUSCLE THAT WERE COMPLETELY DESTROYED. WHEN I ARRIVED AT THE HOSPITAL THEY RUSHED ME INTO SURGERY, WHERE THEY HAD 2 BACK TO BACK 6 HOUR SURGERY'S. A MAJOR ARTERY IN MY LEG WAS NOT FLOWING THROUGH TO MY FOOT, AND THEY WERE ASKING MY PARENTS IF THEY COULD CUT IT OFF. EASY TO SAY BUT SOMETIMES I WISH THEY HAD.
    BACK TO MY POINT, THIS DOCTOR DAHL WHO I HAD GOTTEN 2 REFERRALS TO SEE, GAVE ME SOME PRETTY CONFIDENT WORDS. NOT BAD BUT CERTAINLY NOT GOOD WORDS, BUT HE AT LEAST HAS A PLAN AND SOUNDS VERY INTELLIGENT. FINALLY I FELT LIKE I CAN START TO AT LEAST STEP FORWARD IN THIS LIFE LONG STRUGGLE WITH MY LEG IM ABOUT TO EN DOUR. THE ALLOGRAGH WAS WANTED BECAUSE ITS RATED FOR A LONGER TIME THAN A KNEE REPLACEMENT WHICH IS ARTIFICIAL. THEY SAY BEING ONLY 24 MAKES IT WORSE BECAUSE I GOT ALOT OF ROUGH LIFE TO LIVE COMPARED TO A 60 YEAR OLD GUY GETTN A KNEE REPLACEMENT. SO THEY THINK THAT EVERY 5-12 YEARS IM GONNA NEED A REDO, SADLY EVERY TIME YOU DO ONE IT ACHIEVES WORSE AND WORSE RESULTS. WHICH COULD LEAD TO STRAIT BONE FUSION WITH NO MOVEMENT OR EVEN AMPUTATE EVENTUALLY, I GUESS ALL I CAN DO IS DIE EARLY.
    WELL THIS DR. DAHL SAYS THE TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT IS THE WAY TO GO BECAUSE THE ABUSE ON MY KNEE SO FAR HAS DAMAGED IT ENOUGH TO WHERE NOW ITS NOT JUST THE LEFT SIDE, ITS THE WHOLE KNEE. ALL THE WALKING AND COMPRESSION IS WEARING IT DOWN. HE PLANS TO TAKE OUT THE HARDWARE, BOLTS AND RODS THAT ARE CURRENTLY THERE NOW. WHILE DOING THIS HE WANTS TO HAVE HIS PARTNER WHICH I HAVENT MET YET, FIX MY FOOT. WHEN THE TRAUMA HAPPEND THERE WERE 6 BREAKS IN MY FOOT THAT WERE OVER LOOKED, MY FOOT IS VERY PAINFULL ALL THE TIME. ITS KINDA DEFORMED LOOKING NOW BECAUSE IT KINDA FOLDS INWARD ON ITSELF. WILL WHEN THEY DO MY HARDWARE REMOVAL THEY WILL DO THE REQUIRED BONE FUSIONS IN MY FOOT ALONG WITH PINS IN MY TOES.(OUCH) THEY SAY ABOUT A MONTH BEFORE ILL BE WALKING ON THE FOOT, ONCE THIS HEELS HE PLANS TO DO THE ARTIFICIAL FULL KNEE REPLACEMENT, WHICH IS SUPPOSED TO HAVE A PRETTY SURPRIZENLY SHORT RECOVERY. HE SAYS MY RIGHT KNEE IS SHOWING MAJOR STRESS FROM ME FAVORING MY WEIGHT ON THAT KNEE ALONG WITH MAJOR POST TRAUMATIC ARTHRITIS THROUGH OUT MY LOWER EXTREMITY'S.PLUS THE BACK PAIN, HAIR LOSS, MEDICAL COPAYS, DENTAL BS, BATTLE WITH PAIN PILLS, BOREDOM, BILLS, BILLS, BILLS, PAIN AND ROAD BLOCKS IN THE LOVE LIFE.... IF ANYBODY KNOWS OF ANY MIRACLES I COULD USE ONE ABOUT NOW.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to tell you that giving a suggestion or an option for such complicated fractures is not easy with just describing the problem .
      in deed there are many different modalities of treatment that may not in use in some centers that may give
      unpredictable results for rare situations like yours .
      an example for this is the use of what is called(illizarov frame).
      this enables the surgeon to transport segments of bone in away that is very gradual (1 mm) per day , to fill bone gaps , to correct deformities and to lengthen a short limbs etc with no need to bone grafts .
      * if you can send me photos of a plane Xray films to the affected knee may be i can give a helpfull idea .
      Email ( alialmalughibennayel@yahoo.com ) .
      with my best wishes

  43. QUESTION:
    what should i do - silent marriage is making me so low.?
    I have only been married for 3 years. It is second time for me third for my husband. My first husband died. I am really struggling. My husband is 50 and really set in his ways. His life revolves around tv. He refuses to do anything else like play wii or go a walk or even turn the tv down never mind have the tv off for even an hour!

    He never talks about his life, work etc and I feel so alone. I feel that he is not interested in what i am saying as he most of the time doesnt even look at me or he never asks questions. For example he will say how is your day and i will say oh i was at a course. That is it he wont ask what course ? where or anything. i feel like he only asks about my day as a token because i have in the past complained that he never does.
    If i ask him to turn down tv or if in the car the radio cause i cant hear him he goes in a huff. I feel like i must be boring because he would rather listen to some stranger than his wife.
    I feel like i dont love him, i feel a lot of anger but i cant express it. We never talk as if i try he just walks away or doesnt answer me. If i tell him things that he has done that has hurt me he doesnts even say anything. he cant seem to converse or discuss things.
    Even just to say sorry or i didnt mean it for example appears to be impossible for him.

    I understand that marriage is for life and i did take my vows seriously but i really dont know if i can stand this but on the other hand i think compared to a lot of men he is not that bad!!
    Occassionally if he loses it he smashes the house up, i am frightened of him when he does this as he loses control.
    However the last time was at xmas so i dont think that justifies ending the marriage.
    I have lost all hope now and dont expect anything different anymore. On a recent trip back from holiday he spent the whole 6 hour flight with his ear plugs in watching the films while i sat in silence.
    The only way to get him into bed is to put the tv on but even then sex is only last thing when i am shattered. To suggest a night without tv would result in the silent treatment for weeks or him threatening to take a hammer to the tv.
    Even when we went away camping he brought a tiny tv that he could plug into the cigarette socket in the car. I was in the tent while he desperately tried to get a picture on this tiny tv.
    sorry this is so long. But i would really appreciate advice.

    • ANSWER:
      you need to dump him. life is too short to be 2nd best to a tv - or 2nd best to anything for that matter. you are clearly not happy, life is for living not for being unhappy. you only get one shot at life so enjoy every minute of it

  44. QUESTION:
    what is wrong with me?!!!?
    i have been having sex 1-3 times per day for the last 4 months. this week i have been trying to have sex with my girlfriend but i am not feeling any pleasure, i just look at her and move on. its not ED, maybe its low libido. frankly, i am a very horny guy. i dont know why i have not been interested lately

    • ANSWER:
      Are you depressed about anything in life right now? Depression can "dampen" one's sex drive. I am sorry this is happening to you. Take care of yourself.

      Low libido in men:

      The second most common sexual dysfunction in men after premature ejaculation is low libido, according to a recent issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. And a loss of "mojo," as film character Austin Powers would put it, is also very difficult for men to discuss, despite the help available from health professionals. What defines a low libido for an individual is subjective and depends upon many variables but definitely involves a loss of sex drive, states Richard Kogan, M.D., a psychiatrist in private practice who specializes in the treatment of sexual dysfunction in New York City. Physical and mental health are key factors, and although many men are happy exceptions to the trend, sex drive generally decreases with age.

      The difference between impotence and low libido
      "Impotence and loss of libido are two very separate things," says Richard Milsten, M.D., a New Jersey-based urologist and coauthor of "The Sexual Male" (W.W. Norton and Company). "However, men who experience impotence commonly experience a decrease in libido over time," he adds. When libido drops and impotence is not a problem, there are numerous factors a doctor might suspect as the cause. Something must be done to increase sex drive When you're sick, libido suffers
      Any medical problem or chronic physical condition can cause a reduction in one's sex drive. If a man is diagnosed with cancer, sex may be the furthest thing from his mind for a time. But even minor illnesses can diminish a man's sexual interest. Conversely, when men improve their health -- through exercise, a low-fat diet or, if necessary, medical treatment -- their libido is likely to increase.

      Physical problems
      While any illness can decrease sex drive, some conditions, such as thyroid disease, tumors of the pituitary gland (which controls most hormone production, including sex hormones) and depression, are directly linked to low libido, according to Milsten.

      Insufficient testosterone
      Similarly, insufficient amounts of the male sex hormone testosterone may cause low libido, though such a condition is unlikely to affect erectile function. Seth advises men who feel their physical condition has decreased their sex drive to consult a physician, keeping in mind that loss of libido is sometimes the only recognizable symptom of a medical problem.

      The sexual side effects of drugs
      Drugs can also decrease libido. Many, though not all, prescription antidepressants can diminish sex drive. Sometimes, just taking these drugs can be a turn off to men. Other medications with this side effect include tranquilizers and antihypertensive medications. Illicit substances, such as heroin, cocaine and marijuana, when used heavily and chronically, may lower libido, according to Milsten. He suggests that if a prescription medicine has hampered a man's sex drive to a distressful degree, he should ask his doctor about the possibility of swapping the medication with a similar one that doesn't cause sexual side effects.

      Stress can sabotage sex drive
      Imagine this scenario:
      You and your dream lover are naked in bed together. Then, all of a sudden, a stranger barges into the room with a gun. You've just lost all interest in sex, and now the only plan you have for your privates is keeping them out of harm's way. In short, you've reprioritized your activities as a survival instinct. This is an extreme example, but any kind of stress -- whether related to work, relationships or any other area of life -- that preoccupies someone is going to diminish that person's sex drive. In order to have a healthy libido, one has to be engaged in the moment -- not angry or hurt. For example, says Milsten, "If you're having shouting matches with your partner," your libido is nearly certain to take a nosedive. Fortunately, if you work on your differences and good feelings are restored, you are likely to increase sex drive as it will return to baseline levels.

      Seek professional help if necessary
      Some problems, however, such as depression or anxiety, intense job stress, family worries, serious marital conflicts, experiences of past abuse or conflicts about sexual orientation may require professional assistance. It is essential to seek such help if negative feelings interfere with the rest of life, if they are overwhelming, or if you are no longer able to experience pleasure.

  45. QUESTION:
    Help with Asian Horror Movies?
    My friend and I have a watched a few Asian horror movies together, I love them.

    She liked them I think but now says they are repetative (hair, hands, ect.)
    I think she also believes I like them because there are asian chicks in them, but I Love them because of the unique style! I'm actually kind of sick of american ones.
    She also says the only difference between an American Horror Movie, and an Asian Horror Movies is that your have to read them (you don't HAVE to read them), the Actors and Actresses are Asian, and they sound weird
    But I think they, most of them, have a whole different style than american! So much more intelligent I think. and twisted!

    Can somebody help me explain why Asian horror movies are different, in paragraphs please

    What are your opinions on Asian Horror Movies.

    Any suggestions?

    Please help me prove my point, or if you disagree, you can argue aagainst if you please

    Thanks :) -Gabe

    • ANSWER:
      Hello. I hope u don't mind I give comments (rather long comments ^_^).plz forgive my incorrect English.

      American Horror vs Asian Horror
      Being Asian myself, I'll choose to watch American Horror movies than Asian Horrors, though just like u I'm sick too (with all that too stupid teenage characters).
      I'm always afraid to go to the toilet alone after I watched Asian Horrors ^_^

      Actually I'm curious when there is a Non-Asian fan of Asian Horrors?do u?(are u really a Non-Asian/westerner?)
      Are u wondering why Asian Horrors are different (with American Horrors)?

      In fact, horror in America and Horror in Asia are different, right?
      Unlike most American who usually skeptical toward such things like ghost, myths, folklore, etc, Asian are accustomed to that things. My parents will always warn me to not do this/that, don't go to that/this place, that/this place was haunted/cursed, and so on.(being Asian is quite difficult, isn't it?^_^)
      It's easy for me to imagine the events in the movie happen in real life.
      In short, I can say that Asian horrors are (quite) real.(though maybe there is a bit addition/subtraction here there, but not changed)
      It makes me wonder, is that serial killers or sick persons like Jigsaw are real in America?

      Do u think Asian Horror are more intelligent? Maybe you're right...
      (though I know other people may have different taste)
      Are you wondering why? I'll share my opinion

      Asian movie industry (especially in Japan,Chinese, Korean) quite respect the horror genre, not placing it in the lower level than the other genres.
      This condition that push the Asian filmmakers to make horror movies with more mainstream standard (which slightly higher than the typical horror standard - just to make the audiences scared)
      On the contrary, I sense that Hollywood placing the horror genre as if it is a B-class film.(of course there are mainstream American horror movies, but I'm talking about the 'standard'). Correct me if I'm wrong..

      I'll give the example:
      Have u seen The Host?(though I'm not sure if it is your taste or not, still I want to discuss it)
      Apparently it's a monster movie. However the movie is a hybrid genre combining the monster with such heavy-theme like political and environmental criticisms. The Host is surely not just an ordinary monster-attacks-town movie.(the movie was screened in Cannes 2006. It even won The Best Picture at the Asian Film Award)
      Such treatment also applied to the actors/actresses (who starred in the horror movies).
      Remember The Eye (the Hollywood remake starring Jessica Alba).
      Pretty actress Angelica Lee (who played the original leading lady) offered her best performance. She won The Best Actress at the Golden Horse Award, which like Oscar for the Chinese language movies.
      (Angelica and The Eye directors Pang brothers apparently reunited and filmed horror movie Re-cycle released in 2006)

      About cliche/ familiar scenes, whatsoever...

      I think some people who have watched too much K-Horrors will say almost the same thing.(responding to the first answer Nunyo)
      Then, they will move to Thai Horrors, and then to Bollywood or my country Indonesian Horrors (though I'm strongly not recommend my country's horrors - it's just awful ^_^), or anywhere else...
      Repetition happen everywhere in any kind of genres (not just horror). It's just unavoidable...
      After all, a horror movie without all the cliche/repetitive scenes (that we all have known/familiar with) will not be horror anymore. (example: Twilight, who hasn't seen Twilight?^_^)

  46. QUESTION:
    Do I have obsessive compulsive disorder? (ocd)?
    Im not really sure if i have ocd or not. I make list every night for the next day. Because i am scared i will forget something. I make notes if i think i think i will forget to do it or whatever. I clean allot. I have certain things that need to be an a certain order or a freak out. If something is wrong I cant go to sleep. I dont know other symptoms. But do i have ocd??
    and when i eat i eat everything in a certain order. i dont not like my foods touching. umm. I carry hand sanitezer everywhere. I have had anxiety attacks before.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, OCD is someting that is not black and white. It is not like other medical conditions such as a broken bone where you have an injury, you take a film, see the fracture and then cast the limb to treat.

      OCD consists of many characteristics (not really symptoms) and some these characteristics can be displayed by patients who do not fit the textbook description of OCD.

      For example, many of the things you described above are things that I do also. There is nothing wrong with being neat and orderly and/or doing things that help simplify your life. I make a list every week of all of the things I need to buy, do and take care of. If something pops into my mind, I always write it down and add it to the weekly list. I also am very clean, neat and oganized. I usually keep the same routine every day, especially at work.

      The key is to ask yourself why do you do these things? For some people doing these things have a purpose. For me, it helps to keep everything organized, that organization leads to me being more efficient and that efficiency leads to me being able to get more accomplished in a shorter amount of time so that I can maximize my free time. Many people spend so much of their time thinking about what they need to do next, or searching for things they cannot find, etc. If you were to add up the 5 minutes here and 10 minutes there that people who are not as organized spend on thinking about everything, it would come to a significant amount of wasted time.

      Also you have to keep in mind that all people are different. Some of us are very analytical in our mindsets. By the sounds of it, you are probably an analytical type person. Analytical people are all about problem solving and simplification. Basically how can we get from point A to point B in the simplest, quickest and most effective way possible? They will do some trial and error until they find the solution that works best for them. This translates into your everyday life. So possibly the reason that you put things in a specific order, is because to you it is the best order. Because you make a list and write everything down it may simply be because that is the most effective way for you to keep up with all of your thoughts, ideas and tasks.

      Anyway I think you get the idea.

      Now the issue comes into play when you cannot come up with a rational reason for doing these things. So if you sit there and think about why you put things in a specific order and you cannot come up with any logical reason, then, yes, this may be a sign that you have a compulsion disorder. If you repeat things (saying a word twice, turning a door knob a specific amount of times) and it has nothing to do with logic, then yes, this too may be a sign of OCD.

      Lastly, if your need for organization, routine, etc. begins to interfere with your life (work, family, etc.) then yes, you probably are dealing with some compulsion disorder.

      In a nutshell if you are just doing these things because you have some inner need to do them without any purpose behind it then you should go ahead and see a doctor who specializes in this area and let them assess you. There will be a multitude of questionaires and other diagnostic techniques that they will use to determine where you fall (if at all) on the OCD scale. If you feel uncertain as to whether or not there is a purpose behind your actions or just are not convinced either way, then I always say it is better to be safe than sorry. In most cases compulsions will only get worse if left untreated. If you go ahead and get in there early and start with some treatment (medications possibly, behavioral modifications, therapy sessions, etc.) then the more likely your chances for overcomming or at least inhibiting the progression of the disorder will become.

      EDIT: Again, I still say refer to the rule of thumb, which is, :Is there a rational, logical reason behind why you do these things?". I do not like my food to touch each other either, and the reason for this is just because I do not like the way it tastes when juices from one food get mixed in with another. If it were not for that aspect, then I would not care if the food touched each oher. So, if this is the reason you do not like your food to touch, or another reason that is rational like that, then I would still say it is probably nothing to be concerned with.

      The only time you need to be concerned is when you are doing things with no rational or logical reason behind them and/or your habits begin to interfere with your day to day life. That is when it is time to worry. Many people out there have what could be defined as compulsions, but when they are rational or do not interfere with everyday functions, then we just call the quirks!

  47. QUESTION:
    what is snotty or pretentious american's fascination with costa rica?
    I'm costa rican, my grandparents are from there and my father was born there. A whole side of my family lives there. I've visited and have many memories. Now granted it's a very diverse and beautiful place. Thing is, it's become the mecca for annoying people to cultivate and vacation at. I appreciate being 1 of only 3 million or so people and I get nauseas watching people develop that country into a tourist trap for people who bitch at the mcdonalds workers for not speaking english or for doing dangerous things in the rainforest...
    so why do so many people think they're sophisticated and unique for visiting?

    PS: i'm not against anybody enjoying themselves or visiting
    alright gone f..but
    actually it's mexicans, guatamalens, colombians and nicquraquins..(yeh spelled that wrong..)
    that sneak over our borders and steal our jobs in america..

    and last time i visited toronto i was surprised to see canadia has it's fair share of mexi's too.
    yeh, i already clarified that i didn't spell it right and since i'm not writing an essay i never bother spell checking, using appropriate grammar or capitalizing countries and what not..
    and by the way..that's crap, the business owners just are taking advantage but trust me americans will do anything illegal immigrants do, they just DEMAND a fair legal wage...americans friggen pump septic systems, mate barnyard animals, go fishing in alaska for crabs and crap and pick up people's trash on a truck...
    what the hell makes you think that they wouldn't pack meat or go berry picking if given the opportunity?

    Those illegal immigrants you're defending are also exporting most of the money they make in this country back to their home country or saving it so they can move back and be millionaires...
    NOT ALL but a lot of them are only here to exploit the country and if that wasn't true then they would enter LEGALLY.
    and who said i'm racist??
    you're retarded because you DIDN'T READ my assertion and question right.

    I'm annoyed with european americans visiting costa rica to go touring the rainforests and doing other ridiculious crap only because they act like they own the place and they're only fascination with it is the cute "ticos" and the fact that it cost a lot of money to travel there.

    • ANSWER:
      As a European that lived 11 years in US and have my Tico partner for 12 year,I can tell you that despite the smiles,Europeans AND Americans look at Costa Rica as a "playground".And that's ok...let them act like fools and charge them as one(asn long as they end up on the short end).
      My problem with the foreign "invasion is that you open the newspapers in San Jose and see 2 bedroom apartments for rent for over 0 and houses(small,not mansions) for 00.
      How can any Costa Rican that works hard every day afford that?Why is he government not placing rent control?Why do honest Costa Ricans have to struggle to pay rent in a bad area while Americans are taking San Jose over and putting their standards?
      Not even so..,in US rent can be way cheaper in the same standard area/house/accommodation BUT foreigners think they "dictate" the price for "civilization".
      Then you see this pretty,young girls that have everything going for them self,jumping like "flies" over foreigners,willing to do anything.Very sad and disturbing that Americans see CR also as a "sex" spot.I wonder how the posters that reply to you feel about their own women offering them-selfs to OLD dudes for an extra mil colones.
      Areas where Americans live are way better maintained,I can tell you for a fact that if there is a problem if I raise my voice in English,I get better help that Costa Ricans.Even in the hospital(had that filmed)
      Again,as I foreigner,I am disgusted to see what SOME people that come to visit/live here think about locals.
      I wish they will open up more and try to learn the beauty of a different culture.
      I've had nothing but good learning experience with my neibouroughts and new friends.
      However,there are a lot of foreign organizations started by private individuals,that immigrated here,embraced the culture and are creating needed projects for many aspects of the Costa Rican system.You really can't "judge the book by its cover".
      Take me for example - I live in CR for over one year,I am from Eastern EU,my husband is Tico and our son is Canadian.We all speak English between each-other because my son grew up in North America and that was the only common language withing the family.
      I walk down Sabana and talk to my kid,everybody assumes I am from US,trying to charge double ans etc...
      I wonder what "ticosland2008" will say about racism here or when my son was attended to in The Children's Hospital before about 5-6 kids that where in line just because I yelled in English(not proud of that,but hey...my kid is my all).Racism toward Costa Rican's in CR - YES
      Immigration and tourism is a hard issue

      Despite all the signs on the airport I flew in with my son here(the dad came before us) without any question about his father/birth-certificate etc..(is common knowledge many criminals "run"here and many parents abduct their kids and come here,beside is an international practice for a single parent with a child,to ask for the second parent approval of travel proof)
      Is no secret also that for about 0 CR celuda is obtainable within 3 months.
      And on top of that for some reason,the government allows all foreign companies to hire as much "top dollar" help from outside as they want appose to Costa Ricans.
      Locals are doing the job that will make you rich anywhere else for an hour(and they thing is a good pay..).
      Then there is the "common fear"(that's what I call it).You can wait 3 hours in the bank and it will take a Nicaraguan to raise some hell,you can be robbed in day-lite and NOBODY will try to help,you can walk in to your bank to make a deposit with you son and have to be searched as you are to rob them....
      Many examples from both sides of the issue.However,please Ticos,no offense but you have to wake up and take control of your basic life needs - minimum pay vs. life standard,crime vs. prevention programs,special treatment of foreigners vs. discrimination and poverty of your own Native Indian People.
      Damn..long post..
      Last one - weeks ago a girl asked here why Costa Rican milk trucks need armed security guards.All Tico's reply that security is part of life in all countries.I beg to differ - any country that calls it's self advance,civilized country and cares about human rights,safety will NOT have such a silly "picture".
      Again,no bad feelings but people that answer that way,bring the general "That's the way it is" attitude and they need to be asking for better rather than trying to "explain".
      Bottom line is - I don't know who came up with the silly "Swiss of Latin America" nickname for CR - BELIEVE ME,you are walking back with the attitude of "defense".Swiss people don't need wires to defend their home and businesses(just a small,tiny example..)

  48. QUESTION:
    How to protect in USA screenplays and TV show concepts i write wether i'm french...?
    Hi,

    I write screenplays, TV show concepts etc. and i would like to protect them in USA before send them to producers (in USA). The problem is that i'm french, living in france (soon in mexico but it doesn't change the problem).

    Is there a way for a french person to do that (even i'm not US citizen, resident or don't a have specific visa).
    If yes, can you give me a website, adresses etc. to do it?
    Do you have an idea of the cost for protection of a screenplay or TV show concept?

    Thank you :)
    thx for the answer!! that'(s cheap (quite the same price as in france actually) i thought i'll have to pay something like 500$ to protect each thing i write and have proofs that i wrote things first in case someobdy steal me or sell the quite the same screenplays or concept i wrote.

    With this protection, is it enough proof to sew someone front of a judge if someone steal my ideas, etc.?

    • ANSWER:
      The Writer's Guild of America (WGA) (both its West and East offices) allows anyone - members or not - to register their creative works. I just copied the more general details about this and pasted them here for you to look at:

      PURPOSE AND COVERAGE
      The WGAW Registry assists writers and other creators in establishing the completion dates of material written for the fields of radio, film, television, video, and interactive media.

      Registration provides a dated record of the writer's claim to authorship of a particular literary material. If necessary a WGA employee may produce the material as evidence if legal or official Guild action is initiated.

      The Registry does not make comparisons of registration deposits, bestow any statutory protections, or give legal advice. Submitted material is not read by the Registry or other WGAW staff.

      REGISTERABLE MATERIAL

      Any file may be registered to assist you in documenting the creation of your work. Some examples of registerable material include scripts, treatments, synopses, outlines, and written ideas specifically intended for radio, television and film, video cassettes/discs, or interactive media. The WGAW Registry also accepts stageplays, novels and other books, short stories, poems, commercials, lyrics, drawings, music and other media work.

      REGISTRATION FEES

      Registration fees are (U.S.) for the general public, (U.S.) for WGA members in good standing. The online system accepts only Visa/MasterCard as a form of payment. You will be billed in your local currency if outside the U.S.

      Registration fees for material submitted by mail or in person are payable in cash, check, money order, or credit card (Visa/MasterCard). All fees paid either by check or money order must be payable in U.S. dollars, as well as drawn from a U.S. bank account. Checks and money orders may be payable to WGAW.

      The Registry does not accept bank transfers of any kind, nor release bank account information under any circumstance.

      Material and payment may be sent by mail or hand-delivered to the WGAW Registry, 7000 W. Third Street, Los Angeles, CA 90048. U.S.A.

      DURATION AND EXPIRATION

      Registration is valid for a term of five (5) years. Upon expiration, registration may be renewed for an additional five-year period at the current registration rate. Renewals will be accepted up to three (3) months prior to the expiration of the original registration. A grace period is extended allowing renewals as late as three (3) months following the expiration date.

      At the time of registration, or renewal, you authorize the WGA to destroy the material without further notice to you on the expiration of the first term of registration or any renewal period.

      IDENTIFYING REGISTERED WORK

      Registrants may choose to identify registered material with the following language: "WGAW Registered" or "WGAW #_____" How and where you identify your material as being registered is completely at your discretion. You do not need permission to show your work as being registered.

      ACCESS TO REGISTRATION INFORMATION

      Only the writers listed on the registration receipt may request confirmation of registration, the registration number, date of deposit, or any other information.

      The Registry will honor such written requests from writers regarding the registration of their own work(s) only if accompanied by photo identification. All verification or confirmation requests from a writer should contain as much specific information as possible, such as registration number, title of material, effective date, and social security number of writer, and may be submitted by facsimile, mail, or in person. The fax number for the Registry is (323) 782-4803.

      In the event an author is deceased, proof of death and consent of the representative of the heirs and/or estate must be presented in order to obtain specific information regarding the material. The representative must provide court documents authenticating his or her claim as legal heir.

      You can read more at: http://www.wgawregistry.org/webrss/regdetails.html

      This screen will let you actually register, either through the mail or online:
      http://www.wgawregistry.org/webrss/

      Hope this helps!


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